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Milan, first half of June 1967.

- The destruction of Mondo Beat, the triumph of the Contestation.



June 1967 brought winds of war.
A Catholic priest in civilian clothes came to pitch a tent in Barbonia City. He was not the kind of priest who contestated the Vatican, as he treated the young people with Christian benevolence. Dante Palla nicknamed him Father Spy.
Jean Cheko, a French Jew who sold rings at night in the bars of the Brera district, arrived in the morning in Barbonia City in search of Melchiorre Gerbino. He tried to understand what kind of predisposition Melchiorre Gerbino had towards Israel.
Clearly, the two were agents, Father Spy of the Vatican, Jean Cheko of the Zionists. But it was not customary for agents like them to attend Barbonia City and, even more, it was alarming that they arrived at the same time, so something critical could be expected to happen.
In fact, an armed conflict between Israelis and Arabs broke out on June 5.
As for this war, Mondo Beat could take no other position than neutrality, since the Israelis were supported by the Americans, the Arabs by the Russians. To be in solidarity with one part, no matter which, would have caused the implosion of the Contestation, which was about to spread at mass level. But, however, it would have been impossible to stay apart from the consequences of this war. Due to the intrigue of world interests behind it, this war would have involved everyone, directly or indirectly, and a pacifist movement like Mondo Beat had to expect negative consequences.
In fact, this war had already disrupted Gerbino's plans. He had foreseen that the Movement would give its best in October, November, December, after which it would have declined and, consequently, best would have been to dissolve Mondo Beat at the end of the year, to end in beauty. The logic of this reasoning, because the Base of Mondo Beat could no longer be renewed by those heroic youths who had formed it. The fact that the youths of Mondo Beat no longer had to face the police, made it impossible to see who was who among newcomers. Now at Mondo Beat arrived characters who pretended to be Beats who came from cities here and there, when in reality they came from the carabinieri barracks and the police headquarters.
As for the unpredictable consequences of this war in relation with Melchiorre Gerbino’s personal situation, when the Mondo Beat Movement would have ended, Melchiorre Gerbino would have felt a sense of liberation, like a liberation from a karma. If the goal of mass contestation would have been achieved, Melchiorre Gerbino would have felt a satisfactory sense of liberation, otherwise a sense of sad liberation, but however a sense of liberation. Let me explain why.
A year before the foundation of the Mondo Beat Movement, Melchiorre Gerbino and Gunilla Unger were on a trip from Sicily to France, when they stopped in Milan, because they had to take a train from there. They had 4 hours to spend before boarding a train for Paris, so during those hours they visited Milan. They have liked the city. Melchiorre Gerbino then remembered having an industrialist uncle in Milan, a brother of his mother, and he phoned him. He missed the train. He would have stayed 2 years in Milan instead of 4 hours. But at the end of the story of the Mondo Beat Movement, he would have returned to his journeys, this was certain. So if it is true that he would not have acted to shorten the existence of the Movement, on the other hand he would not have tried to prolong its existence to obtain personal benefits from this, let's say, to be elected in the Italian Parliament. In fact, hell had already happened between him and his father, because he did not want to be a member of the Italian Parliament, but he wanted to travel to see the world.

Returning now to the chronological order of the events, the 3 newspapers, Corriere della Sera, Corriere d'formazione and La Notte, had refrained from attacking us from the beginning of the Six-Day War, because they had to study a new strategy against us, in the light of that war, being however their purpose always the same, that is, the destruction of Mondo Beat.
They returned to the attack, La Notte, on June 8, the Corriere della Sera, on June 9.

(La Notte, June 8, 1967)    (Corriere della Sera, June 9, 1967)
The Vatican maneuvered a socialist councilman, Paride Accetti, against Mondo Beat
A political maneuver against Barbonia City.

The news concerned a 16-year-old girl who fled from her home, who, tracked down by her uncle in Barbonia City, had refused to return home and was taken by the police to a juvenile prison.
In addition, the two newspapers announced that a Socialist councilman had submitted a question to the mayor of Milan, asking about the kind of actions to be taken to put an end to the scandalous existence of Barbonia City.
Now, the fact that a member of the Socialist party, a party in government, had officially taken position against Mondo Beat, meant that the Moro government was about to take action against the Movement. Of course, the Vatican had not asked a Christian Democrat councilman to promote an action against Barbonia City, because then people would have easily understood that the Vatican was behind this, instead the Vatican would have maneuvered such Paride Accetti, who was an asshole lacquered "socialist".
It has to be understood that at the time of Mondo Beat, 90% of those who engaged in politics in Italy, did it just for personal benefit. All of them would have preferred to have a profitable place in the Christian Democratic Party (Democrazia Cristiana) a political party which was a creature of the Vatican and was in government from one administration to another. Otherwise, they would have joined any other political party who would guarantee them personal benefits. These kind of politicians were very able to make passionate speeches on freedom and justice (like today Black Africa politicians) but in the reality they were ready to serve power to any extent and with the lowest tricks. Paride Accetti was one of them.


