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Milan, April, 27 to June, 3, 1967

- The tent city of Mondo Beat arises, Barbonia City, and triggers a sexual revolution in Italy.
- The establishment's media and those of the Mondo Beat Movement attack each other with no holds barred.

(Mondo Beat N. 4, page 9 - May 31, 1967)
The newspaper Il Giorno was receptive and kindly sent 50 kg of spaghetti to Barbonia City every day
Help us contestate you!

This picture is from the 6th issue (N. 4) of Mondo Beat magazine (page 9), dated May 31, 1967. The caption reads "Send us 50 kg of spaghetti every day at Mondo Beat campsite, Via Ripamonti. Help us contestate you!".
The newspaper Il Giorno was receptive and kindly sent 50 kg of spaghetti to Barbonia City every day.

(AGI - Il Giorno)
The onlookers came from afar, since Barbonia City was located in the fields
Spectators who flocked to watch the Barbonia City campsite from the first days of its opening

From the first days of the opening of the Barbonia City campsite, many onlookers have poured behind the barbed wire that delimited it. People came from afar for watching, since the campsite was located in the fields, there was no population around, only a few houses and some factories.

The uniformed police were refused access to the campsite unless they were provided by a judicial warrant. All other people could enter the campsite, if they declared that they would respect the 3 obligations of Mondo Beat: no drugs, no violence, no theft. Access was free and people could stay in the campsite as long as they wanted and could set up their tents for free. We did not ask people to identify themselves. The young people were informed that their parents would be welcome if they came to the campsite.
As there would have been lies, in reactionary newspapers and magazines, about anguished parents who were prevented from accessing the Barbonia City campsite, below are reproduced excerpts from 2 articles which prove how the parents of runaway youths entered the campsite to find them and, when they found them, they could try to convince them to return home.

A mom finds her fugitive son among the longhairs and the son returns home (Novella 2000).

Lies were those of reactionary newspapers and magazines who described the anguish of parents who were prevented to access the Barbonia City camp
The caption reads that in early June 1967, up to 40 parents came to New Barbonia each day, looking for their children, who had fled their home (Gente).

In fact, the parents of young runaways were received not only well, but also as if they themselves were fugitives. This lovely and intelligent policy made that between the staff of Barbonia City and the parents of fugitive youths there never were suspicions but sympathetic situations.
To understand the disinterested politicy of Mondo Beat in promoting a sexual revolution among young people, one must consider that no one of them was ever requested to do something for the Movement, while instead all youths were encouraged to travel through Europe to emancipate. Therefore, that in Barbonia City we did not need runaway youths, their parents would have understood. And when leaving Barbonia City, with their children or not, all parents would have shown the greatest respect for the camp staff.

Some impostors describe the Barbonia City campsite as an occupied place where the Beats met freely, that is to say in an abusive manner. No, it wasn't like that at all.
The field was duly rented and fenced with barbed wire. And this with the money from the surplus of Mondo Beat magazine, which had a surplus even though its distribution was obstructed and despite the fact that it did not receive any kind of money support and did not publish any type of advertising.
These impostors distort the truth with the aim of trying to justify the behavior of the Italian judiciary who ordered that a private property, the Mondo Beat campsite, should be invaded by the military and the campers' goods be destroyed while they were under arrest, although they were not indicted of any crime. This shameful behavior was dictated to the judiciary by the Moro government, who was a political creature of the Vatican and obeyed its orders, as the old fags had gone mad due to the sexual revolution which was going on in Barbonia City.

Giovanni Battista Montini wanted it to be known that he had a virgin penis
Saint Paul VI and his lover, actor Paolo Carlini.

Giovanni Battista Montini (Saint Paul VI) reigned as Pope during the difficult times of the Contestation, and some of his steps were harshly contestated, but then the journalists at his service, to justify the Pope's behavior, wrote in the newspapers "The Pope, due to the innocence of his virginity, could not be aware of the fact that... ". And such a premise was written several times, since Giovanni Battista wanted it to be known that he had a virgin penis, and he wanted it because the Scriptures prophesy that 144,000 virgins and martyrs will receive a robe of light in Paradise. Giovanni Battista wished to be in the quota.

