Home Page
English      Italiano      Español      Français

Milan, May 31 - June 15, 1967.

- Concomitantly with the Six-Day War, the Italian military destroy the Barbonia City campsite and occupy The Cave.

- Mondo Beat organizes the bluff of a "Rally in Milan of all Italian Beats and Provos". In the Vatican they go crazy and the Moro government is ordered to protect the city militarily.

- The largest military action, since the end of the Second World War, and the most ridiculous, takes place in Milan: against the Beats.

- A few weeks later, at the reopening of schools, the Contestation would explode among the Milanese students, then at mass level in Italy, then in France... then in Islamic societies (!)... then (?)... yes, the Contestation would become a constant in the developments of the Global Village.

June 1967 brought winds of war.
A Catholic priest in civilian clothes had come to pitch a tent in Barbonia City. He was not the kind of priest who contestated the Vatican, as he treated the young people with Christian benevolence. Dante Palla nicknamed him Father Spy.
Jean Cheko, a French Jew who sold rings at night in the bars of the Brera district, arrived in the mornings in Barbonia City in search of Melchiorre Gerbino. He tried to understand what kind of predisposition Melchiorre Gerbino had towards Israel.
Clearly, the two were agents, Father Spy of the Vatican, Jean Cheko of the Zionists. It was alarming that they had arrived at the same time, something critical was about to happen.
In fact, an armed conflict between Israelis and Arabs broke out on June 5.
Regarding this war, Mondo Beat could take no other position than neutrality, since the Israelis were supported by the Americans, the Arabs by the Russians. To be in solidarity with one part, no matter which, would have caused the implosion of the Contestation, which was about to spread at mass level. However, it would have been impossible to stay away from the consequences of this war, due to the intrigue of world interests behind it, which would have involved everyone, directly or indirectly, and a pacifist movement like Mondo Beat had to expect negative consequences.
Melchiorre Gerbino had foreseen that the Movement would give its best in October, November, December, after which it would have decreased and, consequently, the best would have been to dissolve Mondo Beat at the end of the year, to end in beauty. This, because the Base of Mondo Beat could no longer be renewed by those heroic youths who had formed it. New situations, created by the fact that the youths of Mondo Beat no longer had to face the police, made it impossible to see who was who. In fact, Mondo Beat was now joined by characters who pretended they were Beats coming from cities here and there, when actually they came from the carabinieri barracks and the police headquarters.
Speaking about Melchiorre Gerbino’s personal situation, when the Movement would have ended, Melchiorre Gerbino would have felt a sense of liberation, like liberation from a karma. If the goal of mass contestation would have been achieved, Melchiorre Gerbino would have felt a satisfactory sense of liberation, otherwise a sense of sad liberation, but however a sense of liberation.
To explain why. A year before the foundation of the Mondo Beat Movement, Melchiorre Gerbino and Gunilla Unger were on a trip from Sicily to France, when they stopped in Milan, as they had to take a train from there. They had 4 hours to spend before boarding that train to Paris, so during those hours they visited Milan. They have liked the city. Melchiorre Gerbino then remembered having an industrialist uncle in Milan, a brother of his mother, and he phoned him. He missed the train. He would have stayed 2 years in Milan instead of 4 hours. But at the end of the Mondo Beat karma, he would have returned to his journeys, this was certain. So if it is true that he would not have acted to shorten the existence of the Movement, on the other hand he would not have tried to prolong its existence to obtain personal benefits from this, let's say, to be elected MP of the Italian Parliament. In fact, hell had already happened between him and his father, because he did not want to be a member of the Italian Parliament, but he wanted to travel to see the world.


Returning now to the chronological order of the events, the 3 newspapers, Corriere dela Sera, Corriere d'informazione, La Notte, which had given us respite for a few days - the time they needed to organize a new campaign against us - returned to attack, La Notte, on June 8, Corriere della Sera, on June 9.

The Vatican maneuvered a socialist councilman, Paride Accetti, against Mondo Beat
A political maneuver against Barbonia City.

The news was about a girl 16 years old, who had run away from home, found by her uncle in Barbonia City, who had refused to return home and was taken by the police to a juvenile prison.
In addition, the two newspapers announced that a Socialist councilman had submitted a question to the mayor of Milan, asking about the kind of actions to be taken to put an end to the scandalous existence of Barbonia City.
The fact that a member of the Socialist party, a party in government, had officially taken position against Mondo Beat, meant that the Moro government was about to take action against the Movement. Of course, the Vatican had not asked a Christian Democrat councilman to promote an action against Barbonia City, because then people would have easily understood that the Vatican was behind this, instead the Vatican would have maneuvered a "socialist" lacquered councilman, such Paride Accetti.
In fact, in the time of Mondo Beat, 90% of Italians who engaged in politics did it for their personal benefit. All of them would have preferred to have a profitable place in the Christian Democratic Party (Democrazia Cristiana) which was in government from one administration to another, otherwise in any other political party, for the same purpose. They made passionate speeches about freedom and justice, while for their personal advantage, they were ready to serve power with the lowest tricks. Paride Accetti was one of them.

