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Milan, first half of June 1967.

- The destruction of Mondo Beat, the triumph of the Contestation.



June 1967 brought winds of war.
A Catholic priest in civilian clothes came to pitch a tent in Barbonia City. He was not the kind of priest who contestated the Vatican, as he treated the young people with Christian benevolence. Dante Palla nicknamed him Father Spy.
Jean Cheko, a French Jew who sold rings at night in the Brera district bars, got into the habit of arriving in Barbonia City in the morning. He tried to understand what kind of predisposition Melchiorre Gerbino had towards Israel.
Clearly, the two were agents, Father Spy of the Vatican, Jean Cheko of the Zionists. But it was not usual for agents like them to frequent Barbonia City and the fact that they arrived at the same time was alarming, so something critical could be expected to happen.
In fact, an armed conflict between Israelis and Arabs broke out on June 5.
As for this war, Mondo Beat could take no other position than neutrality, since the Israelis were supported by the Americans, the Arabs by the Russians. To be in solidarity with one part, no matter which, would have caused the implosion of the Contestation, which was almost to the point of spreading at mass level. But, nevertheless, it would have been impossible to stay apart from the consequences of this war. Due to the intrigue of world interests behind it, this war would have involved everyone, directly or indirectly, and a pacifist movement as Mondo Beat had to expect negative consequences.
In fact, this war had already disrupted Gerbino's plans. He had foreseen that the Movement would have been at its best in October, November and December, after which it would have declined, and consequently the best thing would have been to dissolve Mondo Beat by the end of the year, to end in beauty. The logic of this reasoning, because the Base of Mondo Beat could no longer be renewed by those heroic youths who had formed it. The fact that the youths of Mondo Beat no longer had to face the police, made it impossible to see who was who among newcomers. Now at Mondo Beat arrived characters who pretended to be Beats who came from cities here and there, when in reality they came from the carabinieri barracks and the police headquarters.
As for the consequences of this war in relation to Melchiorre Gerbino's personal situation, when the Mondo Beat Movement would have ended, Melchiorre Gerbino would have felt a sense of liberation, like the liberation from a karma. If the goal of mass contestation had been achieved, Melchiorre Gerbino would have felt happy, otherwise sad, but however he would have felt liberated. Let me explain why. A year before the foundation of the Mondo Beat Movement, Melchiorre Gerbino and Gunilla Unger were on a trip from Sicily to France, when they stopped in Milan, because they had to take a train from there. They had 4 hours to spend before boarding a train for Paris, so during those hours they visited Milan. They have liked the city. Melchiorre Gerbino then remembered having an industrialist uncle in Milan, a brother of his mother, and he phoned him. He missed the train. He would have stayed 2 years in Milan instead of 4 hours. But at the end of the story of the Mondo Beat Movement, he would have returned to his journeys, this was certain. So if it is true that he would not have acted to shorten the existence of the Movement, on the other hand he would not have tried to prolong its existence to obtain personal benefits from this, let's say, to be elected in the Italian Parliament. In fact, hell had already happened between him and his father, because he did not want to be a member of the Italian Parliament, but he wanted to travel to see the world.

Returning now to the chronological order of events, the 3 newspapers, Corriere della Sera, Corriere d'informazione and La Notte, had refrained from attacking us from the beginning of the Six Day War. This, because they had to study a new strategy against us, in the light of this war, being however their goal always the same, that is to say the destruction of Mondo Beat. They returned to the attack, La Notte on June 8, the Corriere della Sera on June 9.

(La Notte, June 8, 1967)    (Corriere della Sera, June 9, 1967)
A socialist councilman, Paride Accetti, maneuvering against Mondo Beat
A political maneuver against Barbonia City.

The news was about a 16-year-old girl, who had run way from home, found by her uncle in Barbonia City, who had refused to return home and was taken by the police to a juvenile prison.
In addition, the two newspapers announced that a Socialist councilman had submitted a question to the mayor of Milan, asking about the kind of actions to be taken to put an end to the scandalous existence of Barbonia City.
Now, the fact that a member of the Socialist party, a party in government, had officially taken position against Mondo Beat, meant that the Moro government was about to take action against the Movement. Of course, the Vatican had not asked a Christian Democrat councilman to promote an action against Barbonia City, because then people would have easily understood that the Vatican was behind this, instead the Vatican would have maneuvered such Paride Accetti, an asshole lacquered "socialist".
It has to be understood that at the time of Mondo Beat, 90% of those who engaged in politics in Italy, did it just for personal benefit. All of them would have preferred to have a profitable place in the Christian Democratic Party (Democrazia Cristiana) a political party which was a creature of the Vatican and was in government from one administration to another. Otherwise, they would have joined any other political party who would guarantee them personal benefits. They were very able to make passionate speeches on freedom and justice (like today Black Africa politicians) but in the reality they were ready to serve power to any extent and with the lowest tricks. Paride Accetti was one of them.