Milan, June 10, 1967 - Military attack against Barbonia City

In the early afternoon of June 10, while Melchiorre Gerbino gave an interview in his tent, gunshots were heard nearby, while many sirens of police cars rang.
Melchiorre Gerbino went out of his tent, as did his interviewer, who proved not to be a journalist, but a secret agent, who went to the big tarpaulin "Good people, Corriere della Sera tells you bullshit!" and with a knife he cut the ropes and dragged the tarpaulin away.
There was a pandemonium going on at the campsite. Half a dozen corpulent policemen were fighting, with karate moves, against half a dozen vigorous Beats, never seen before in Barbonia City, while dozens of common policemen chased boys and girls, most of them in swimsuits, handcuffed them and took them to police vans. Outside the campsite, on the side of the petrol station square, a team of carabinieri climbed the barbed wire fence, and among the many spectators who crowded there, secret service agents, disguised as workers and family fathers, loudly incited people to invade the camp and burn the tents. In this pandemonium, Gunilla Unger, holding little Nino in her arms, reached police commissioner Ludovico Reale, who was at the head of the military operation, and asked him to protect the tents. Ludovico Reale, surprised by the arrival of Gunilla Unger and photojournalists who took pictures, decided to leave Gunilla Unger herself and some police officers to protect the tents, while all the other campers were handcuffed and taken to the police headquarters.

In the afternoon, Melchiorre Gerbino was released from the police headquarters. They told the press "because he said words of peace while the battle raged in the campsite". But, in reality, in addition to being the director of a duly registered magazine, Melchiorre Gerbino was released because the Vatican and the Zionists feared that without his leadership, which was equidistant from the two blocs, the Movement could be influenced by the Communists and take position in favor of the Arabs.

Back in Barbonia City, I found the campsite stubbornly revived, as many students had rushed there as well as various people who sympathized with the Movement. But it was evident that Mondo Beat had suffered a deadly blow, since its structures couldn't function anymore, because sixteen of the most committed personalities of the Movement had been imprisoned speciously, including Umberto Tiboni.
At the same time of my arrival, Giuseppe Pinelli also arrived at the campsite. Pinelli told that many plainclothes police had been deployed near The Cave. He suggested gathering from The Cave the material to be saved and storing it in the Sacco e Vanzetti section. He would therefore have returned to Barbonia City the next morning with a friend of his who had a car. The day ahead was a Sunday and the Italian system rested on Sundays, so we had a safe day, almost certainly the last one before the definitive destruction of Barbonia City and the requisition of The Cave.

At night I reflected on what had happened.
What they had invented, to justify the military attack, was that such an Emma Giovannini had come to Barbonia City to bring her son Maurizio home, but she had been prevented from entering the campsite and had called the police. When the police car arrived at the campsite, the Beats received it by throwing stones, so the police headquarters had to mobilize more men and, since a fierce battle would have raged in the campsite, the carabinieri also had to be mobilized.
They had fabricated all this to give the possibility to the secret agents, disguised as workers and family fathers, to invade the campsite and set fire to the tents. But their plan had failed, because not even one person, among the many onlookers, did had invaded the campsite to set fire to the tents. At the police headquarters, they had hoped that at least one person would invade the campsite, so that the agents disguised as workers and family fathers would have invaded the campsite together with that person and would have set fire to the tents. In the end, that person would have been arrested. Then, the police headquarters would have invented a great story about the many others who had set fire to the tents but had escaped capture. But at least one person, who was not a secret agent, had to be arrested and shown to the public by the media. But their plan had failed.
And it was now clear that the police headquarters had planned the destruction of Barbonia City in coordination with the Corriere della Sera, Corriere d'Informazione and La Notte, because in the recently published articles against the Movement, these 3 newspapers had insistently related that many fathers of underage youths were furious and wanted to set fire to the tents, while in Barbonia City we had no perception at all of such an attitude on the part of family fathers, since they could enter and exit the campsite at will.
Furthermore, it was clear that the police headquarters was coordinated with the Corriere della Sera, the Corriere d'Informazione and La Notte since the journalists and photojournalists of these 3 newspapers had arrived in Barbonia City at the same time as the soldiers, while other journalists, who had not been informed in advance, would have arrived too late to witness the facts, because the whole operation would not have lasted more than 40 minutes.
Now, considering another aspect, that is, the proportion of the military operation, an operation in which more than a hundred men had participated, such an operation could not had been planned without the Moro government knowledge and authorization. Aldo Moro, who was disguised as a progressive politician, was in fact a sneaky servant of the Vatican. He was surely ordered to destroy the structures of Mondo Beat when the war between the Israelis and the Arabs caused so much clamor that it would have dampened the clamor of the destruction of Barbonia City. It was therefore logic to foresee that the soldiers would have returned very soon to destroy the campsite.
Since this seemed to be the real situation in which Mondo Beat was, I thought there was nothing better to do than to act so that the destruction of the structures of Mondo Beat would have raised as much clamor as possible. In order to achieve this result, I decided to bluff. I conceived an imaginative rally, in Barbonia City, of Beats and Provos from all over Italy, as a first step to permanently occupy Milan. If in the Vatican they would have become hysterical in apprehending such a news, then they would have asked Aldo Moro to protected Milan from such a barbarian invasion. If so, then hundreds of soldiers had to be mobilized to set checkpoints at the junctions of all the roads which connected Milan with the surrounding territory, and hundreds of other soldiers had to be ready to physically engage against the invaders... If the bluff failed, because they would have realized that in the summertime you cannot make a revolution in Italy, I had nothing to lose, since Mondo Beat was destined to end in any case. But if they had fallen into the trap, then a prolonged military action and, consequently, an extensive media coverage of it, would have accelerated the times for mass contestation.
So I conceived a flyer to call Beats and Provos to meet in Barbonia City almost immediately, that is, from June 15.
In my tent, by candlelight, while Gunilla and Nino slept, I have typewritten many times the flyer, making copies with carbon paper. When I reached a hundred copies, I blew out the candle and went to sleep.