Milan, June 10, 1967 - Military attack against Barbonia City

In the early afternoon of June 10, while Melchiorre Gerbino was holding an interview in his tent, gunshots were heard nearby, while many police sirens sounded.
Melchiorre Gerbino came out of his tent, as did his interviewer, who proved not to be a journalist, but a secret agent, who went to the big tarpaulin in which it was written "Good people, the Corriere della Sera tells you bullshit!" and with a knife he cut the ropes and dragged the tarpaulin away
There was pandemonium in the camp. Half a dozen corpulent policemen were fighting, with karate moves, against half a dozen vigorous Beats, never seen before in Barbonia City. Meanwhile, dozens of common policemen chased boys and girls, most of them in swimsuits, handcuffed them and took them to police vans.
Outside the campsite, on the side of the petrol station square, a team of carabinieri climbed up the barbed wire fence. Behind the carabinieri, among the spectators who crowded there, secret service agents, disguised as workers and family men, incited people aloud to invade the campsite and burn the tents.
In this pandemonium, Gunilla Unger, holding little Nino in her arms, reached the police commissioner Ludovico Reale, who was at the head of the military operation, and asked him to protect the tents. Ludovico Reale was surprised by the arrival of Gunilla Unger and the photojournalists, who took pictures of him together with her. So he decided to leave Gunilla Unger herself and some policemen to protect the tents, while all other people in the campsite, including myself, were handcuffed and taken to the police headquarters.

At the end of the afternoon I was released by the police headquarters. On the reason why Melchiorre Gerbino was released, they declared to the press "Because he said words of peace while the battle was raging in the campsite". But in reality - in addition to being the director of a duly registered magazine - I was released because the Vatican and the Zionists feared that without my leadership, which was equidistant from the two blocs, the Movement could have flanked Soviet positions, when the war still raged between Israelis and Arabs.

Back in Barbonia City, I noticed how the campsite had stubbornly revived, as many students had rushed there and other people. But it was clear to me how they had inflicted a deadly blow on Mondo Beat, because sixteen of its most committed personalities had been speciously imprisoned, including Umberto Tiboni. But the tents had been saved thanks to the cold blood of Gunilla Unger.
At the same time as my arrival, Giuseppe Pinelli also arrived at the campsite. He told me how an impressive number of plainclothes police had been deployed near The Cave. Pinelli suggested collecting the material to be saved and storing it in the anarchist section Sacco e Vanzetti. So he would have returned to Barbonia City the next morning with a friend of his who had a car, to collect the material from The Cave. The day ahead was a Sunday and the Italian system rested on Sunday, so we had a day to act, almost certainly the last day before the destruction of the Mondo Beat structures.

At night, I reflected on what had happened.
The story they had invented, to justify the military attack, was that Mrs. Emma Giovannini had come to Barbonia City to bring her son Maurizio home, but she had been prevented from entering the campsite and had called the police; when a police car arrived at the campsite, it was greeted by stone throwing, so they had to mobilize more men and since a fierce battle would have raged in the campsite, also the carabinieri had to be mobilized.
However, the fiction of the fight between corpulent policemen against other policemen disguised as Beats and the masquerade of agents disguised as workers and family men, who had incited people to invade the campsite and burn the tents, had not worked, because not even one person had invaded the campsite to set fire to the tents, although there were hundreds of persons. At the police headquarters, they had hoped that at least one person would invade the campsite, so that the agents disguised as workers and family men would have invaded the campsite together with that person and set fire to the tents. In the end, that person would have been arrested. Then, at the police headquarters, they would have invented a great story about the many others who had set fire to the tents but had escaped capture. But at least one person, who was not a secret agent, had to be arrested and shown to the public by the media. But their plan had failed.
Furthermore, it was now clear that the police headquarters had planned the destruction of Barbonia City in coordination with Corriere della Sera, Corriere d'Informazione and La Notte, because in the recently published articles against the Movement, the 3 newspapers had insistently related that fathers of underage youths were furious and wanted to set fire to the tents, while in Barbonia City we had no perception at all of such an attitude on the part of family men, given that they could come in the campsite and get out as they pleased.
And even more, it was clear that the Police Headquarters was coordinated with Corriere della Sera, Corriere d'Informazione and La Notte since journalists of these 3 newspapers arrived at the same time as the police, while journalists from other newspapers would have arrived too late to witness the event, as all the operation would have lasted 40 minutes.
Now, considering another aspect, that is, the proportion of the military operation, an operation in which more than one hundred men had participated, could not have been promoted if it were not by order of the Moro government. Aldo Moro, who was disguised as a progressive politician, was actually a devious servant of the Vatican. Surely he was ordered to destroy Mondo Beat's structures when the war between Israelis and Arabs caused so much clamor that it would have dampened the clamor of the destruction of Barbonia City. So, it was easy to foresee that the military would have returned very soon, to definitely destroy the campsite.
Since this seemed to be the real situation in which Mondo Beat was, I thought there was nothing better to do than to act so that the destruction of the structures of Mondo Beat would have raised as much clamor as possible. In order to achieve this result, I decided to bluff. I conceived an imaginative gathering, in Barbonia City, of Beats and Provos from all over Italy. If in the Vatican they would have become hysterical in apprehending such a news, they would have asked Aldo Moro to protected Milan from such a barbarian invasion. If so, hundreds of soldiers had to be mobilized to set checkpoints at the junctions of all the roads which connected Milan with the surrounding territory, and hundreds of other soldiers, of special forces, and not, had to be ready to physically engage against the invaders... If the bluff did not work, because they would have realized that in the summertime you cannot make a revolution in Italy, then I had nothing to lose, since Mondo Beat was destined to end in any case. But if they had fallen into the trap, a prolonged military action and, consequently, an extensive media coverage of it, would have accelerated the times for mass contestation.
So, I conceived a flyer with which I called Beats and Provos to rally in Barbonia City almost immediately, that is, starting from June 15.
At candle light, in my tent, while Gunilla and Nino were asleep, I have typewritten this flyer several times, making copies each time with carbon paper.

