Home Page
English      Italiano      Español      Français


Milan, from April, 27 to June, 3, 1967.

- The tent city of Mondo Beat arises, Barbonia City, and triggers a sexual revolution.
- The Establishment's media and those of the Mondo Beat Movement attack each other with no holds barred.



The newspaper Il Giorno was receptive and kindly sent 50 kg of spaghetti to Barbonia City every day
"Send us 50 kg of spaghetti every day at Mondo Beat campsite, Via Ripamonti. Help us contestate you!".
(The newspaper Il Giorno was receptive and kindly sent 50 kg of spaghetti to Barbonia City every day).

*
If it is true that not all families had a son or daughter who had fled to join the Beats, however among their relatives or close friends there was the case, so ordinary people knew that Mondo Beat was triggering a sexual revolution and the youths fled from their homes to join.
People's reactions towards this phenomenon were singular, each person manifesting an original reaction, which varied from absolute rejection to sympathetic complacency, but no one showed indifference.
Below is a photo, taken at the very beginning of the opening of Barbonia City, where you can see how ordinary people crowded behind the barbed wire, which delimited the campsite, to watch.
These people came from afar, since Barbonia City was located in the fields and there was no dense population around, only a few houses and some factories.

(AGI - Il Giorno)
Onlookers came from afar, since Barbonia City was located in the fields
Spectators who flocked to watch the Barbonia City campsite from the first days of opening

Some impostors describe the Barbonia City campsite as a place where the Beats camped freely, which in other words can be said as a place where the Beats camped illegally. No, it wasn't like that at all. The field was duly rented and fenced with barbed wire. And this was done with the money from the surplus of Mondo Beat magazine, which had a surplus even though its distribution was obstructed and despite the fact that it did not receive any kind of money support and did not publish any type of advertising.
These impostors distort the truth with the aim of trying to justify the behavior of the Italian judiciary, who would have ordered that a private property, the Mondo Beat campsite, should be invaded by the military and the campers' goods be destroyed while they were under arrest although not indicted of any crime. This shameful behavior would have been dictated to the judiciary by the Moro government, which was a political creature of the Vatican and obeyed its orders, as the old fags had gone mad because of the sexual revolution in Barbonia City.

Giovanni Battista Montini wanted it to be known that he had a virgin penis
Saint Paul VI and his lover, actor Paolo Carlini.

Giovanni Battista Montini (Saint Paul VI) reigned as Pope during the difficult times of the Contestation, and some of his steps were harshly contestated, but then the journalists at his service, to justify the Pope's behavior, wrote in the newspapers "The Pope, due to the innocence of his virginity, could not be aware of the fact that... ". And such a premise was written several times, since Giovanni Battista wanted it to be known that he had a virgin penis, and he wanted it because the Scriptures prophesy that 144,000 virgins and martyrs will receive a robe of light in Paradise. Giovanni Battista wished to be in the quota.

*
Talking about rules in Barbonia City, uniformed police were refused access the campsite unless they were provided by a judicial warrant. All other people could enter, if they declared they would respect the 3 obligations of Mondo Beat: no drugs, no violence, no theft. Access was free and people could stay in the campsite as long they wanted and could set up their tents for free. People were not asked to identify themselves. All youths upon arrival were informed that their parents would be welcome if they also came to the campsite.
As there would have been lies, in reactionary newspapers and magazines, about anguished parents who were prevented from accessing the campsite, here are extracts from 2 articles which prove how the parents of young runaways entered the campsite to find them and, if they found them, they tried to convince them to return home.

Lies were those of reactionary newspapers and magazines who described the anguish of parents who were prevented to access the Barbonia City camp
A mom finds her fugitive son among the longhairs and the son returns home (Novella 2000 magazine).


Lies were those of reactionary newspapers and magazines who described the anguish of parents who were prevented to access the Barbonia City campsite
The caption reads that in early June 1967, up to 40 parents came to New Barbonia each day, looking for their fugitive children (Gente magazine).

In fact, the parents of young runaways were received not only well, but also as if they were fugitive themselves. This intelligent policy made that between the staff of Barbonia City and the parents of fugitive youths there never were suspicions but sympathetic situations. And since Melchiorre Gerbino encouraged the youths to travel through Europe to emancipate, parents would have understood that in Barbonia City we did not need runaway youths, and when leaving Barbonia City, with their children or not, all parents would have shown the greatest respect for the staff of the campsite.