(On the left, the anastatic copy of the flyer - On the right, the translation into English)
An Imaginative rally of Beats and Provos from all over Italy to occupy Milan      An Imaginative rally of Beats and Provos from all over Italy as a first step to occupy Milan
A flyer intended to cause a massive military intervention in Milan.

As you can see, Melchiorre Gerbino mentioned sexual freedom, this would have bothered the Vatican, because if people have spontaneous sexual relations, they no longer perceive the suffering of the Holy Cross, which is the basic business of the Holy See. And then, since the 3 newspapers had exaggerated with descriptions of open air copulations in the lawn of Barbonia City, I hoped that the holy men in the Vatican would evoke, in their minds, a Milan invaded by Beats who would copulate in the corners of the streets, if they had not been prevented from entering the city. In short, this flyer wanted to create terror in the Vatican, that is, that Milan could be occupied indefinitely by thousands of orgiastic contestators.


Milan, June 11, 1967 - The last day of Barbonia City

On the morning of June 11, when Giuseppe Pinelli returned to Barbonia City, Melchiorre Gerbino told him about the bluff he wanted to implement.
Also Pinelli was sure of an imminent military attack to destroy the structures of Mondo Beat and agreed that the best to do was to prolong the military action as much as possible, causing contrariety in the people and speeding up the times of mass contestation.
To succeed with the bluff, Gerbino asked Pinelli to issue, from Sacco e Vanzetti section, imaginative press releases on the imminent arrival in Milan of Beats and Provos from all over Italy and abroad. In fact, it was essential that these imaginative press releases would originate from the Sacco e Vanzetti section, to be credible, because it was a very serious organization, which in the past had been frequented by characters who had participated in the Spanish Civil War and in the Italian Resistance and, at present, was frequented by the Milanese Provos. Giuseppe Pinelli, who was the trustee of that section, promised he would have issued such press releases and would have sent them to the main newspapers.
In The Cave, while planning the bluff together, Giuseppe Pinelli and Melchiorre Gerbino collected the material to be saved. They also collected thousands of copies of the last issue of the Magazine, to carry them to Barbonia City. Those were the copies of which Gerbino had stopped the sale on the streets, to distribute them over time until early October. Now, because of what was happening, it was urgent to distribute them immediately and for free.

Below are some images and press articles that appeared on that day, June 11, that is the day after the military attack on Barbonia City

The destruction of Barbonia City was urgently ordered by the Vatican during the Six-Day War
Photos of the military attack on Barbonia City - June 10, 1967
In the last photo on the right, you can see the 22 police cars, which took part in the attack, parked one after the other outside the Barbonia City campsite.


(Il Giorno, June 11, 1967)
The journalist who wrote this article made it clear that the attack on Barbonia City had been planned
The military attack on Barbonia City described by Il Giorno

Il Giorno had openly sympathized with the Movement, so the journalist who wrote this article made it clear to the intelligent readers of the newspaper that the attack on Barbonia City had been planned. In a subtitle of the article, which everyone would have noticed, he wrote "A mother calls the police because the son refuses to follow her: a police car (pantera) arrives, then another 21". As the police headquarters in Milan did not have more than 25 cars, it was impossible for 22 of them to arrive one after another in 10 minutes, if the operation had not been planned with precision. In addition, it was understandable that the operation had been planned because it took place in the early hours of a Saturday afternoon, between 14 and 15, when the activities in the city were minimal, so that almost all the police cars would be assigned to the raking up of all the boys and girls from Barbonia City in an operation that would have lasted about half an hour.
As I have already mentioned, journalists and photojournalists of Corriere della Sera, Corriere d'Informazione and La Notte arrived together with the military, since they were coordinated with the police headquarters, while journalists and photojournalists of other newspapers, who had not been informed, would have arrived when the military operation was already over. So these journalists, who did not witness the event, would have been informed of thugs and criminals who had engaged in a furious battle against the police for almost two hours, when in reality, the peaceful youths of Mondo Beat, most of them in swimsuits, were captured, handcuffed and taken to the police headquarters in an operation that lasted forty minutes.


(L'Unità, June 11, 1967)
This article was full of subtle falsities, referred as acquired facts.
The military attack on Barbonia City described by L'Unità

In this article there were subtle falsehoods, described as acquired facts and there was complacency in seeing the Mondo Beat Movement in such a critical situation. The Communists, having lost all hope of being able to absorb the Mondo Beat Movement and having noticed that the Movement had remained neutral towards the Israelis and the Arabs, would adopt a negative stand towards Mondo Beat worse than that of the Moro government.
A falsehood described in this article (and the Communists knew it was a falsehood) concerned the "Seven bruised police officers". In fact, the farce of injured policemen is the manual of all the police operations carried out in Italy against unarmed pacifists. The unarmed pacifists, after being brutally beaten, lick their wounds, while the policemen, who beat them, go to seek medical treatment. The Communists knew this very well, but they were happy to repeat, together with the reactionary press, that the Beats had injured the police officers.

(La Notte, June 11, 1967)
A mountain of lies for discrediting the youths of the Mondo Beat Movement
The military attack on Barbonia City described by La Notte.
A mountain of lies to discredit the youths of Mondo Beat.