Milan, June 10, 1967 - Military attack on Barbonia City

In the early afternoon of June 10, when Melchiorre Gerbino was giving an interview in his tent, suddenly gunshots were heard nearby, while sirens from many police cars rang. Melchiorre Gerbino came out of his tent, as did his interviewer, who turned out to be a secret agent and not a journalist, because he went to the big tarp "Good people, Corriere della Sera tells you bullshit!" and cut the strings with a knife, then he dragged the tarp away.
A pandemonium was going on in the campsite. Dozens of policemen chased boys and girls, most in swimsuits, handcuffed them and took them to police vans, while here and there a few other policemen, of vigorous physique, were fighting, with karate moves, against athletic Beats, which had never been before in Barbonia City. Outside the campsite, on the side of the petrol station, a team of carabinieri climbed the barbed wire fence, while among the many spectators who crowded there, secret service agents, disguised as workers and family fathers, incited people out loud to invade the camp for setting the tents on fire. In this pandemonium, Gunilla Unger, holding little Nino in her arms, reached police commissioner Ludovico Reale, who was at the head of the military operation, and asked him to protect the tents. Ludovico Reale, surprised by the arrival of Gunilla Unger and photojournalists who took pictures, decided to leave Gunilla Unger herself and some police officers to protect the tents, while all the other campers were handcuffed and taken to the police headquarters.
After a couple of hours of arrest, Melchiorre Gerbino was released from police headquarters, "because he said words of peace while the battle raged in the campsite", they reportedly told the press. But, besides the fact that I was the director of a duly registered magazine, I was released, first of all, because the Vatican and the Zionists feared that without my leadership, which was equidistant from the two blocks, the Mondo Beat Movement could take political position in favor of the Arabs.
Back in Barbonia City, I found the campsite stubbornly revived, as many students had rushed there and various people who sympathized with the Movement. But I could realize how Barbonia City had suffered a deadly blow, as sixteen of its most committed youths, including Umberto Tiboni, had been jailed and, consequently, Barbonia City's staff was no longer operational.
At the same time of my arrival, Giuseppe Pinelli also arrived at the campsite. Pinelli said that many plainclothes cops were deployed near The Cave. He suggested to collect the material to be saved and move it from The Cave to the Sacco e Vanzetti section. For the purpose, he would return to Barbonia City the next morning with a friend who had a car. The day to come was a Sunday and the Italian system rested on Sunday, so we had a safe day to act, almost certainly the last one before the destruction of Barbonia City and the requisition of The Cave.

At night, I reflected on what had happened.
What they had invented to justify the military attack, was that a mother came to Barbonia City in search of her son, but was prevented from entering the campsite and called the police and when a police car arrived, the Beats received it by throwing stones, so the police headquarters had to mobilize more men and, since a fierce battle would have raged in Barbonia City, the carabinieri also had to be mobilized.
This, the official explanation to justify the military attack. But, in reality, the military had come to arrest all the youths in Barbonia City to have the campsite empty, so that the secret agents, who had the task to set fire to the tents, could do it without opposition.
These secret agents would have been disguised as workers and family fathers and placed among the spectators who always crowded the square of the petrol station. They had to encourage people to invade the camp, then they would have set all the tents on fire. But, for the success of this plan, someone who was not a secret agent had to be arrested and shown by the press to the public. So at the police headquarters they could invent a big story about the many family fathers who had set fire to the tents but had escaped capture. And the Corriere della Sera, Corriere d’informazione and La Notte would have underlined that, yes, setting fire to the tents was an illegal action, but nevertheless the mood of many family fathers had to be understood and somehow justified, thinking that, in Barbonia City, many underage girls had been forced into prostitution and many boys had taken drugs.
But their plan failed, as none of the many spectators moved to invade the campsite and then Gunilla Unger, with Nino in her arms and surrounded by photojournalists, went to Commissioner Ludovico Reale and asked him to protect the tents and Reale had no escape.
Now, considering another aspect, that is to say, the proportion of the military operation, an operation in which more than one hundred men had participated, an operation of this proportion could not have been planned without the knowledge and authorization of the Moro government. Aldo Moro, who was disguised as a progressive politician, was actually a devious servant of the Vatican. He was surely ordered to destroy Mondo Beat's structures when the war between Israelis and Arabs was causing so much clamor that it would have dampened the clamor of the destruction of Barbonia City. It was therefore logical to predict that the soldiers would return very soon to definitively destroy the campsite.
Since this seemed to be the real situation in which Mondo Beat was, I thought there was nothing better to do than to act so that the destruction of the structures of Mondo Beat would have raised as much clamor as possible. In order to achieve this result, I decided to bluff. I conceived an imaginative gathering, in Barbonia City, of Beats and Provos from all over Italy, as a first step to permanently occupy Milan. If in the Vatican they went hysterical in apprehending such a news, they would have asked Aldo Moro to protected Milan from such a barbarian invasion. If so, hundreds of soldiers had to be mobilized to set checkpoints at the junctions of all the roads which connected Milan with the surrounding territory, and hundreds of other soldiers had to be ready to physically engage against the invaders. If the bluff failed, because they would have realized that in the summertime you cannot make a revolution in Italy, I had nothing to lose, since Mondo Beat was destined to end in any case. But if they fell into the trap, one more military intervention against Mondo Beat, which inevitably would have annoyed the population in Milan, would have accelerated the times of mass contestation.
So, I conceived a flyer with which I called all Italian Beats and Provos to gather in Barbonia City almost immediately, that is, from June 15.
In my tent, by candlelight, while Gunilla and Nino slept, I have typewritten many times the flyer, making copies with carbon paper. When I reached a hundred copies, I blew out the candle and went to sleep.