(anastatic copy)
Imaginative Rally of Beats and Provos from all over Italy
A leaflet intended to cause massive military intervention in Milan

As you can see, Melchiorre Gerbino had mentioned sexual freedom, this would have bothered the holy men of the Vatican, because if people have spontaneous sexual relations, they no longer perceive the suffering of the Holy Cross, which is the basic business of the Holy See.
And then, since the 3 newspapers had exaggerated with descriptions of open air copulation by the Beats in the lawn of Barbonia City, I hoped that the holy men in the Vatican would evoke, in their minds, a Milan invaded by orgiastic Beats who would copulate in the corners of all the streets, if they had not been prevented from entering the city.

Milan, 11 June 1967 - The last day of Barbonia City and The Cave

The morning of June 11, when Giuseppe Pinelli arrived with a car to retrieve the material to be kept in the anarchist section Sacco and Vanzetti, Melchiorre Gerbino told him about the bluff he had planned.
Also Pinelli was certain of an imminent military attack to destroy the structures of Mondo Beat and agreed that the best thing to do was to prolong the military action as much as possible, causing contrariety in the people and speeding up the times of mass contestation.
So, to implement the bluff, I asked Pinelli to issue, from the anarchist section Sacco and Vanzetti, imaginative press releases on the imminent arrival in Milan of Beats and Provos from all over Italy and from abroad. In fact, for the success of the bluff, it was essential that these imaginative press releases originated from the anarchist section Sacco and Vanzetti, to be credible, because it was a very serious organization, frequented by old characters who had participated in the Spanish Civil War.
Giuseppe Pinelli, who was the trustee of the Sacco e Vanzetti anarchist section, promised that he would have issued such press releases and would have sent them to the main newspapers.
In The Cave, while planning the bluff together, Giuseppe Pinelli and Melchiorre Gerbino hurried to collect the material to be saved. They also collected thousands of copies of the latest issue of the Magazine, to take them to Barbonia City. These were the copies of which Gerbino had stopped the massive sale, to distribute them over time, until early October. Given what was occurring, now it was urgent to distribute them for free.

That Sunday, June 11, that is, the day after the military attack, Barbonia City was more alive than ever. There were a lot of Beats, Provos, students and all kinds of people.
At noon, Melchiorre Gerbino brought together young people who wanted to distribute the Magazine outside of Milan. To each of them, I gave for free one hundred copies of the Magazine and some leaflets of the "Rally of all Beats and Provos" and I assigned each of them an immediate destination for a city of their choice. So, I got rid of more than 5,000 copies of the Magazine and sent away more than 50 young people, so that neither the young people nor the copies ended up in the impending military incursion. Finally, I made sure that some copies of the leaflet of the "Rally of all Beats and Provos" fell into the hands of police informants, particularly those of Antonio Sottosanti, Nino the Fascist, who surely would have rushed to police headquarters to deliver the leaflet. And in fact, a few hours after Nino the Fascist had received the leaflet, the Corriere della Sera came out with an extraordinary edition. Corriere della Sera did it very seldom. And this extraordinary edition was, in all its pages, similar to the edition that had appeared in the morning, but in the article on Barbonia City there was one more detail, that of the Rally of all Beats and Provos. So, Nino the Fascist, immediately after receiving the leaflet, had rushed to the police headquarters to deliver it and the police headquarters had immediately informed the Corriere della Sera, who would have published an extraordinary edition to tell about the Rally of all Beats and Provos (Corriere della Sera, the most authoritative Italian newspaper, would not be the best informed either!?)

In the Corriere della Sera they believed that the imaginative Rally of all the Beats and Provos would actually take place and they fell into the trap
Corriere della Sera - extraordinary edition - June 11, 1967

So, they had believed that this imaginary gathering would really happen and they had fallen into the trap. Melchiorre Gerbino lived one of the moments of greatest joy in his life.