Nino Nutrizio, the editorial director of La Notte, was a sports journalist who was entrusted with the direction of this newspaper, owned by the Catholic industrialist Carlo Pesenti.
Nino Nutrizio continually tried to trivialize and confuse the history of Mondo Beat and he did it with such a moral baseness that nothing more can be said about him except that it was a piece of shit. An example: to confuse the history of Mondo Beat, he would have written that Gunilla Unger was married to Vitttorio Di Russo.

*

That Sunday, June 11, that is to say the day after the military attack, Barbonia City was more alive than ever. There were a lot of Beats, Provos, university students, high school students and all kind of persons. There were as many young people as never before. The youths understood that the campsite would be destroyed by the military and wanted to show their love for Barbonia City. In fact, Barbonia City was loved by all young Italians, as it symbolized a kind of Promised Land accessible to everyone, where everyone had a place to pitch a tent and live a season of freedom.

At noon, I gathered the youths who wanted to distribute the Magazine outside Milan. I gave each of them a hundred copies, for free, and some flyers of the "Rally of all Beats and Provos" and I assigned each of them an immediate destination for a city of their choice. By this, I got rid of more than 5,000 copies of the Magazine and sent away more than 50 youths, so that neither the youths nor the copies would end up in the impending military incursion. Finally, I made sure that a copy of the "Rally of all Beats and Provos" flyer ended up in the hands of a police informant, who would surely have rushed to the police headquarters to deliver it, namely Nino the Fascist.
Let me say now a few words about why we have let Nino the Fascist attend Mondo Beat, even though we were sure he was a police informant. We did because Mondo Beat accepted in its structures, without asking for identification, anyone who respected the rules of no drugs, no violence, no theft. Being this the situation, the police headquarters was able to infiltrate Mondo Beat at will, so it was smarter to know who the police informants were, than not. Why? Because, observing their behavior, we would have had perception of the state of tension that, in a given moment, the police headquarters had towards Mondo Beat, say, if in the police headquarters they were preparing an attack or were relaxed. And, exceptionally, we would have used the police informants to perform a bluff, as actually I did with Nino the Fascist, when I made sure he was in possession of a flyer of the "Rally of all Beats and Provos". For sure, he would have ran towards the police headquarters to deliver that flyer, and this was what I wanted him to do.
And in fact, a few hours after Nino the Fascist had been in possession of that flyer, the Corriere della Sera came out with an extraordinary edition (!). Corriere della Sera did it very seldom. And this edition, which was distributed in Milan and in the suburbs, was similar to the edition which had appeared in the morning, but in the article on Barbonia City there was one more detail, that of the Rally of all Beats and Provos.
So, Nino the Fascist, immediately after being in possession of the flyer, had rushed to the police headquarters to deliver it and the police headquarters had immediately informed the Corriere della Sera, who had decided to print an extraordinary edition to tell about the Rally of all Beats and Provos.
Wouldn't Corriere della Sera, the most authoritative Italian newspaper, also be the best informed?

(Corriere della Sera - extraordinary edition - June 11, 1967)
In the Corriere della Sera they believed that the imaginative Rally of all the Beats and Provos would actually take place and they fell into the trap
Corriere della Sera - extraordinary edition - June 11, 1967

At the Corriere della Sera, they had believed that this Rally of all Beats and Provos would take place. So, it was not insanity to hope that the Vatican would order Aldo Moro to protect Milan militarily.
Melchiorre Gerbino lived some of the happiest moments in his life.

Some comments on this article:
As they couldn't say that Nino the Fascist had provided the flyer on the Rally, the Corriere della Sera invented the news that the flyer was found, during the "battle" in Barbonia City, in a tent used as press office (actually, such a tent didn't exist in Barbonia City).
2) There is also written, in this article, that a police officer had to shoot in the air to protect himself. In reality, the 3 shots, which were fired near my tent at the beginning of the military operation, were a signal for the secret agent, disguised as a journalist, who was interviewing me, to get out of the tent and cut the threads of the tarpaulin "Good people, Corriere della Sera tells you bullshit!" and drag the tarpaulin away, a job that a uniformed policeman could not do.
3) Adriano Carminati, the fascist activist who was described by the Corriere della Sera as the cook in Barbonia City, who had arrived there with a large gas cylinder, had received orders to blow up the gas cylinder when the field would have been invaded by the soldiers. And in fact, when the military attacked the campsite, Adriano Carminati kept the gas cylinder in the air, close to a fire he had prepared, and he threatened to let the cylinder explode if the military did not leave the campsite, conforming with the instructions that he had received by the secret services. But Adriano Carminati avoided blowing up the gas cylinder. And after the destruction of Barbonia City, in which he did not participate, he wanted Melchiorre Gerbino to know that he was sorry for the destruction, because he had loved the time he had spent at the campsite.

*

I will now reproduce an article from the Corriere della Sera in which there is evidence of the intelligence ties of this newspaper with the Milan police headquarters.