(On the left, anastatic copy of the flyer - On the right, its translation into English)
An Imaginative rally of Beats and Provos from all over Italy to occupy Milan      An Imaginative rally of Beats and Provos from all over Italy as a first step to occupy Milan
A flyer intended to cause a massive military intervention in Milan.

As you can see, Melchiorre Gerbino mentioned sexual freedom, this would have bothered the Vatican, because if people have spontaneous sexual relations, they no longer perceive the suffering of the Holy Cross, which is the basic business of the Holy See. And then, since the 3 newspapers had exaggerated with descriptions of open air copulations in the lawn of Barbonia City, I hoped that the holy men in the Vatican would evoke, in their minds, a Milan invaded by Beats who would copulate in the corners of the streets, if they had not been prevented from entering the city. In short, this flyer wanted to create terror in the Vatican, that is to say, Milan occupied indefinitely by thousands of orgiastic contestators.


Milan, June 11, 1967 - The last day of Barbonia City

That day Barbonia City was more alive than ever. There were many Beats, Provos, university and high school students and all kind of persons. There were as many young people as never before. Youths understood that the campsite would be destroyed and they wanted to show their love for Barbonia City. In fact, Barbonia City was loved by all young Italians, Catholic included, as it symbolized a kind of Promised Land accessible to everyone, where everyone had a place to pitch a tent and live a season of freedom.

A review of photos and articles, which appeared on June 11, 1967, on the military attack on Barbonia City the day before

The destruction of Barbonia City was ordered by the Vatican during the Six Day War
Photos of the military attack on Barbonia City.


(Il Giorno, June 11, 1967)
The journalist who wrote this article made it clear that the attack on Barbonia City had been planned
The military attack on Barbonia City described by Il Giorno

Il Giorno had openly sympathized with the Movement, so this reporter made it clear that the attack on Barbonia City had been planned. In a subtitle, which everyone would have noticed, he wrote: "A mother calls the police because her son refuses to follow her: a police car (panther) arrives, then another 21".
Given that there were no more than 25 cars in the Milan police headquarters, it was impossible for 22 to arrive one after the other in 10 minutes, if the operation had not been planned. And in fact, it was understandable that the attack was planned because it took place in the early hours of a Saturday afternoon, between 14 and 15, when the activities in the city were minimal, so that almost all the cars could be sent to rake the youths in Barbonia City, in an operation that would have lasted about 40 minutes.

In addition to the cars, there were also vans for the transport of the prisoners
The 22 cars with which the police attacked Barbonia City.

It has to be mentioned that journalists and photojournalists from Corriere della Sera, Corriere d'Informazione and della Notte arrived at the same time as the soldiers, because they were coordinated with the Milan police headquarters, while journalists and photojournalists from other newspapers would arrive when the operation was already over. These journalists, who did not witness the event, were therefore informed by those of the 3 newspapers of thugs and criminals who engaged in a furious battle against the police for almost two hours, when in reality the peaceful youths of Mondo Beat, most in swimsuits, were quickly captured, handcuffed and taken to the police headquarters.


(L'Unità, June 11, 1967)
This article was full of subtle falsities, described as acquired facts
The military attack on Barbonia City described by L'Unità.

In this article there were subtle falsehoods, described as acquired facts and there was complacency in seeing the Mondo Beat Movement in a very critical situation. The communists, having lost all hope of being able to absorb the Mondo Beat Movement and having noticed that the Movement had remained neutral towards the Israelis and the Arabs, while they supported the Arabs, would adopt a negative stand towards Mondo Beat worse than that of the Government.
A lie described in this article (and the communists knew well it was a lie) concerned the "seven wounded policemen". In fact, the farce of the injured police officers is the manual of all the police operations carried out in Italy against the pacifists. The pacifists, after being brutally beaten, lick their wounds, while the police officers who beat them go for treatment. The communists knew this very well, but they were complacent to assert, together with the reactionary press, that the Beats had injured the police officers.
Because of this sneaky attitude, the communists would have paid to the Contestation the highest price among all the Italian political parties, since before Mondo Beat, to classify someone as a prominent intellectual, he was said to be an "intellettuale di sinistra" (leftist intellectual ), after Mondo Beat, this expression would have been used to ridicule someone.


(La Notte, June 11, 1967)
In these articles, there were mountains of lies to discredit the youth of the Mondo Beat Movement
The military attack on Barbonia City described by La Notte in two articles.

In these 2 articles, there were mountains of lies to discredit the youth of the Mondo Beat Movement.
Nino Nutrizio, a Dalmatian fascist, was a sports journalist in charge of managing La Notte. This newspaper, owned by the Catholic industrialist Carlo Pesenti, was at the disposal of the Vatican to wage a devious campaign against the Mondo Beat Movement, and therefore Nino Nutrizio would continually trivialize and mystify when dealing with the facts.