Some Comments:
1) In this article it is written that a police officer had to shoot in the air to protect himself. In reality, the 3 shots, which were fired near my tent at the beginning of the military operation, were a signal for the secret agent, disguised as a journalist, who was interviewing me, to get out of the tent and cut the threads of the tarpaulin "Good people, Corriere della Sera tells you bullshit!", to drag the tarpaulin away before the photojournalists had taken pictures, a job that a uniformed policeman could not do.
2) It reads that seven police officers were wounded and had to seek medical attention. The farce of injured cops is the handbook of all police operations conducted in Italy against unarmed pacifists. Unarmed pacifists, after being brutally beaten, are licking their wounds, while the cops, who have beaten them, go to seek medical attention. This is one of the many shameful farces of this Vatican protectorate, which is post-fascist Italy.
3) Now, if you remember, the question is still open as to why Adriano Carminati, the fascist activist, had arrived in Barbonia City with a large gas cylinder and Corriere della Sera had described him as the cook of the campsite. In reality, Adriano Carminati was supposed to detonate the gas cylinder when the field would have been invaded by the military. And he had lit a fire before the military arrived. And when the military raided the campsite, he kept the gas cylinder raised in the air and threatened to detonate it if the military did not withdraw from the campsite. But Adriano Carminati eventually avoided carrying out the order he had received from the secret services and did not detonate the gas cylinder. And after the destruction of Barbonia City, in which he did not participate, he wanted Melchiorre Gerbino to know that he was sorry for the destruction, because he had loved the time he had spent at the campsite.

Next, other articles, dated June 11, 1967, on the military attack against Barbonia City

Due to intelligence ties with the police headquarters, Corriere della Sera learned of the military attack on Barbonia City in advance and, in turn, informed the Corriere d'Informazione and La Notte. Journalists and photojournalists of these 3 newspapers would have arrived in Barbonia City with the military and would have been the only ones to witness the events. Obviously, they would have told lies to those of other newspapers, telling of "thugs" and "furious battle". So on the same day of the attack, all the newspapers reportedly wrote of a furious battle. But there were hundreds of onlookers who had attended the events and the truth would soon be known by all the Milanese and then by all the Italians. And since Barbonia City was loved by all young Italians, because ideally each of them in Barbonia City had a piece of land to install a tent, the arbitrary attack and the destruction of Barbonia City would have been the ultimate factor in triggering the Contestation, first broadly among the students, then at mass level

The journalist who wrote this article made it clear that the attack on Barbonia City had been planned
The military attack against Barbonia City described by Il Giorno

Il Giorno had openly sympathized with the Movement, so the journalist who wrote this article made it clear to the intelligent readers of the newspaper that the attack on Barbonia City had been planned. In a subtitle of the article, which everyone would have noticed, he wrote "A mother calls the police because the son refuses to follow her: a police car (pantera) arrives, then another 21". As at that time, the police headquarters in Milan did not have more than 25 cars, it was impossible for 22 of them to arrive one after another in 10 minutes, if the operation had not been planned with precision. In addition, it was understandable that the military operation had been planned, because it took place in the early hours of a Saturday afternoon, between 2 and 3 pm, when activities in the city were minimal, so that almost all police cars could be assigned to attack Barbonia City and finish the operation in half an hour.

This article was full of subtle falsities, referred as acquired facts.
The military attack against Barbonia City described by L'Unità

This article was full of subtle falsities, referred as acquired facts. The "battle" in the campsite, that is to say, the hunt for young people in swimsuits by the police had lasted 40 minutes and not an hour and a half.
The Communists, of which L'Unità was the official newspaper, initially defended Mondo Beat, in the illusion that they would absorb the Movement. Now, having lost that hope and having noticed that Mondo Beat remained neutral towards Israelis and Arabs, L'Unità began to put the Movement in a bad light and finally would adopt the same negative position as the government media.

A mountain of lies for discrediting the youths of the Mondo Beat Movement
The military attack against Barbonia City described by La Notte

A mountain of lies for discrediting the youths of the Mondo Beat Movement.
Nino Nutrizio, the editorial director of La Notte, was a sports journalist who had been given the direction of this newspaper. He continuously tried to confuse the story of Mondo Beat and he did with such moral baseness that nothing else can be said about him except that he was a piece of shit. An example: he would have written that Gunilla Unger was married to Vitttorio Di Russo.

Next, a collage of photos from various newspapers

The destruction of Barbonia City was urgently ordered by the Vatican during the Six-Day War
Photos of the military attack on Barbonia City, taken on June 10, 1967

Specimens of the local fauna
Corriere della Sera deriding the Beats, "Some specimens of the local fauna", referring to youths arrested in the attack on Barbonia City.

The caption reads "Melchiorre Gerbino, the bearded preacher of the «Beat» world, was released by the police, while Maurizio Busnari, next to him in the photo, was arrested. He is the boy who had escaped from home, because of whom there was a battle yesterday". With this caption, the Corriere della Sera considered how a naive boy was imprisoned while the preacher who perverted the youths, Melchiorre Gerbino, was instead released.