The chronological reconstruction of the history of Barbonia City. Milan, 1 May – 12 June, 1967

In the last days of April, the situation was chaotic in The Cave, due to too many people crowding inside and outside of it.
In the late evening of April 30, Umberto Tiboni and Melchiorre Gerbino asked the people who were there to leave The Cave. And they locked the entrance to it, which had been open day and night for more than three months. Outside, in a portcullis, a sign was placed with instructions on how to reach the Mondo Beat campsite.

On May 1, some of us entered the camp with the first tents. That day, while in the city center there were Labor Day celebrations, we remained laying on the grass of our lawn, to admire the Alps, which stood out against the horizon.

On May 3 morning, Eros Alesi Pasticca arrived at the campsite with a tent. Those who were there ran to greet him. Pasticca was the natural detector of moods and trends of the Base of Mondo Beat. Since he liked being at the campsite, many others would have liked it too. In fact, other young people arrived on the same day, including French, Germans and Australians. Some high school students, who used to attended The Cave, also came for a visit.
Each passing day, more and more boys and girls are camping in Barbonia City.

On May 8, Gunilla and Nino arrived from Sicily. They were in good shape. I had not seen Nino for more than a year. He had lived with my parents and grown up in a beautiful child. He was now 2 years and 4 months. Nino liked to be at the campsite, where he went around with a tricycle that Adolfo had given him. Gunilla was the image of health and serenity.
But serenity was not compatible with the Mondo Beat Movement.

In fact, the Crespi Publishing Group, owner of Corriere della Sera and Corriere d'Informazione, and the Catholic industrialist Carlo Pesenti, owner of the evening newspaper La Notte, would attack the Mondo Beat Movement. Their three newspapers, which were based in Milan, would have adopted a coordinated strategy to convince their readers that in the Mondo Beat campsite there were drug addicts and common criminals who were corrupting underage girls, forcing them into prostitution. The 3 newspapers launched such a campaign inventing the "Bertolini affair"

(Corriere della Sera - Corriere d'Informazione - La Notte - May 13, 1967)
Indeed, Fabio Bertolini was arrested by the carabinieri in a bar of the park of the Sforzesco Castle and not in Barbonia City
The "Bertolini affair" concocted by Corriere della Sera, Corriere d'Informazione and La Notte, to discredit Mondo Beat.

On May 13, these 3 articles, reproduced above, were published respectively in these 3 newspapers. In these articles was described the story of two 15 year old girls, from Sesto San Giovanni (a city that forms a whole with Milan) who, in a spirit of adventure, had traveled to Rome with Fabio Bertolini, a young man who, once in Rome, forced them into prostitution with several men. In these articles, Fabio Bertolini was described as a Beat, who was eventually captured by the carabinieri at a Beat campsite in the Vigentina district. None of these articles said that the campsite belonged to Mondo Beat, but none of the readers could doubt it, because, apart from the Mondo Beat campsite, there were no other Beat campsites elsewhere in the world.
We didn't know the 2 girls from Sesto San Giovanni, nor Fabio Bertolini, and we finally learned that he had been arrested by the carabinieri in a bar in the park of Castello Sforzesco.

A few days later, on May 17, another article appeared in the Corriere della Sera, which was a counterattack to Mondo Beat's article published on the cover of the fifth issue. Corriere della Sera attacked Mondo Beat and its campsite head-on. The Beats were depicted as a scum of lazy and dirty individuals who spread drugs and prostitution and the affair of the two girls from Sesto San Giovanni was recalled as an example. But there was something more in this article, which was alarming, since Adriano Carminati, a notorious fascist activist, was portrayed as a former communist who had joined the Beats and was now the cook in Barbonia City (which was not true, as Roccia was the cook). With a long description, Adriano Carminati was represented as one of the main characters in Barbonia City, when in reality he was not at all. Since among the journalists of Corriere della Sera there were some who operated as intelligence agents (this was common in all Italian newspapers), now we had to wonder why they introduced Adriano Carminati, who was an unknown person, to the general public, and describing him as the camping cook. Before it, we had not suspects concerning Adriano Carminati, because there were former fascists (and former communists) who had joined the Movement and came to camp in Barbonia City, but after this article, the question had to be asked why Adriano Carminati had arrived at the campsite with a large cylinder of gas for cooking. He would not have needed it, if he had to fry two eggs. Had he brought this cylinder of gas to carry out a terrorist attack?
Below, the article from Corriere della Sera

(Corriere della Sera – May 17, 1967)
The notorious fascist Adriano Carminati presented to the general public as a charismatic Beat
A village of longhairs on a bank of the Vettabbia brook. 1392 longhairs arrested by the police in ten months.