Now let's focus on what happened on June 11.
When Giuseppe Pinelli returned to the campsite to save what was in The Cave and keep it in the Sacco e Vanzetti section, Melchiorre Gerbino told him about the bluff he had planned, namely an imaginary gathering, in Barbonia City, of Beats and Provos, arriving from all Italy. This bluff, in order to provoke a massive military intervention in Milan and, consequently, annoyance and protests among the people and more anger among the youths.
Giuseppe Pinelli who, like me, was sure of an imminent military attack to destroy the structures of Mondo Beat, agreed that the best to do was to prolong the military action as much as possible, causing annoyance in the population in Milan, in order to speed up the beginning of mass contestation, in which he believed as firmly as I did. So, he approved what I wanted to implement.
And so, for the success of the bluff, I asked him to issue, from Sacco e Vanzetti section, imaginative press releases on the imminent arrival in Milan of Beats and Provos from all over Italy and abroad. It was important that these imaginative press releases would originate from the Sacco e Vanzetti section, to be credible, because it was a very serious organization, which in the past had been frequented by characters who had participated in the Spanish Civil War and in the Italian Resistance and, at present, was frequented by the Milanese Provos. Giuseppe Pinelli, who was the trustee of that section, promised he would have issued such press releases and would have sent them to the main newspapers.
In The Cave, while planning the bluff together, Giuseppe Pinelli and Melchiorre Gerbino recovered the material to be saved. They also collected thousands of copies of the last issue of the Magazine, to take them to Barbonia City and distribute for free. Those were the copies of which Gerbino had stopped the sale on the street, to distribute them over time until early October, but now it was the case to get rid of them.
And indeed, once back in Barbonia City, Melchiorre Gerbino gathered youths who wanted to distribute the Magazine outside Milan. He gave each of them a hundred copies for free and some flyers of the "Gathering of all Beats and Provos" and assigned each of them an immediate destination for a city of their choice. By this, he got rid of thousands of copies of the Magazine and sent away many youths, so that neither the youths nor the copies would end up in the impending military attack on the structures of Mondo Beat. Finally, he made sure that a copy of the "Gathering of all Beats and Provos" flyer ended up in the hands of a police informant, namely Nino the Fascist, who would surely have rushed to the police headquarters to deliver it.
Let me say now a few words about why we have let Nino the Fascist attend Mondo Beat, even though we were sure he was a police informant. We did because Mondo Beat accepted in its structures, without asking for identification, anyone who respected the rules of no drugs, no violence, no theft. Being this the situation, the police headquarters was able to infiltrate Mondo Beat at will, so it was smarter to know who the police informants were. Why? Because, observing their behavior, we would have had perception of the state of tension that, in a given moment, the police headquarters had towards Mondo Beat, say, if in the police headquarters they were preparing an attack or were relaxed. And, exceptionally, we would have used the police informants to perform a bluff, as actually I did with Nino the Fascist, when I made sure he was in possession of a flyer of the "Gathering of all Beats and Provos". For sure, he would have ran towards the police headquarters to deliver that flyer, and this was what I wanted him to do.
And in fact, a few hours after Nino the Fascist had been in possession of that flyer, the Corriere della Sera came out with an extraordinary edition (!). Corriere della Sera did it very seldom. And this edition, which was distributed in Milan and in the suburbs, was similar to the edition which had appeared in the morning, but in the article on Barbonia City there was one more detail, that of the Gathering of all Beats and Provos.
So, Nino the Fascist, immediately after being in possession of the flyer, had rushed to the police headquarters to deliver it and the police headquarters had immediately transmitted the news to the Corriere della Sera, who decided to print an extraordinary edition. Corriere della Sera, the most authoritative Italian newspaper, wouldn't also have been the best informed!?
And so, they had believed that this imaginative gathering of all Beats and Provos would really happen. And therefore was not insanity to hope that the Vatican would order the Italian government to protect Milan militarily. This Corriere della Sera extraordinary edition made Melchiorre Gerbino experience some of the most euphoric moments in his life (but very intimately, given the circumstances).

(Corriere della Sera - extraordinary edition - June 11, 1967)
At Corriere della Sera, they have believed that the imaginative gathering of all the Beats and Provos would actually take place and they fell into the trap
Corriere della Sera - extraordinary edition - June 11, 1967

Some comments on this article.
As they couldn't say that Nino the Fascist had provided the flyer of the Gathering of all Beats and Provos, the Corriere della Sera invented the news that the flyer was found in Barbonia City, during the battle of the previous day, and specifically in a tent used as a press office (but, actually, such a tent didn't exist in Barbonia City).
2) There is also written that a police officer had to shoot in the air to protect himself. In reality, 3 shots, which were fired near my tent at the beginning of the military operation, were the signal for the secret agent, disguised as a journalist, who was interviewing me, to get out of the tent and cut the strings of the tarp "Good people, Corriere della Sera tells you bullshit!", an operation that an uniformed policeman could not do.
3) Adriano Carminati, the fascist activist who was described by the Corriere della Sera as the cook in Barbonia City, who had arrived there with a large gas cylinder, had in fact received orders to blow up the gas cylinder when the field would have been invaded by the police. And when the police attacked the campsite, Adriano Carminati kept the gas cylinder in the air, close to a fire he had prepared, threatening to let it explode if the police did not leave the campsite, conforming with the instructions he had received. But Adriano Carminati would have avoided blowing up the gas cylinder. And after the destruction of Barbonia City, in which he did not participate, he wanted Melchiorre Gerbino to know that he was sorry for the destruction, because he had loved the time he had spent at the campsite. Yes, Adriano Carminati was, and would have remained, a fascist, but with a touch of Beat fair play.