I will now reproduce an article from the Corriere della Sera in which, in addition to the rest, there is evidence of the intelligence ties of this newspaper with the Milan police headquarters.

(Corriere della Sera, June 12, 1967)

The Corriere della Sera intelligence ties with the Milan police headquarters

In this article, Corriere della Sera published the following text: "The «operation longhairs» will take place this morning at sunrise. At 5,30 am, a hundred agents from Scalo Romana police station, from Mobile Team and Celere will surround «New Barbonia», the «Beat» village where a violent battle between criminals and police took place on Saturday afternoon. By order of the deputy prosecutor, Dr. Veltri...".
Note that Corriere della Sera printed this edition in the early hours of that night, when the military men who would have raided the Tent City were still sleeping in their beds. This proves, without a shadow of a doubt, that the Corriere della Sera constantly had operational intelligence ties with the Milan police headquarters.
Now, if it is obvious that in the editorial staff of main newspapers there are people who work with the dual role of journalists and intelligence agents, however this kind of activity shouldn't be shown to the public as something to be proud for, as the Corriere della Sera did. But, as I have already mentioned, in the Corriere della Sera there were southerners who suffered from the omnipotence complex, while the northerners, dad's children, were catching butterflies. And, as a consequence, the Corriere della Sera would have been overwhelmed by mass contestation and would have been reduced, from an international reference newspaper, as it was then, to a second-rate newspaper, as it is today.

To say more about this article, there is to tell about sacrilegious marriages and outdoor fellatio practices, which took place in the Barbonia City in the presence of several Beats, of which Corriere della Sera gave descriptions and published photos. There was a certain Enrico Boetti, sent to The Cave by the Corriere della Sera, to do dirty work, who had persuaded Melchiorre Gerbino and Umberto Tiboni to register him as the responsible of the campsite, at the time of renting the land. Gerbino and Tiboni did it, because the first had the responsibility of the Magazine over him, the second of its headquarters. Then, taking advantage of their temporary absence from Barbonia City, which occurred every day when Gerbino and Tiboni went to The Cave, Enrico Boetti would have arranged this kind of scoop of which Corriere della Sera would have published the photos. Furthermore, Enrico Boetti would have introduced, to photojournalists and television cameramen, a secret agent disguised as a Beat, Jonathan, as if he was a main character in Barbonia City, when he was nothing. In addition, the 3 newspapers would have written here and there about Jonathan, in the purpose of making him a notorious character. Melchiorre Gerbino, who had not noticed anything of this, must thank the Six-Day War if he didn't die, or was not badly injured in some accident, as they had already prepared Jonathan to replace him. But thanks to that war, the Vatican would have pressured for the destruction of Barbonia City, because the great clamor raised by that war would have dampened the clamor that the destruction of Barbonia City would have raised. Therefore, the Vatican would have asked Italian prime minister Aldo Moro to act quickly. And in fact, 40 hours after the secret services had failed to burn the tents in Barbonia City, the tents were burned by order of the judiciary and the campsite was manned by a battalion of paratroopers. Three days after these events, Melchiorre Gerbino would have dissolved the Mondo Beat Movement and therefore there would no longer have been the conditions to involve him in an accident, to put Jonathan in his place. Instead, Jonathan would soon be assigned the most stressful job of his career, that of containing on the streets the Contestation that Melchiorre Gerbino had sparked.

I publish below a link to a documentary from the Swiss television RSI, that focused on a reception Jack Kerouac had in a bookstore in Lugano and also on The Cave and Barbonia City. No matter if you don't understand Italian, as you will however notice that Enrico Boetti is that piece of shit that in Barbonia City united in marriage the secret agent Jonathan, disguised as Beat, and a female who looked like a plainclothes policewoman, rather than a girl from the Movement.
La nostra storia (Our history).

A few days after the destruction of Barbonia City, I went to Lugano to give an interview to the same Swiss television of which the link above. On that occasion, I would have denied blood marriages, or marriages of any kind, in Barbonia City. This interview sparked controversy in Switzerland because, as a result, it would have been suspected that the Swiss journalist who made scoop of marriages in Barbonia City was in league with those who had fabricated those events. But only after the year 2067, that is, hundred years after I gave it, this interview will be shown again, as the matter I treated is sensitive. In fact, when all believed that, because of the destruction of Barbonia City, the history of Mondo Beat was a closed chapter, I declared that young Italians felt offended by the military destruction of Mondo Beat's structures and, consequently, there would have been huge contestations, first among the Milanese students, then among young Italians in general. Since the Vatican is still in shock due to the mass contestation whose events I had foreseen, it does not want to hear about this, consequently you have to wait a little longer before you can watch that interview.