It was May 17th when this article appeared in the Corriere della Sera. Since on the 21st the National Meeting of the Anarchists would take place in the city of Carrara, in which Mondo Beat would participate, we decided to counterattack the Corriere della Sera once we had returned from Carrara to Milan.

The fascist activist Adriano Carminati came along with the youths of Mondo Beat to Carrara, to take part in the event. He liked so much one of Melchiorre Gerbino's slogans "Less saints - more condoms" that once in Carrara he wrote it in a sign and carried it, really enjoying himself.

(Il Borghese)
Carrara is the Italian city with the most consolidated anarchist tradition
National Meeting of the Anarchists in Carrara, May 21, 1967. Adriano Carminati with the sign "MENO SANTI PIÙ PRESERVATIVI" (Less Saints - More Condoms)

Let me spend some words on fascists, communists and anarchists of the time of Mondo Beat, for sure, I have known them well.
We, the anarchists, were equidistant from communists and fascists, we assumed a good-natured attitude towards them, as to tell them "Come on, make an effort and you too become anarchists!".
The communists, who hated the fascists to death, had a certain sympathy for the anarchists, because together with them they had fought during the Spanish Civil War.
In their turn, the fascists, who harbored mortal hatred towards the communists, they too have shown some sympathy for the anarchists, since Mussolini's father had been a militant anarchist (he had called his son Benito in honor of Mexican president Benito Juárez, who had Emperor Maximilian Habsburg executed by a firing squad!)
I have explained this to say that, yes, I was concerned about the arrival of fascist activist Adriano Carminati in Barbonia City with a large cylinder of gas, but on the other hand I thought that Adriano Carminati would have avoided making hurt the young people of Mondo Beat, once he had made sure they were anarchists and not communists.

Upon his return from Carrara to Milan, Melchiorre Gerbino asked for the support of Giò Tavaglione, to prepare the windows of The Cave in a frontal counterattack against the Corriere della Sera

The Bertolini affair. The counterattack of Mondo Beat
Enjoy an anal cleaning with the Corriere

The poster, shown higher of where Melchiorre Gerbino is seated, reads: "Fabio Bertolini, the profiteer of the 2 girls from Sesto, was not arrested here or at a campsite in the Vigentina area, but in the Corriere della Sera premises, among the slaves of the Crespi Group".
The poster to the right of the window, the one at the bottom, reads "Enjoy an anal cleaning with the Corriere".

Another window of The Cave was prepared by Melchiorre Gerbino and Giò Tavaglione in collaboration

The new tramps and the old cheaters
Corriere della Sera, the daily parturition of misinformation

On the jute canvas reads "The new tramps and the old cheaters" (I NUOVI BARBONI E I VECCHI IMBROGLIONI) and are shown the headers respectively of Mondo Beat and Corriere della Sera. On the right of the window, there is a birth bow and the writing "The daily parturition of misinformation" (IL QUOTIDIANO PARTO DI DISINFORMAZIONE). The flower inside the birth bow was made of toilet paper and stained with chocolate as excrement.

Finally, in Barbonia City, on a large tarpaulin there was written "Good people, the Corriere della Sera tells you bullshit!" (BUONA GENTE, IL CORRIERE DELLA SERA VI RACCONTA LE BALLE!). And the tarpaulin was exposed in the center of the campsite.

(La Notte)
The tarpaulin was exposed in the center of Barbonia City campsite
Good people, the Corriere della Sera tells you bullshit!

Such a tarpaulin was shocking to the many spectators who came to watch Barbonia City, since what was written in Corriere della Sera was blindly believed by the mass of people of the time.