With regard to the press, thanks to the creation of Barbonia City, journalists would finally have understood the new-anarchist nature of the Mondo Beat Movement. Until then, they had tried to find some relationship between Mondo Beat and the Dalai Lama, the Hare Krishna, the Beat Generation. Now they would have understood that Mondo Beat was dedicated to promoting a sexual revolution in young people and this, as Melchiorre Gerbino would have explained to journalists, because once they experienced the dimension of a satisfying sex life, no one could deprive them of their right to happiness and, therefore, deprive them of their civil rights: those young people would have been ready to face anything, death, but they would not have given up. Of course, journalists couldn't write frankly like that, but at least they wouldn't have written any more nonsense, like "...Beats are unstable young people who move from one place to another without orientation, because they believe that it is however imperative to move, according to the teachings of Jack Kerouac".


The chronological reconstruction of the history of Barbonia City. Milan, 1 May – 12 June, 1967

In the last days of April, the situation was chaotic in The Cave, due the too many people crowding inside and outside of it.
In the late evening of April 30, Umberto Tiboni and Melchiorre Gerbino asked the people who were there to leave The Cave. And they locked the entrance to it, which had been open day and night for more than three months. A sign was placed outside, in a portcullis, with instructions on how to get to the Mondo Beat campsite.

On May 1, some of us entered the camp with the first tents. That day, while in the city center there were Labor Day celebrations, we remained laying on the grass of our lawn, to admire the Alps, which stood out against the horizon.

On May 3 in the morning, Eros Alesi Pasticca arrived at the campsite with a tent. Those who were there ran to greet him. Pasticca was the natural detector of moods and trends of the Base of Mondo Beat. As he liked to be in the campsite, many others would have liked it too. In fact, other young people arrived on the same day, including Frenchmen, Germans and Australians. Some high school students, who used to attend The Cave, also came to visit us.
Every passing day, more and more boys and girls came to camping in Barbonia City.

On May 8, Gunilla and Nino arrived from Sicily. They were in good shape. I had not seen Nino for more than a year. He had lived with my parents and grown up in a beautiful child. He was now 2 years and 4 months. Nino liked to be at the campsite, where he went around with a tricycle that Adolfo had given him. Gunilla was the image of health and serenity.
But serenity was not compatible with the Mondo Beat Movement.

In fact, the Crespi publishing group, owner of Corriere della Sera and Corriere d'Informazione, and the Catholic industrialist Carlo Pesenti, owner of the evening newspaper La Notte, would attack the Mondo Beat Movement. Their three newspapers, which were based in Milan, would have adopted a coordinated strategy to convince their readers that in the Barbonia City campsite there were drug addicts and common criminals who were corrupting underage girls, forcing them into prostitution. The 3 newspapers have launched such a campaign inventing the "Bertolini affair" against the image of the Mondo Beat Movement

(Corriere della Sera - Corriere d'Informazione - La Notte - May 13, 1967)
Indeed, Fabio Bertolini was arrested by the carabinieri in a bar of the park of the Sforzesco Castle and not in Barbonia City
The "Bertolini affair" concocted by Corriere della Sera, Corriere d'Informazione and La Notte, to discredit Mondo Beat.

On May 13, these 3 articles, reproduced above, were published respectively in these 3 newspapers. In these articles was described the story of two 15-year-old girls from Sesto San Giovanni (a city that forms a whole with Milan) who, in a spirit of adventure, had traveled to Rome with Fabio Bertolini, a young man who, once in Rome, had forced them into prostitution with several men. Fabio Bertolini was described as a Beat, who was eventually captured by the carabinieri in a Beat campsite in the Vigentina district. In none of the articles it was said that the campsite belonged to Mondo Beat, but none of the readers could doubt about it, as, apart from the Mondo Beat campsite, there were no other Beat campsites elsewhere in the world.
We didn't know the 2 girls from Sesto San Giovanni, nor Fabio Bertolini, and we learned that he had been arrested by the carabinieri in a bar in the park of the Sforzesco Castle.