(Corriere della Sera, June 12, 1967)

The Corriere della Sera intelligence ties with the Milan police headquarters

In this article, Corriere della Sera published the following text: "The «operation longhairs» will take place this morning at sunrise. At 5,30, a hundred agents from Scalo Romana police station, from Mobile Team and from Celere will surround «New Barbonia», the «Beat» village where a violent battle between criminals and police took place on Saturday afternoon. By order of deputy prosecutor, Dr. Veltri...".
Note that at the Corriere della Sera they printed the edition, where this article appeared, when the military who would have raided Barbonia City were still sleeping in their beds. This proves, without a shadow of a doubt, that the Corriere della Sera had operational intelligence ties with the Milan police headquarters.
Now, it is obvious that in the editorial staff of newspapers there are people who work with the dual role of journalists and intelligence agents, but this kind of activity shouldn't be shown to the public as something to be proud for, as the Corriere della Sera did, because these are unconstitutional practices. But, as I have already explained, in the Corriere della Sera there were southerners who suffered from the omnipotence complex, while the northerners were dad's children who were catching butterflies, consequently, because of this uncontrolled campaign against the Beats, the Corriere della Sera's insolence would have offended the sensitivity of many of its readers, with the consequences that we will see.
To say more about this article, there are descriptions and photos of sacrilegious marriages and relative outdoor fellatio practices, which took place in the Barbonia City. Those were fabrications. In fact, there was a certain Enrico Boetti, sent by the Corriere della Sera to do dirty work, who had infiltrated the Movement and had persuaded Melchiorre Gerbino and Umberto Tiboni to register him as the responsible of the campsite, at the time of renting the camp. Gerbino and Tiboni did so because the first had the responsibility of the Magazine over him, the second the responsibility of the management of The Cave. Then, taking advantage of their temporary absence from Barbonia City, which occurred every day, when Gerbino and Tiboni went to The Cave, Enrico Boetti would have arranged this kind of fabricated events of which Corriere della Sera would have published the photos. Furthermore, Enrico Boetti would have introduced, to photojournalists and television cameramen, a secret agent disguised as Beat, such Jonathan, presenting him as a main character in Barbonia City. In addition, the 3 newspapers would have written here and there about Jonathan, in order to make him known to the public. Melchiorre Gerbino, who had not noticed anything of this, must thank the Six-Day War if he wasn't killed or badly injured in some accident. In fact, they had already prepared Jonathan to replace him. But, thanks to the Six-Day War, the Vatican urged the destruction of Barbonia City, since the clamor raised by the war would have dampened the clamor of its destruction. In fact, a day and a half after the secret services had failed to burn the tents, the tents would have been destroyed by order of the judiciary and the campsite occupied by a battalion of paratroopers. Three days after these events, Melchiorre Gerbino would have dissolved the Mondo Beat Movement, after which there wouldn't no longer have been the conditions to involve him in an accident. And Jonathan, instead of substituting Melchiorre Gerbino as the leader of the Contestation, would soon have been entrusted with the worst job of his career, that is to say containing in the street the mass contestation that Melchiorre Gerbino had sparked.

I publish below a link to a documentary of the Swiss television RSI, focused on a reception that Jack Kerouac received at a bookstore in Lugano, and also focused on Mondo Beat, both Barbonia City and The Cave. It doesn't matter if you don't understand Italian, since you can however notice that Enrico Boetti is the one who performed a kind of wedding in Barbonia City, being the groom the secret agent Jonathan, disguised as Beat, who pretended to marry a female who, instead of looking like a girl from Mondo Beat, looked like a policewoman in civilian clothes.
La nostra storia (Our history).

One or two days after the destruction of Barbonia City, Melchiorre Gerbino went to Lugano to give an interview to the same Swiss television, RSI. On that occasion, he would have denied that there occurred blood marriages, or marriages of any kind, in Barbonia City. This interview would have sparked controversy in Switzerland because, as a result, it would have been suspected that the Swiss filmmaker, who had claimed that the weddings had been celebrated in Barbonia City and had filmed them, was in league with the Italian secret services who had concocted those weddings. In addition, suspects would be aggravated by the fact that, in the scoop on Barbonia City, that Swiss filmmaker had repeatedly focused on Enrico Boetti and Jonathan, as if they were important personalities, when they were two nullities in the history of Mondo Beat, since, if we want to make an effort to remember them, we can only say that they were two pieces of shit.
But, besides the secondary issue of the secret services who concocted scoops in Barbonia City, what Melchiorre Gerbino said of interesting in that interview was that the game was not over with the destruction of the structures of Mondo Beat, on the contrary, due to this destruction, there would have been huge contestations, first among the Milanese students, then among the young Italians en mass. As this has happened and the Vatican is still in shock, and nobody knows until when it will be in shock, don't expect the RSI to rebroadcast this interview soon.

Milan, June 12, 1967 - Destruction of Barbonia City by the military and requisition of The Cave by the secret services

The raid on Barbonia City was carried out illegally, as it started during the night and the military could not have raided before dawn, in accordance with the law of the time.
Ordered by the deputy prosecutor Adolfo Veltri, without any legal support but because compelled by "morality", the destruction of the campsite was carried out by hundreds of policemen, carabinieri, intelligence agents and employees of the health office.
When the raid occurred, there were only 54 people in the campsite, among which there were numerous secret agents and police informants. The hundreds of young people who used to attend Barbonia City were well aware that there would be a raid and had moved away.

Some pictures of the destruction of Barbonia City

(Various newspapers and magazines)
After the campers were arrested, their belongings were taken to waste
Pictures of the destruction of Barbonia City


Some articles on the destruction of Barbonia City

The event of the military destruction of the structures of the Mondo Beat Movement was widely covered by the press. The most disparate personalities and publications have written on the subject, from Salvatore Quasimodo, Nobel laureate in literature, to the Berkeley Barb. I reproduce here four articles of the Italian reactionary press, which would have contributed to trigger the mass contestation because of their unbearable hypocrisy and bad faith. These were articles written by idiots, who felt triumphant, while the newspapers and magazines in which they worked were on the verge of extinction, as many of their regular readers would have turned to more serious publications

(La Notte, June 12, 1967)
Due to a continuous decline in its readers, La Notte had to suspend publications forever
Description of the destruction of Barbonia City by La Notte

In this article were concentrated all the lies against the Beats that La Notte had invented throughout its campaign against them. And in this article, La Notte manifested how proud it was of this campaign. The idiot who wrote this article did not suspect that La Notte had lost credibility and its regular readers would have turned to more serious newspapers. Indeed, due to a continuous decline in its readers, La Notte had to suspend publications forever.