Destruction of Barbonia City - Milan, June 12, 1967

The attack on Barbonia City was conducted illegally, because the raid started during the night and the military could not have raided before dawn, according to the law of that time.
Ordered by deputy prosecutor Adolfo Veltri, without any legal support but because compelled by "morality", the destruction of the campsite was carried out by hundreds of policemen, carabinieri, intelligence agents and employees of the Office of Health.
When the raid occurred, there were 54 people on the campsite, among whom were secret agents and police informers. The hundreds of young people who used to attend Barbonia City were well aware that there would be a raid and had moved away.

Some pictures of the destruction of Barbonia City

After the campers were arrested, their belongings were burned or taken to waste
Pictures of the destruction of Barbonia City - Milan, June 12, 1967

Articles on the destruction of Barbonia City and the requisition of The Cave, selected among those of the reactionary press

The event of the military annihilation of the structures of the Mondo Beat Movement was widely covered by the press. The most disparate people and publications have written on the subject, from Salvatore Quasimodo, winner of the Nobel prize for literature, to the Berkeley Barb. I wish to reproduce here four articles, those which, because of their unbearable hypocrisy and their bad faith, would have helped to trigger mass contestation. These are articles written by idiots who did not realize that their publications were on the verge of the precipice of their extinction.

La Notte had no perception at all that would have failed for lack of readers
Description of the destruction of Barbonia City by La Notte

In this article were concentrated all the lies against the Beats that La Notte had invented throughout its campaign against them. And in this article, La Notte manifested how proud it was of this campaign. The idiot who wrote this article did not suspect that La Notte had lost its credibility with its regular readers, who would have turned to other more serious newspapers. Indeed, due to a continuous decline in its readers, La Notte had to suspend its publications forever.

The Contestation would have overwhelmed the Corriere d'Informazione to the annihilation
Description of the destruction of Barbonia City by the Corriere d'Informazione

Due to the tsunami provoked by the Contestation, the Corriere d'Informazione would also have failed for lack of readers. It was the second most important newspaper of the Crespi Group, after the Corriere della Sera. As I said before, the Crespi Group was by far the most important publishing group in Italy. The Corriere d'Informazione was created immediately after the Second World War, when the publication of the Corriere della Sera had to be suspended for a while, because that newspaper had flanked the fascist regime. When the Corriere della Sera was allowed to reappear, the Corriere d’Informazione was not suspended, as it had many readers. The Contestation would have overwhelmed it to the annihilation.

Because of the Contestation, the Crespi Group, after a a chain of bankruptcies, would disappear from the scene
Description of the destruction of Barbonia City by a magazine of the Crespi Group

This article was published by a magazine belonging to the powerful Crespi Group, whose Corriere della Sera and Corriere d'Informazione had constantly attacked Mondo Beat.
Due to situations created by the Contestation, such as the attention paid to a broader and more diversified culture, manifested first by the mass of young people, then by the mass in general, the Crespi Group, due to mediocrity of its intellectuals, was unable to keep up with the times and would have passed from one bankruptcy to another, until disappearing from the scene and even from memory, because the power, mortified, would have removed any reference to the Crespi Group.
(In this article, Antonio Di Spgna is photographed walking away with some of his possessions recovered before the destruction of the Tent City).

Because of the Contestation, the premises of Corriere della Sera had to be protected, for years, by the military
Description of the destruction of Barbonia City by the Corriere della Sera

With the destruction of Mondo Beat's structures, the Corriere della Sera believed that the game was over and had won it. Instead, a few weeks after the destruction of Barbonia City, the Corriere della Sera was overwhelmed by mass contestation. First, the Milanese students of all the institutes and universities, then other people, both young and old, expressed public resentment towards the Corriere della Sera. People felt offended by that dominant attitude shown by the Corriere della Sera and by those obvious lies it told, treating people as if they were stupid. Such was the popular resentment that the headquarters of the Corriere della Sera had to be protected, for years, by the military, as everyone could see.
The journalist Indro Montanelli, a traitor who changed position with every change of wind, left the Corriere della Sera, where he had played the supreme intellectual, and founded a new daily, Il Giornale, subtracting readers from Corriere della Sera. Furthermore, the growing discontent of the common readers of Corriere della Sera would have created market conditions for the founding of another newspaper, La Repubblica, whose readers would have increased so exponentially that they would soon have been more numerous than those of Corriere della Sera. However, this would not have created more democracy in Italy, since La Repubblica fell into the hands of the Zionists who, not surprisingly, would have done the dirtiest jobs for the Vatican.
In conclusion, before this blind campaign against the renewal of Italian society, the Corriere della Sera was an international reference newspaper. Today is a newspaper of second rank and it seems to me that it is on the verge of bankruptcy.


The annihilation of the structures of the Mondo Beat Movement was considered, by the great majority of Italians, as an injustice, worsened by the worst sort of lies to justify it. People knew well that the Beats were kind youths, not criminals. Their influence on Italian society was so great that they had conquered the world of music and fashion. The fact that the Movement was attended by young people of all social classes, fraternizing with one another, in an age in which the class struggle dominated politics, was understood by the mass of Italians as a sign of civic maturity. The fact that Italian women emancipated themselves because of this wind of renewal was a historic event... Of course, the holy men in the Vatican were terrorized. But the strategy that the Vatican adopted to stifle the wind of renewal, instead of stifling the wind, had empowered it. And regarding Mondo Beat, if in the Vatican they had believed that with the destruction of its structures the game was over, well, then they had nurtured easy illusions.