Now I will reproduce an article in the Corriere della Sera in which there is evidence of the intelligence links of this newspaper with the Milan Police headquarters

(Corriere della Sera, June 12, 1967)

The intelligence links between Corriere della Sera and the Milan Police Headquarters

This article reads: "The «operation longhairs» will take place this morning at sunrise. At 5,30, a hundred agents from Scalo Romana police station, from Mobile Team and from Celere will surround «New Barbonia», the «Beat» village where a violent battle between criminals and police took place on Saturday afternoon. By order of deputy prosecutor, Dr. Veltri...".
It should be noted that the Corriere della Sera printed the edition where this article appeared, when the military, who would have raided Barbonia City, were still sleeping in their beds. This proves, without a shadow of a doubt, that the Corriere della Sera had operational intelligence links with the Milan Police headquarters.
Now, if it is obvious that in the editorial staff of the Establishment newspapers there are people who work with the dual role of journalists and intelligence agents, this kind of activity shouldn't nevertheless be shown to the public as something to be proud for, as the Corriere della Sera did, since these are unconstitutional practices. But, as I have already explained, in the Corriere della Sera there were southerners who suffered from the omnipotence complex, while the northerners were dad's children who were catching butterflies, consequently, because of this uncontrolled campaign against the Beats, the Corriere della Sera's insolence would have offended the sensitivity of many of its readers, with the catastrophic consequences which I have already described, and which are under the eyes of anybody who wants to see them, if it is true that the Corriere della Sera, who was of international reference, has been reduced to a second-rank newspaper by the Contestation.
To say more about this article on Barbonia City, there were descriptions and photos of sacrilegious weddings and outdoor fellatio practiced by the brides. They were fabrications. In fact, there was a certain Enrico Boetti, sent by Corriere della Sera to do dirty jobs, who had infiltrated the Movement and had convinced Melchiorre Gerbino and Umberto Tiboni to register him as manager of the campsite when we rented the land. Gerbino and Tiboni did so because the first had the responsibility of the Magazine over him, the second the responsibility of the management of The Cave. Then, taking advantage of their temporary absence from Barbonia City, which occurred every day, when Gerbino and Tiboni went to The Cave, Enrico Boetti would have arranged this kind of fabricated events of which Corriere della Sera would have published the photos. Furthermore, Enrico Boetti would have introduced to photojournalists and television cameramen, a secret agent disguised as Beat, Jonathan, as if this Jonathan were a main character in Barbonia City. In addition, Corriere della Sera, Corriere d'informazione and La Notte, to make him known to the public, would have written a little here and there about Jonathan as a notorious Beat. Melchiorre Gerbino, who was not aware of all of this, must thank the Six Day War if he was not killed or seriously injured in an accident. In fact, they had already prepared Jonathan to replace him. But, thanks to the Six Day War, the Vatican urged the destruction of the campsite, since the clamor raised by that war would have dampened the clamor of Barbonia City destruction. In fact, a day and a half after the secret services had failed the commitment of burning the tents, the tents were destroyed by order of the judiciary and the campsite was occupied by a battalion of paratroopers. Three days after these events, Melchiorre Gerbino dissolved the Mondo Beat Movement and there would no longer have been the conditions to make Jonathan leader of the Contestation. Instead, Jonathan would soon have been ordered to contain in streets and squares the Contestation that Melchiorre Gerbino had triggered. Strenuous work, which would have lasted years.
I publish below a link to a documentary of the Swiss television RSI, focused on a reception that Jack Kerouac received at a bookstore in Lugano, and also focused on Mondo Beat, both Barbonia City and The Cave. It doesn't matter if you don't understand Italian, since you can however notice that Enrico Boetti is the one who performed a kind of wedding in Barbonia City, being the groom the secret agent Jonathan, disguised as Beat, who pretended to marry a female who, instead of looking like a girl from Mondo Beat, looked like a policewoman in civilian clothes.
La nostra storia (Our story).
One or two days after the destruction of Barbonia City, Melchiorre Gerbino went to Lugano to give an interview to the same Swiss television, RSI. On that occasion, he denied that there had occurred blood marriages, or marriages of any kind, in Barbonia City. This interview would have sparked controversy in Switzerland because, as a result, it would have been suspected that the Swiss filmmaker, who had claimed that the weddings had been celebrated in Barbonia City and had filmed them, was in league with the Italian secret services who had concocted those weddings. In addition, suspects would be aggravated because that filmmaker had repeatedly focused on Enrico Boetti and Jonathan, as if they were important personalities, when they were two nullities in the history of Mondo Beat, since, if we want to make an effort to remember them, we can say at the utmost that they were two pieces of shit.
But, besides the secret services which fabricated scoops in Barbonia City, what Melchiorre Gerbino said of interesting in this interview was that the game was not over because of the destruction of Barbonia City, on the contrary, huge contestations would have happened due to this destruction. As this has happened and the Vatican is still in shock, do not expect RSI to replay this interview soon. Usually, it takes 50 years before sensitive issues are brought to the attention of the general public, my interview may need 100.

Milan, June 12, 1967 - Destruction of Barbonia City by the military and requisition of The Cave by the secret services

The raid on Barbonia City was carried out illegally, as it started during the night and the military could not have raided before dawn, in accordance with the law of the time.
Ordered by Deputy Prosecutor Adolfo Veltri, without any legal support but because compelled by "morality", the destruction of the campsite was carried out by hundreds of policemen, carabinieri, intelligence agents and employees of the Health office.
When the raid occurred, there were only 54 people in the campsite, among which several secret agents and police informants. The hundreds of young people who used to attend Barbonia City were well aware that there would be a raid and had moved away.