(Corriere d'informazione, June 12-13, 1967)
The Contestation would have overwhelmed the Corriere d'informazione until annihilation
Description of the destruction of Barbonia City by the Corriere d'informazione

Due to the tsunami provoked by the Contestation, the Corriere d'informazione would also have failed for lack of readers. It was the second most important newspaper in the Crespi Group, after Corriere della Sera. As I said before, the Crespi Group was by far the most important publishing group in Italy. The Corriere d'informazione was created immediately after the Second World War, when the publication of the Corriere della Sera had to be suspended for a while, because that newspaper had flanked the fascist regime. When the Corriere della Sera was allowed to reappear, the Corriere d’informazione was not suspended, as it had many readers. The Contestation would have overwhelmed it until annihilation.


(A magazine of the Crespi Group - mid June 1967)
Because of the Contestation, the Crespi Group, after a a chain of bankruptcies, would disappear from the scene
Description of the destruction of Barbonia City by a magazine of the Crespi Group

This article was published by one of the numerous magazines which belonged to the Crespi Group, the most powerful publishing group in Italy.
Due to new situations created by the Contestation, such as the attention paid to a broader and more diversified culture, manifested first by the mass of young people, then by the mass in general, the Crespi Group, because of the mediocrity of its intellectuals, wouldn't have been able to keep up with the times and would have passed from one bankruptcy to another, until disappearing from the scene and even from memory, because the power, mortified by the defeat, would have removed any reference to the Crespi Group.
(In this article, Antonio Di Spgna is photographed walking away with some of his possessions recovered before the destruction of Barbonia City).


(Corriere della Sera, June 13, 1967)
Because of the Contestation, the premises of Corriere della Sera had to be protected, for years, by the military
Description of the destruction of Barbonia City by the Corriere della Sera

With the destruction of the Mondo Beat structures, in the Corriere della Sera they believed that the game was over and that they had won it. But a few weeks after the destruction of Mondo Beat, when the schools reopened, the Corriere della Sera was overwhelmed by mass contestation. The Milanese students of all institutes and universities, then other people, young and old, would have manifested public resentment towards the Corriere della Sera. People felt offended, because they had been treated as stupid by that dominant attitude shown by Corriere della Sera and the lies it had told in a campaign against thousands of honest young people who had been described as criminals. Popular resentment was such that the military had to protect the Corriere della Sera headquarters day and night for years.
The journalist Indro Montanelli, a traitor who changed position with every change of wind, would promptly have left the Corriere della Sera, where he had played the role of the supreme intellectual, and would have founded a new daily, Il Giornale, by subtracting readers from the Corriere della Sera. In addition, the growing discontent of the remaining readers of the Corriere della Sera would have created the market conditions for the founding of another newspaper, La Repubblica, whose readers would have increased so exponentially that La Repubblica would have become the main newspaper in Italy.
Before this blind campaign against Mondo Beat, or better, against the renewal of Italian society, the Corriere della Sera was an international reference newspaper, today it is a second-rate newspaper which does not represent anything original. In fact, it is disconcerting to remember how the Corriere della Sera would have ignored that Mondo Beat had influenced the world of music and fashion. Ignored that Italian women had emancipated en masse because of a sexual revolution promoted by Mondo Beat. Ignored that a political page had turned, since the Mondo Beat Movement was attended by young people of all social classes, fraternizing with each other, when, before, the class struggle had marked politics: this would have meant a huge political change, since the confrontation would no longer have been between ideologies, but between programs, given that the democratic system of the Western world was the most progressive, it would no longer have been a question of changing it for another, but to make it more responsible, that is, to pay attention and take care of the environment, nutrition, sex... and, first of all, comply with the civil rights.

Antonio Di Spagna, a true hero of the Contestation.

Returning to the chronological reconstruction of the history of Mondo Beat, on June 12, 1967, the same day of the destruction of Barbonia City and the requisition of The Cave, Melchiorre Gerbino and Antonio Di Spagna coordinated to carry out the bluff of the Rally of all Beats and Provos.
Melchiorre Gerbino asked Antonio Di Spagna to lead the Contestation in the center of Milan, to provoke strong tensions with the police. In the meantime, Melchiorre Gerbino would have given interviews to tell the imminent arrival of thousands of Beats and Provos in Milan, while Giuseppe Pinelli would have issued press releases, from the Sacco e Vanzetti section, detailing the impending arrival in Milan many groups of Beats and Provos, from all Italy and abroad.
Antonio Di Spagna acted accordingly. He promoted contestations in Piazza Duomo, where youths, who had been evicted from Barbonia City, brought backpacks and sleeping bags and camped.
As the field of Barbonia City was manned by the military, Antonio Di Spagna would have promoted teams of kamikazes, that is, youths who invaded the field. To capture them, the military had to run all around the meadow. It was then that the first manifestations of mass contestation have occurred, when some office workers, in shirt and tie, have invaded the field of Barbonia City, to live a moment of fame, as they were lit by the flashes of the photojournalists.
At night, when the soldiers had returned to their barracks, Antonio Di Spagna reoccupied the Barbonia City camp, along with many young people who gathered there.