On 12 June, i.e. the same day of the destruction of Barbonia City and the requisition of The Cave by the secret services, Melchiorre Gerbino made known to Antonio Di Spagna his planned bluff of an imaginary gathering in Milan of Beats and Provos from all over Italy.
Melchiorre Gerbino asked Antonio Di Spagna to head the Contestation in the center of Milan, to cause strong tensions with the police. Meanwhile, Melchiorre Gerbino would have granted interviews telling of the imminent arrival in Milan of thousands of Beats and Provos, while Giuseppe Pinelli would have emanated press releases, from the Sacco e Vanzetti section, describing in details the imminent arrival in Milan of many groups of Beats and Provos.
Melchiorre Gerbino, Giuseppe Pinelli and Antonio Di Spagna had three days time to make the bluff successful, from the 12th to 14th. If on the 15th, i.e. the day of the beginning of the imaginary gathering of all the Beats and Provos, the city was not presided by the military, it would have meant that the bluff had not worked.
Finally, whatever the outcome of the bluff, Melchiorre Gerbino would have dissolved the Mondo Beat Movement on June 15th. Of the 3 founders, Vittorio Di Russo absent from the scene for a long time, Umberto Tiboni imprisoned, the case wanted him to make decisions alone. But it was easy to make decisions, since Mondo Beat had two options left: armed struggle or dissolution.

Antonio Di Spagna, a true hero of the Contestation.

As he was a true anarchist and his aim was to promote mass contestation, Antonio Di Spagna acted accordingly. He promoted contestations in Piazza Duomo, where people who had been evicted from Barbonia City, and others who wanted to join them in protest, have brought backpacks and sleeping bags and have camped.
As the field of Barbonia City was manned by the military, Antonio Di Spagna promoted teams of kamikazes, that is, youths who invaded the field. To capture them, the military had to run all around the meadow. It was then that manifestations of mass contestation have occurred for the first time, when some office workers, in shirt and tie, have invaded the field of Barbonia City, to live a moment of fame, as they were lit by the flashes of the photojournalists.
At night, when the soldiers had returned to their barracks, Antonio Di Spagna reoccupied the field of Barbonia City, together with many youths who gathered there.

Antonio Di Spagna heading the Contestation day and night
Antonio Di Spagna headed the Contestation during those 3 crucial days which followed the destruction of Barbonia City

Note the lower right picture. The picture is not of the best, however it is possible to see how the man, caught by the police and taken away from the field of New Barbonia, was in a shirt and tie. It was the moment when the Contestation spread from the youths of Mondo Beat to ordinary people. It was the beginning of mass contestation.


During those three crucial days which followed the destruction of Barbonia City, Melchiorre Gerbino granted many interviews. To the question, posed by every journalist, which the turn of events would be, I answered that we were waiting for the arrival in Milan of fifty thousand youths. I haven't talked about it with emphasis, but as if I was distracted by other thoughts. Due to the credibility that the Movement had shown along its difficult path, journalists have really believed that fifty thousand Beats and Provos would invade Milan.
While I granted the interviews, Giuseppe Pinelli sent press releases to newspapers, announcing the arrival in Milan of Beats and Provos. As these press releases originated from the anarchist section Sacco e Vanzetti, the newspapers have reproduced excerpts of them. In these press releases, Giuseppe Pinelli described Beats and Provos moving towards Milan from a geographic arc extended from Palermo to London.
At the Vatican, they went mad and fell into the trap.

They will gather at their Wailing Wall
La Notte on the arrival of Beats and Provos in Milan

La Notte "They will gather at their Wailing Wall. Longhairs of half Italy prepare a march towards the remains of Barbonia".
With some concern, La Notte cited also an extract from Pinelli's press releases, in which longhairs were described moving towards Milan from Palermo, Catania, Messina, Naples, Salerno, Rome, Florence, Carrara, Genoa, Turin.

The Magna Charta of the new tramps
Corriere della Sera on the arrival of Beats and Provos in Milan

In this article, apart from the usual sentences of contempt for the Beats (see The Magna Charta of the new tramps), we read: "A great gathering of all the Italian Beats and Provos is scheduled for tomorrow Thursday in Via Ripamonti. One of the promoters of the event is Mondo Beat, the official magazine of the Movement, directed by Melchiorre Gerbino, who was found by the police in the tent city the other morning, along with his wife and two-year-old son. But the headquarters of his magazine, located in via Vicenza, had to close because it was evicted by the owner".
Now, the headquarters of Mondo Beat magazine, that is, The Cave, has had to close not because evicted by the owner of the premises, but because requisitioned by the Italian secret services. From this, you can understand the indecency of the Corriere della Sera and the reason why its headquarters had to be militarily protected, for years, from the wrath of the Milanese youths.