Some pictures of the destruction of Barbonia City

(Various newspapers and magazines)
After the campers were arrested, their belongings were taken to waste
Pictures of the destruction of Barbonia City


Some articles on the destruction of Barbonia City

The event of the destruction of the structures of the Mondo Beat Movement was widely covered by the press. The most disparate personalities and publications, in Italy and abroad, have written about it, from Salvatore Quasimodo, winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature, to the Berkeley Barb. Here, I only want to reproduce four articles, from the Italian reactionary press, which would have helped to trigger mass contestations because of their unbearable hypocrisy and bad faith. These articles were written by idiots, who felt triumphant, while the newspapers and magazines, in which they worked, were on the verge of a catastrophe.

(La Notte, June 12, 1967)
Due to a continuous decline in its readers, La Notte had to suspend publications forever
Description of the destruction of Barbonia City by La Notte

In this article were concentrated all the lies against the Beats that La Notte had invented throughout its campaign against them. And in this article, La Notte manifested how proud it was of this campaign. The idiot who wrote this article did not suspect that La Notte had lost credibility and its regular readers would have turned to more serious newspapers. Indeed, due to a continuous decline in its readers, La Notte had to suspend publications forever.


(Corriere d'informazione, June 12-13, 1967)
Due to a continuous decline in its readers, La Notte had to suspend publications forever
Description of the destruction of Barbonia City by the Corriere d'informazione

Due to the tsunami provoked by the Contestation, the Corriere d'informazione would also have failed for lack of readers. It was the second most important newspaper in the Crespi Group, after Corriere della Sera. The Crespi Group was by far the most important publishing group in Italy. The Corriere d'informazione was created immediately after the Second World War, when the publication of the Corriere della Sera had to be suspended for a while, because that newspaper had flanked the fascist regime. When the Corriere della Sera was allowed to reappear, the Corriere d’informazione was not suspended, as it had many readers. The Contestation would have overwhelmed it until annihilation.


(A magazine of the Crespi Group - mid June 1967)
The Crespi Group, after a a chain of bankruptcies, would disappear from the scene
Description of the destruction of Barbonia City by a magazine of the Crespi Group.

In this article, we read: "The tent city of the longhairs in the outskirts of Milan was a village of vice, where any kind of licentious behavior was allowed. Many underage youths fled from home to go there, attracted by what seemed to them a Mecca. In reality, it was a den of scoundrels and thugs, who beat those parents who went there for recovering their underage children. One hundred police officers have besieged and dismantled it, and even the Office of hygiene had to intervene, to rid the lawn from dirt".
From this, you can realize how the intellectuals who worked for the Crespi Group were unable to keep up with the new, and why this publishing group, the most powerful in Italy, as I have already said, would have gone from one bankruptcy to another, until disappearing.
(In the photo, Antonio Di Spagna with some of his possessions recovered before the destruction of the Tent City).


(Corriere della Sera, June 13, 1967)
Because of the Contestation, the Corriere della Sera premises had to be protected by the military for years
Description of the destruction of Barbonia City by the Corriere della Sera

With the destruction of the Mondo Beat structures, in the Corriere della Sera they believed that the game was over and that they had won it. But a few weeks after the destruction of Mondo Beat, when the schools reopened, the Corriere della Sera was overwhelmed by mass contestation. Milanese students from all institutes and universities, then other people, young and old, manifested public resentment towards the Corriere della Sera. People felt offended, because they had been treated as stupid people by that dominant attitude shown by Corriere della Sera and the lies it had told in a campaign against thousands of honest young people who had been described as criminals. Popular resentment was such that the military had to protect the Corriere della Sera headquarters day and night for years.
Indeed, it is disconcerting to recall this blind campaign against the Mondo Beat Movement, or rather, against the renewal of Italian society, that the Corriere della Sera waged. The Corriere della Sera would have ignored that Mondo Beat had influenced the world of music, fashion and literature. It would have ignored that Italian women had emancipated themselves due to a sexual revolution promoted by Mondo Beat. It would have ignored that a political page had turned, since the Mondo Beat Movement was attended by young people from all social classes, who fraternized, when, before, the class struggle had marked politics: this would have meant a great political change since there would be no more confrontation between ideologies, but between programs, given that the democratic system of the Western world was the most progressive, it would no longer be about changing it for another, but about making it more responsible, that is, pay more attention and take more care of the environment, nutrition, sex... and, first of all, to affirm civil rights.
The old Italian intelligentsia, represented by the Corriere della Sera, was so unprepared to face a new era, that it believed could avoid it, by destroying the tents in Barbonia City!

Antonio Di Spagna, a true hero of the Contestation.

Returning to the chronological reconstruction of the events, on June 12, 1967, that is, the same day of the destruction of Barbonia City and the requisition of The Cave, Melchiorre Gerbino and Antonio Di Spagna coordinated to carry out the bluff of the Gathering of all Beats and Provos.
Melchiorre Gerbino asked Antonio Di Spagna to lead the Contestation in the center of Milan, to provoke strong tensions with the police. Meanwhile, Melchiorre Gerbino would have given interviews to tell the imminent arrival of thousands of Beats and Provos in Milan and Giuseppe Pinelli would have issued press releases, from Sacco e Vanzetti section, detailing the impending arrival in Milan many groups of Beats and Provos, from all Italy and from abroad.
So, Antonio Di Spagna provoked unrest in Piazza Duomo, where youths who had been evicted from Barbonia City, brought backpacks and sleeping bags and camped.
As Barbonia City field was manned by a battalion of paratroopers, Antonio Di Spagna formed teams of kamikazes, that is to say, youths who invaded the field. To capture them, the military had to run all around the meadow. It was then that the first manifestations of mass contestation have occurred, when some office workers, in shirt and tie, have invaded the field of Barbonia City, to live a moment of fame, as they were lit by the flashes of the photojournalists.
At night, when the soldiers had returned to their barracks, Antonio Di Spagna reoccupied the Barbonia City camp, along with many young people who gathered there.