(Various newspapers)
Antonio Di Spagna heading the Contestation day and night
Antonio Di Spagna headed the Contestation during those 3 crucial days which followed the destruction of Barbonia City.

Note the lower right picture. The picture is not of the best, however it is possible to see how the man, caught by the police and taken away from the field of Barbonia City, was in a shirt and tie. It was the moment when the Contestation spread from the youths of Mondo Beat to ordinary people. It was the beginning of the mass contestation.

*

During those three crucial days following the destruction of Barbonia City, Melchiorre Gerbino gave numerous interviews. To the question, asked by each journalist, what would be the turn of events, I replied that we were waiting for the arrival in Milan of fifty thousand young people. I didn't talk about it with enthusiasm, but as if I was distracted by other thoughts. Because of the credibility that the Movement had shown during its difficult path, the journalists have believed that fifty thousand Beats and Provos would really invade Milan.
While I granted interviews, Giuseppe Pinelli sent press releases to newspapers, announcing the arrival in Milan of Beats and Provos. As these press releases originated from the Sacco e Vanzetti section, the newspapers have reproduced excerpts of them. In these press releases, Giuseppe Pinelli would have described Beats and Provos moving to Milan, first from various Italian cities, then from a geographical arc that extended from Palermo to London.

(La Notte, June 13, 1967)
They will gather at their Wailing Wall
La Notte on the arrival of Beats and Provos in Milan

La Notte "They will gather at their Wailing Wall. Longhairs of half Italy prepare a march towards the remains of Barbonia".
With some concern, La Notte cited also an extract from Pinelli's press releases, in which longhairs were described moving towards Milan from Palermo, Catania, Messina, Naples, Salerno, Rome, Florence, Carrara, Genoa, Turin.

(Corriere della Sera, June 14, 1967)
The Magna Charta of the new tramps
Corriere della Sera on the arrival of Beats and Provos in Milan

In addition to the usual sentences of contempt for the Beats (see The Magna Charta of the new tramps), in this article we read: "A great gathering of all the Italian Beats and Provos is scheduled for tomorrow, Thursday, in Via Ripamonti. One of the promoters the event is Mondo Beat, the official magazine of the Movement, directed by Melchiorre Gerbino, who was found by the police in the tent city the other morning, together with his wife and a two-year-old son. But the headquarters of his magazine located in via Vicenza had to close because evicted by the owner".
Now, the headquarters of Mondo Beat magazine, The Cave, had to close not because evicted by the owner of the premises, but because requisitioned by the secret services. From this, you can understand the indecency of the Corriere della Sera and the reason why its headquarters had to be militarily protected, for years, from the wrath of the Milanese youths.
But, at this point, what was interesting to consider was that, since the Corriere della Sera believed that a large number of Beats and Provos would invade Milan, everyone would have believed the same.

And in fact, at the Vatican, they went mad and fell into the trap!
And the Moro government was ordered to protect Milan militarily



(Il Giorno, June 14, 1967)
Description of the police measures to contain the arrival of Beats and Provos in Milan
Il Giorno on the arrival of Beats and Provos in Milan

Description by il Giorno of the police measures to contain the arrival of Beats and Provos "It is very likely that the police will prevent these guys from entering the city. Checkpoints will be set up at the entrance of Autostrada del Sole and other main roads leading to Milan and Central Station".

(La Notte, June 14, 1967)
All roads will be barred. Their manifestation will die at birth
La Notte on police measures to contain the arrival of Beats and Provos

La Notte "All roads will be barred. In all likelihood, the police will set up checkpoints on all the main access roads to Milan, as well as on all motorways and the Central Station. Therefore, longhairs will be hindered to reach the city center and their manifestation will die at birth".

(Il Giorno, June 15, 1967)
The Beats await for reinforcements
Il Giorno on the commitment of the police to rake the streets of Milan and the suburbs

Il Giorno wrote "If they keep their word, the long hairs of many Italian regions will hold their national meeting today in Milan. They will come? Have they already arrived on the sly? It's hard to say, because they can enter the city in many ways, by train, on foot, by hitchhiking. Longhairs rely on this reinforcement to organize a big event, a kind of congress in which the police cannot intervene. It is also said that they will focus on the famous Via Ripamonti field, where there was a battle between the Beats and the police last Saturday. Police deny that they have created checkpoints to prevent the Beats from entering the city, but it is a fact that yesterday many cars from Volante and police stations were busy raking the streets of the city and suburbs".

In the end, Giuseppe Pinelli would delivered a press release in which it was made clear that Beats and Provos intended to occupy and paralyze the strategic areas in Milan (to avenge the destruction of Barbonia City). La Notte published this press release in full. Here, an extract:
"In a letter sent to newspapers, the Provo Centre of Milan specifies the program for today. Rally in Piazza Cordusio at 10,30 am and half an hour later transfer to the field Via Ripamonti. At 2,30 pm, the beginning of the Assembly for the election of the new national leaders. At 5,30 pm the arrival from a delegation from Paris to the camp Via Ripamonti. At 7 pm, great celebrations in the camp.
The same letter from the Provo Centre announces a second program for Sunday 18 June, when 350 Beats from England, who now are in Lugano and Berne, will arrive in Milan. The arrival of these brothers will take place, between 1 and 2 pm, in Piazza Castello. Another group of Beats will arrive from Cannes, via Turin. A delegation from Genoa is also expected, while it is confirmed the arrival of representatives from Florence, Bologna and the province of Milan".
By this alarming press release, Giuseppe Pinelli tried to have the soldiers mobilized until the 18th, and he succeeded.