But, at this point, what is important to consider is that, since Corriere della Sera had believed that a large number of Beats and Provos would invade Milan, people would all have believed the same, except for Melchiorre Gerbino, Giuseppe Pinelli, Antonio Di Spagna and Dante Palla, who knew it was a bluff. Otherwise, when at Mondo Beat we organized events, as the Rally to Contestate the Establishment, and we wanted as many youths as possible to gather in Milan, we have sent messengers to the most representative Beat of each city, as to Barba in Genoa, for example. That is, we have acted in the most discrete ways, for taking the Establishment by surprise. But, as what happened with Mondo Beat was unprecedented, it is understandable that people of the Establishment didn't understand in advance.

Description of the police measures to contain the arrival of Beats and Provos in Milan
Il Giorno on the arrival of Beats and Provos in Milan

Description by il Giorno of the police measures to contain the arrival of Beats and Provos "It is very likely that the police will prevent these guys from entering the city. Checkpoints will be set up at the entrance of Autostrada del Sole and other main roads leading to Milan and Central Station".

All roads will be barred. Their manifestation will die at birth
La Notte on police measures to contain the arrival of Beats and Provos

La Notte "All roads will be blocked. In all likelihood, the police will set up checkpoints on all the main access roads to Milan, as well as on all motorways and the Central Station. Therefore, longhairs will be hindered to reach the city center and their manifestation will die at birth".

The Beats await for reinforcements
Il Giorno on the commitment of the police to rake the streets of Milan and the suburbs

Il Giorno wrote "If they keep their word, the long hairs of many Italian regions will hold their national meeting today in Milan. They will come? Have they already arrived on the sly? It's hard to say, because they can enter the city in many ways, by train, on foot, by hitchhiking. Longhairs rely on this reinforcement to organize a big event, a kind of congress in which the police cannot intervene. It is also said that they will focus on the famous Via Ripamonti field, where there was a battle between the Beats and the police last Saturday. Police deny that they have created checkpoints to prevent the Beats from entering the city, but it is a fact that yesterday many cars from Volante and police stations were busy raking the streets of the city and suburbs".

La Notte triumphantly announcing that Milano was under military control
Giuseppe Pinelli ended his commitment by sending an alarming press release.

In this article, La Notte published the last press release by Giuseppe Pinelli. Here, an extract from it:
"In a letter sent to newspapers, the Provo Centre of Milan specifies the program for today. Rally in Piazza Cordusio at 10,30 am and half an hour later transfer to the field Via Ripamonti. At 2,30 pm, the beginning of the Assembly for the election of the new national leaders. At 5,30 pm the arrival from a delegation from Paris to the camp Via Ripamonti. At 7 pm, great celebrations in the camp.
The same letter from the Provo Centre announces a second program for Sunday 18 June, when 350 Beats from England, who now are in Lugano and Berne, will arrive in Milan. The arrival of these brothers will take place, between 1 and 2 pm, in Piazza Castello. Another group of Beats will arrive from Cannes, via Turin. A delegation from Genoa is also expected, while it is confirmed the arrival of representatives from Florence, Bologna and the province of Milan".
On the 14th, Giuseppe Pinelli issued this final press release on the arrival of Beats and Provos, in which it was made clear that they intended to occupy and paralyze the strategic areas of Milan (to avenge the destruction of Barbonia City).
And on the 15th, the largest military operation that could be remembered since the end of the Second World War was taking place in Milan.
Two battalions of paratroopers were deployed, one in Piazza Duomo, the other in the camp of Barbonia City, while the army was on alert in the barracks.
All train stations in Milan were manned by the military.
Checkpoints were set up at the junction of roads and highways with the urban road network.
Cars of police and carabinieri ran along the streets with blaring sirens.
Many Milanese, worried, stayed at home.
While the Italian post-fascist power was giving this unforgettable show of its ridiculousness, La Notte triumphantly announced that the military had Milan under control.

As for me, I had with me £ 60,000 of Mondo Beat, which was equivalent to the monthly salary of a postal employee. I decided to liquidate this money in a few days time, the time to enjoy the military show. So, late in the evening, when the soldiers rested after a day of frantic searches for Beats and Provos, I met half a dozen Beats and Provos in a restaurant near The Cave, to toast the memory of Mondo Beat and the health of the Contestation... and a few weeks later, at the reopening of schools, the Contestation would explode among the Milanese students, then at mass level in Italy, then in France... then in Islamic societies (!)... then (?)... yes, the Contestation would become a constant in the developments of the Global Village.

Giseppe Pino Pinelli and Antonio Di Spagna, two main characters in the history of the Contestation
In memory of Giuseppe Pinelli and Antonio Di Spagna


On June 15, 1967, Melchiorre Gerbino officially dissolved the Mondo Beat Movement in the Taverna Crota Piemunteisa, in the presence of journalists and intellectuals.

Those who made the history of the Mondo Beat Movement

Those who gave birth to the Contestation    Those who gave birth to the Contestation

History of Mondo Beat - Chapter 15