Subjected to this type of attack, which was unprecedented, namely the Contestation, Corriere della Sera, the most authoritative newspaper in Italy, and its vassals, Corriere d'Informazione and La Notte, have lost control.
Below, a collage of headlines of articles published by Corriere della Sera, Corriere d'Informazione and La Notte, which have appeared in those 10 days when the 3 newspapers have lost control and credibility

The bombing of defamatory news, with which the 3 newspapers attacked the Mondo Beat Movement, overcame by far the measure of credibility
The ten historical days when Corriere della Sera, Corriere d'Informazione and La Notte have lost control and credibility

A comment on the way in which this media campaign against the Beats was concocted.
When the Vatican decided to eliminate Mondo Beat at any price and this task was entrusted to the Italian government, among the many shameful characters, Giuseppe Montesano emerged. He was the police commissioner in Monza, the main city of Brianza, a city which forms a whole with Milan as urbanization. Giuseppe Montesano was originally from Puglia, the type of police commissioner, transferred to Northern Italy, ready to serve power in any measure to obtain personal benefits.
The good opportunity was given to Giuseppe Montesano when 5 Beats accompanied a 16-year-old girl, Mariangela Sala, to a hospital. The girl had been shot in a leg by Salvatore Santacroce, a 18 years old Sicilian, a common criminal wanted for aggravated theft, unauthorized possession of firearms, evasion from a juvenile prison in Palermo. Salvatore Santacroce was hiding in Brianza, where he had formed a gang with other common criminals. The girl, who had run away from home, had had a flirt with him over the course of a week, after which she wanted to end the relationship, but then Santacroce shot her in a leg. This had happened in Monza, outdoors, late at night. The 5 Beats, having accidentally met the injured girl, accompanied her to a hospital. But then police commissioner Giuseppe Montesano, instead of praising them, incriminated the 5 Beats as accomplices of the one who had injured the girl, who meanwhile had escaped capture. Furthermore, police commissioner Giuseppe Montesano would classify as Beats all young criminals arrested in his jurisdiction in the last weeks.
What a perfect opportunity he offered to Corriere della Sera, Corriere d'Informazione and La Notte!
And we saw the headlines of the articles these newspapers reportedly published on the Beats. They were accused of orgies with narcotics and firearms, during which eighteen of them had raped a disabled girl. And Salvatore Santacroce, the gangster who shot Mariangela Sala, would be qualified, by La Notte, as leader of the Beats.
After this delicate work he did in Brianza, police commissioner Giuseppe Montesano was promoted from Monza to Turin. Then, thanks to other delicate operations, he was promoted to the rank of "questore", which in Italy is the highest promotion for a police officer. And as a "questore", Giuseppe Montesano would have proved how he was a murderer, when a suspect under investigation, Salvatore Marino, died of a mysterious death in the premises of the Palermo mobile team.
Needless to say, the Vatican glorified Giuseppe Montesano. Books and movies have been produced and widely distributed, which illustrate his noble figure.

Giuseppe Montesano, a shameful character
Giuseppe Montesano.

Below, a reproduction of the complete text of the articles concerning this campaign against the Beats in Monza, concocted by Corriere della Sera, Corriere d'Informazione and La Notte in cahoots with police commissioner Giuseppe Montesano. In each article Montesano is mentioned as the official who faced the dramatic situation created by the Beats in Brianza

Corriere della Sera 24.5.67   Corriere d'Informazione 24.5.67   Corriere d'Informazione 25.5.67   La Notte 25.5.67   La Notte 26.5.67   Corriere d'Informazione 26.5.67   La Notte 27.5.67

At the end of this grotesque farce, which lasted 5 days, all the about fifty Beats, who had been investigated by Montesano, were promptly released by the judiciary, as they were foreign to any criminal fact, but Corriere della Sera, Corriere d'Informazione and La Notte did not provide any news about this, since they were busy looking for other crimes perpetrated by the Beats elsewhere. And in fact Corriere della Sera has published another article on the Beats, this time signaling their indecent behavior in the heart of Milan

Corriere della Sera 29.5.'67
The Beats ridiculing the workers and playing the underage girls at dice