(La Notte, June 15, 1967)
La Notte reassured its readers on the efficiency of the Italian defense system
Giuseppe Pinelli's last press release, published by La Notte

As Giuseppe Pinelli sent this alarming press release, La Notte reassured its readers on the efficiency of the Italian defense system. That idiot, Nino Nutrizio, director of La Notte, triumphantly announced that Milano was under military control, since the burned land had been made of Beats and Provos (who, meanwhile, had fun in the sea of June, hundreds of kilometers from Milan).
And on June 15, 1967, the largest military operation, since the end of the Second World War, was taking place in Milan.
Two battalions of paratroopers were deployed, one in Piazza Duomo, the other in the destroyed campsite of Barbonia City, while the army was on alert in the barracks.
All train stations in Milan were manned by the military.
Checkpoints had been set up at all intersections of roads and highways with the urban road network.
With blaring sirens, cars of police and carabinieri were running along the streets, where one would notice few people, since many stayed at home, worried.
As he had already decided, Melchiorre Gerbino would have dissolved the Mondo Beat Movement on that same day, June 15. He did not disband the Movement on the 12th, the same day of Barbonia City's destruction, because he wanted 3 more days time to carry out the bluff of the Rally of all Beats and Provos.
Alone, he had to take the decision of dissolving the Movement, since of the other two founders, Vittorio Di Russo was absent from the scene for long time, and Umberto Tiboni was in prison. But the decision was easy to take, because the Movement had two options left: armed struggle or dissolution.
So, in the early afternoon of June 15, Melchiorre Gerbino dissolved the Mondo Beat Movement in the Crota Piemunteisa, Via Pontaccio, the same tavern where, exactly 8 months earlier, the Movement had been founded. The act of the dissolution was official, as it was attended by writers and intellectuals who had gathered for the event.
On that occasion, all those who attended the event asked for the publication of more issues of Mondo Beat magazine. I was against it, because the Magazine, without the support of the Movement, no longer had any valence, nor could it be distributed by ourselves, but had to be distributed through normal channels, therefore, it had to publish advertisements to survive, and I was absolutely against it. (I want to point out here that my decision, once taken, was irrevocable, since I was the responsible director and the owner of the Magazine and no one else had any kind of legal participation in it). But all those present asked for the publication, at least, of a last issue of the Magazine, to leave memory of the military destruction of Mondo Beat. But I didn't see the need for it either, since newspapers and magazines, in Italy and abroad, wrote about the destruction of Mondo Beat. But these people insisted (because they wanted to publish their articles in the famous magazine Mondo Beat). In the end, I gave in to their insistence, but, to emphasize my disagreement, I declared that I did not want to prepare this last issue, whereas I had conceived and prepared the previous 6.
Having to entrust this task to someone, since all the valiant characters of the Movement were dispersed or were in prison, I could not entrust this task to anyone else, but to that Vatican spy, Gianni De Martino, who was kept at my ribs by the secret services (of course, I didn't suspect he was a spy). So, on June 16, I introduced Gianni De Martino to Giangiacomo Feltrinelli, a famous editor who, after the destruction of Barbonia City, had declared his availability for the printing and distribution of more issues of Mondo Beat. Nor had I suspected that Giangiacomo Feltrinelli was a Mossad agent. As Cicero says: "The nobler a man, the harder it is for him to suspect inferiority in others" - and Melchiorre Gerbino was very noble in the time of Mondo Beat.
In a separate chapter, there will be the reproduction of this last issue of the Mondo Beat magazine, which appeared in late July, a month and a half after the Movement had already been dissolved.

In conclusion. At the moment of the dissolution of the Movement, I had with me £ 60,000 of Mondo Beat, which was the equivalent to the monthly salary of a postal employee. I decided to liquidate this money in a few days time, the time to enjoy the military show that was going on in Milan. So, late in the evening, when the soldiers rested after a day of frantic searches for Beats and Provos, I met half a dozen Beats and Provos at a restaurant near The Cave, to toast the memory of Mondo Beat and the health of the Contestation.
Indeed, a few weeks later, at the reopening of schools, the Contestation would have exploded among the Milanese students.
Then, at mass level in Italy.
Then, in France.
Then, here and there in the world.
Then, in the Islamic societies (!)
... then (?)... Yes, the Contestation has become intrinsic to the developments of the Global Village, since a new constant, promoted by the Contestation, that is the mass mobilization to affirm civil rights and environmental protection, now conditions the constituted power.

When I analyze my part in the history of the Contestation, I am of course proud to have formulated its models and tested them in the field, but I think that the most honorable action I did, and the most intelligent, was to leave the scene when it was time.

Giseppe Pino Pinelli and Antonio Di Spagna, two main characters in the history of the Contestation
In memory of Giuseppe Pinelli and Antonio Di Spagna

In this picture, Melchiorre Gerbino and Gunilla Unger are with Franco Sapi, the owner of the agency of the same name
Melchiorre Gerbino and Gunilla Unger leave Milan.


Those who made the history of the Mondo Beat Movement
(1) - (2)

Appendix to the history of Mondo Beat. "Mondo Beat N. 5" (Issue 7)
The clash between Mondo Beat and Wikipedia
On the interference of the Vatican in the history of Mondo Beat
On the interference of the Zionists in the course of the Contestation

Mondo Beat Story - Homepage