(Various newspapers)
Antonio Di Spagna heading the Contestation day and night
Antonio Di Spagna headed the Contestation during the 3 crucial days which followed the destruction of Barbonia City.

Note the lower right picture. The picture is not of the best, however it is possible to see how the man, caught by the police and taken away from the field of Barbonia City, was in a shirt and tie. It was the moment when the Contestation spread from the youths of Mondo Beat to ordinary people. It was the beginning of mass contestation.

While Antonio Di Spagna led the Contestation, Melchiorre Gerbino gave interviews. To the question, asked by each journalist, what would be the turn of events, I replied that we were waiting for the arrival in Milan of fifty thousand young people. I didn't talk about it with enthusiasm, but as if I was distracted by other thoughts. Because of the credibility that the Movement had shown during its difficult path, journalists have believed that Milan would have been invaded by a mass of contestators.
Meanwhile, Giuseppe Pinelli sent press releases to newspapers, announcing the arrival in Milan of Beats and Provos. As these press releases originated from the Sacco e Vanzetti section, newspapers have reproduced excerpts of them. In these press releases, Giuseppe Pinelli would have described Beats and Provos moving towards Milan, first from various Italian cities, then from a geographical arc that extended from Palermo to London.

(La Notte, June 13, 1967)
They will gather at their Wailing Wall
La Notte about the arrival of Beats and Provos in Milan

La Notte "They will gather at their Wailing Wall. Longhairs of half Italy prepare a march towards the remains of Barbonia".
With some concern, La Notte also cited an extract from a press release by Pinelli, where it was stated that Beats and Provos were arriving to Milan from Palermo, Catania, Messina, Naples, Salerno, Rome, Florence, Carrara, Genoa and Turin, to re-occupy the Barbonia City lawn.

(Corriere della Sera, June 14, 1967)
The Magna Charta of the new tramps
Corriere della Sera about the arrival of Beats and Provos in Milan

In addition to the usual sentences of contempt for the Beats (see The Magna Charta of the new tramps), in this article we read: "A great gathering of all the Italian Beats and Provos is scheduled for tomorrow, Thursday, in Via Ripamonti. One of the promoters the event is Mondo Beat, the official magazine of the Movement, directed by Melchiorre Gerbino, who was found by the police in the tent city the other morning, together with his wife and a two-year-old son. But the headquarters of his magazine located in via Vicenza had to close because evicted by the owner".
Now, the headquarters of Mondo Beat magazine, namely The Cave, had to close not because evicted by the owner of the premises, but because requisitioned by the secret services. From this, you can understand to what extent the Corriere della Sera's indecency was and the reason why its headquarters had to be militarily protected, for years, from the wrath of the young Milanese.
But, at this point, what was interesting to consider was that, since the Corriere della Sera believed that a large number of Beats and Provos would invade Milan, everyone would have believed the same.

And in fact, at the Vatican, they went mad and fell into the trap!
And the Italian government was ordered to protect Milan militarily.



(Il Giorno, June 14, 1967)
Description of the police measures to contain the arrival of Beats and Provos in Milan
Il Giorno about the arrival of Beats and Provos in Milan.

Description by il Giorno of the police measures to contain the arrival of Beats and Provos "It is very likely that the police will prevent these guys from entering the city. Checkpoints will be set up at the entrance of Autostrada del Sole and other main roads leading to Milan and Central Station".

(La Notte, June 14, 1967)
All roads will be barred. Their manifestation will die at birth
La Notte about police measures to contain the arrival of Beats and Provos in Milan.

La Notte "All roads will be barred. In all likelihood, the police will set up checkpoints on all the main access roads to Milan, as well as on all motorways and the Central Station. Therefore, longhairs will be hindered to reach the city center and their manifestation will die at birth".

(Il Giorno, June 15, 1967)
The Beats await for reinforcements
Il Giorno about the commitment of the police to rake the streets of Milan and the suburbs.

Il Giorno wrote "If they keep their word, the longhairs of many Italian regions will hold their national meeting today in Milan. They will come? Have they already arrived on the sly? It's hard to say, because they can enter the city in many ways, by train, on foot, by hitchhiking. Longhairs rely on this reinforcement to organize a big event, a kind of congress in which the police cannot intervene. It is also said that they will focus on the famous Via Ripamonti field, where there was a battle between the Beats and the police last Saturday. Police deny that they have created checkpoints to prevent the Beats from entering the city, but it is a fact that yesterday many cars from Volante and police stations were busy raking the streets of the city and the suburbs".