This article was so ridiculous, because of the accusations made against the Beats, that even ordinary people made jokes on the Corriere della Sera and Guido Crepax, a famous artist, made a cartoon, published in Mondo Beat N. 5. (Here you can see it with the translation in English)

Below, the reproduction of the 5 articles by La Notte, which were a concentrated of baseness disguised as sincerity. With these 5 articles, which covered a full page each, La Notte intended to give a death blow to the image of Mondo Beat, instead it would have created a greater stream of sympathy towards the Movement. La Notte was mainly distributed in Milan and the surrounding area, so its readers knew well the Beats and how they were kind and honest youths. In these articles was too evident the forcing by which La Notte wanted to distort the true history of the Movement and its characters, who were well known in Milan. Even more, it was understandable that no journalist had gone into hiding in Barbonia City, but the articles had been invented with information provided by spies who had infiltrated the campsite and had been written under the supervision of a priest, as there was parochial terminology in those articles.

La Notte May 30,1967     La Notte May 31,1967     La Notte June 1,1967     La Notte June 2,1967     La Notte June3,1967

The consequences of the clash.
The bombing of defamatory news with which Corriere della Sera, Corriere d'Informazione and La Notte invested the Mondo Beat Movement overcame by far the measure of credibility, consequently, the majority of the Milanese readers of these newspapers ended up not believing anymore in everything that these newspapers wrote. This campaign against the Beats would have produced mass awareness about the nature of the media, first in Milan, then in Italy at large. In fact, prior to this, in order to silence someone, it was enough that you said: "Shut up, because it was written in the newspaper!". After this campaign, you would have been asked: "The newspaper owned by whom!?". And this was a historical step, so let’s considering what happened because of it.
Let's say that for sure the Vatican had requested a campaign against Mondo Beat, but the 3 newspapers exaggerated with their attacks, and this because they were furious, due to the counterattacks of Mondo Beat, which they did not expect. Since the editorial staffs of these 3 newspapers were made up of a mix of southern characters, who were suffering the complex of omnipotence, and of northern ones, the sons of a dad who were catching butterflies, they all fell in the trap prepared by Mondo Beat. They did not realize that a daily campaign against the Beats would have drawn mass attention towards the Movement and consequently a greater consideration of it. And since in clamorous controversies the public is always divided, the fact that every day 56 million Italians were informed about those criminal Beats would have caused the appreciation for the Movement of at least 28 million of them. And since the eggheads of the 3 newspapers would have engaged in a combat in which 3 elephants wanted to kill a flea with proboscis shots, all 56 million Italians, pros and cons, no matter, would have had fun.
But, in the end, the 3 newspapers would have suffered atrocious consequences. Two of them, Corriere d'Informazione and La Notte, would have died for lack of readers. The Corriere della Sera, invested by the Contestation, had to protect its headquarters, with the army, for years, while disaffection of many of its readers would have created the conditions for the birth of two new dailies, Il Giornale and La Repubblica and the readers of this second newspaper would have become more numerous than those of the Corriere della Sera. In fact, the Corriere della Sera, which before the Contestation was a newspaper of international reference, would have been reduced to what is today, a newspaper of second rang. The Crespi Group itself, which owned dozens of publications, would have disappeared from the scene after a series of bankruptcies, and it would have disappeared also from memory, because the power, mortified by the defeat, would have erased all memory of it.
Yes, the proboscis strokes intended to kill the flea, would have caused an earthquake of magnitude 9, so devastating that it changed not only the media panorama, but also the political one. In fact, from the time of Barbonia City, Italian youths would have abandoned in mass the sections of the political parties and not specifically for joining Mondo Beat, but because, thanks to Mondo Beat, they had realized how political parties programs were out of date. As a result, all Italian political parties (I mean all all) would have been invested by the Contestation, some would have disappeared, others would have had to be reorganized, others would have been created. Each politician in power, regardless from which party, would have lived with the nightmare of his neck under the suspended blade of the guillotine of the Contestation. (You will not find a description of all this in any publication, except for this one of mine, here, because the power is still in shock).

History of Mondo Beat - Chapter 13