In the last press release from Sacco e Vanzetti section, it was related that Beats and Provos intended to occupy central areas of Milan to permanently paralyze traffic, and that they would be joined by Beats and Provos from England, France and Switzerland, whose arrival in Milan was scheduled between June 16 and 18, and with that Giuseppe Pinelli tried to mobilize the soldiers for another 3 days, until the 18th, and indeed he succeeded.
Here an extract of this last release, published by La Notte: "In a letter sent to newspapers, the Provo Centre of Milan specifies the program for today. Rally in Piazza Cordusio at 10,30 am and half an hour later transfer to the field Via Ripamonti. At 2,30 pm, the beginning of the Assembly for the election of the new national leaders. At 5,30 pm the arrival from a delegation from Paris to the camp Via Ripamonti. At 7 pm, great celebrations in the camp.
The same letter from the Provo Centre announces a second program for Sunday 18 June, when 350 Beats from England, who now are in Lugano and Berne, will arrive in Milan. The arrival of these brothers will take place, between 1 and 2 pm, in Piazza Castello. Another group of Beats will arrive from Cannes, via Turin. A delegation from Genoa is also expected, while it is confirmed the arrival of representatives from Florence, Bologna and the province of Milan".

(La Notte, June 15, 1967)
La Notte reassured its readers on the efficiency of the Italian defense system
Giuseppe Pinelli's last press release, published by La Notte.

After Giuseppe Pinelli sent this alarming press release, La Notte assured its readers about the efficiency of the Italian defense system. That idiot, Nino Nutrizio, triumphantly announced that Milan was under military control, as the scorched earth was made of Beats and Provos (who, meanwhile, were having fun in the June sea, hundreds of miles away from Milan). Indeed, nobody would have come to Milan for the Gathering, because it was usual that, when Mondo Beat wanted youths to gather in Milan, then messengers were sent to the most charismatic Beats of the other cities, say, to Barba in Genoa and to Antonio Mariani in Monza... In fact, in Milan, the military were catching ordinary youths, who had nothing to deal with the Beats, except their hair a little long, since they followed fashion. The military caught also a half dozen dancers of the Lola Falana Ballet, believing they were Beats, and those dancers were beaten and thrown in prison, but then Lola freed them.

And on June 15, 1967, the largest Italian military operation, since the end of the Second World War, and the most ridiculous ever, was taking place in Milan.
Two battalions of paratroopers were deployed, one in Piazza Duomo, the other in the destroyed campsite of Barbonia City, while the army was on alert in the barracks.
All train stations were manned by the military.
Checkpoints were set up at the intersection of all roads and highways with the urban road network.
With blaring sirens, cars of police and carabinieri were running through the streets, where one would notice few people, since many remained at home, worried.
As he had already decided, Melchiorre Gerbino would have dissolved the Mondo Beat Movement on that same day, June 15. He did not disband the Movement on the 12th, the same day of Barbonia City's destruction, because he wanted 3 more days time to carry out the bluff of the Gathering of all Beats and Provos.
Alone, he took the decision of dissolving the Movement, since of the other two founders, Vittorio Di Russo was absent from the scene for a long time and Umberto Tiboni was in prison. But the decision was easy to take, because the Movement had two options left: armed struggle or dissolution.
So, in the early afternoon of June 15, I dissolved Mondo Beat in the Crota Piemunteisa, Via Pontaccio, the same tavern where, exactly 8 months earlier, the Movement had been founded. The dissolution was official, as it was attended by half a dozen writers and intellectuals, who had gathered for the event. On that occasion, all those who attended the event asked for the publication of more issues of Mondo Beat magazine. I was against it, because the Magazine, without the support of the Movement, no longer had any valence. But those intellectuals insisted and, in the end, I yielded to their insistence and authorized the publication of a last issue of the Magazine, which would have appeared in late July, whose pages are reproduced in a following chapter.
In conclusion. At the moment of the dissolution of the Movement, I had 60,000 Lire of Mondo Beat with me, which was the equivalent of the monthly salary of a postal worker. I decided to spend this money to fully enjoy the military show, which would have lasted until the 18th. So, late in the evening, when the soldiers rested after a day of frantic search for Beats and Provos, I met half a dozen of them in a restaurant near The Cave, to toast the memory of Mondo Beat and the health of the Contestation.
Indeed, a few weeks later, when the schools reopened, the Contestation would have exploded among Milanese students.
Then, at mass level in Italy.
Then, in France.
Then, here and there in the world.
Then, in Islamic societies (!) ... Then (?) ...
Yes, the Contestation would become intrinsic to the developments of the Global Village, since a new constant, promoted by the Contestation, that is, the readiness of the mass to affirm civil rights and the protection of the environment, now conditions the established power everywhere.

When I analyze my part in the history of the Contestation, I am of course proud to have formulated its models and to have tested them in the field, but I think that the most honorable and intelligent action, that I did, was to leave the scene when it was time.

Giseppe Pino Pinelli and Antonio Di Spagna, two main characters in the history of the Contestation
In memory of Giuseppe Pinelli and Antonio Di Spagna.

In this photo, Melchiorre Gerbino and Gunilla Unger are with Franco Sapi
Melchiorre Gerbino and Gunilla Unger leave Milan.


Their photos and their names    Photos of their actions
Those who made the history of the Mondo Beat Movement and gave birth to the Contestation.



Appendix to the history of Mondo Beat. "Mondo Beat N. 5" (Issue 7)
The clash between Mondo Beat and Wikipedia
On the interference of the Vatican in the history of Mondo Beat
On the interference of the Zionists in the course of the Contestation

Mondo Beat Story - Homepage