A few days later, on May 17, another article appeared in the Corriere della Sera, which was a counterattack to Mondo Beat's article published on the cover of the fifth issue. Corriere della Sera attacked Mondo Beat and its campsite head-on. The Beats were depicted as a scum of lazy and dirty individuals who spread drugs and prostitution and the affair of the two girls from Sesto San Giovanni was recalled as an example. But there was something more in this article, which was alarming, since Adriano Carminati, a notorious fascist activist, was portrayed as a former communist who had joined the Beats and was now the cook in Barbonia City (which was not true, since Roccia was the cook). With a long description, Adriano Carminati was represented as one of the main characters in Barbonia City, when in reality he was not at all. Since among the journalists of Corriere della Sera there were some who operated as intelligence agents (this was common in all Italian newspapers), now we had to wonder why they introduced Adriano Carminati, who was an unknown person to the general public, describing him as a central character in Barbonia City and its cook. Before it, we had not suspects concerning Adriano Carminati, as there were former fascists (and former communists) who joined the Mondo Beat Movement and came to camp in Barbonia City, but after this article, the question had to be asked why Adriano Carminati had arrived at the campsite with a big gas cylinder. He would not have needed it, if he had to fry two eggs. Had he brought this gas cylinder to carry out a terrorist attack?
Below, the article from Corriere della Sera

(Corriere della Sera – May 17, 1967)
Vettabbia was the brook which bordered the east side of the Barbonia City campsite
A village of longhairs on a bank of Vettabbia brook.

Furthermore, in this article there is of interesting a subtitle, where it is said that the police had arrested 1,392 Beats over the period of ten months

 'zazzeruto' in Italian is a derogatory term to define someone who has long hair
1392 longhairs arrested by the police in ten months.

Consider that these 1392 young people were arrested in Milan alone, so imagine the proportions of the Mondo Beat Movement throughout the Italian territory and you will realize how a real youth revolution was happening.
In this subtitle, "Fermati" (arrested) was ironically written in quotes, since it was impossible to arrest those youths, in the sense that, subjected to a mandatory expulsion order or imprisoned for a month, they would still return to the Movement again.
The Corriere della Sera called the youths of the Mondo Beat Movement "zazzeruti" (singular "zazzeruto"), which in Italian is a derogatory term to define someone with long hair.
As it was on May 17 that this article appeared and since the 21st would be the National Meeting of Anarchists in the city of Carrara, in which Mondo Beat would participate, we decided to counterattack the Corriere della Sera once we returned from Carrara to Milan.

*

The fascist activist Adriano Carminati came along with youths from Mondo Beat to Carrara, to take part in the event. He liked so much one of Melchiorre Gerbino's slogans, that once in Carrara he wrote it in a sign and carried it, really enjoying himself.

National Meeting of Anarchists - Carrara, May 21, 1967 (photo from Il Borghese magazine)
The National Meeting of Anarchists in Carrara, May 21, 1967
Adriano Carminati with the sign "MENO SANTI - PIÙ PRESERVATIVI" (less saints - more condoms)

Note:
Let me spend some words on fascists, communists and anarchists of the time of Mondo Beat, for sure, I have known them well.
We, the anarchists, were equidistant from communists and fascists, we assumed a good-natured attitude towards them, as to tell them "Come on, make an effort and you too become anarchists!".
The communists, who hated the fascists to death, had a certain sympathy for the anarchists, because together with them they had fought during the Spanish Civil War.
In their turn, the fascists, who harbored mortal hatred towards the communists, they too have shown some sympathy for the anarchists, since Mussolini's father was a militant anarchist (He named his son Benito in honor of Mexican president Benito Juárez, who had the emperor Maximilian of Habsburg executed).
I have explained all this to say that, yes, I was concerned because of the arrival of the fascist activist Adriano Carminati in Barbonia City with a big gas cylinder, but on the other hand I thought that Adriano Carminati would have avoided hurting the young people of Mondo Beat, once he made sure they were anarchists and not communists.

*

Upon his return from Carrara to Milan, Melchiorre Gerbino asked for the support of Giò Tavaglione, to prepare the windows of The Cave in a frontal counterattack against the Corriere della Sera

Mondo Beat's counterattack against the Corriere della Sera concerning the Bertolini affair
Melchiorre Gerbino officially on the counterattack against the Corriere della Sera (photo, ABC magazine)

With the poster shown on the left of the window, we denied that Fabio Bertolini, the one who forced the two underage girls into prostitution with several men in Rome, was arrested at the New Barbonia campsite. The poster reads: "Fabio Bertolini, the profiteer of the 2 girls from Sesto, was not arrested here or at a campsite in the Vigentina area, but in the premises of the Corriere della Sera, among the slaves of the Crespi Group".
The poster on the right of the window, the one at the bottom, reads "Enjoy an anal cleaning with the Corriere" (Prendetevi un'anata di Corriere).

Another window of The Cave was prepared by Melchiorre Gerbino and Giò Tavaglione in collaboration

The new tramps and the old cheaters
Corriere della Sera, the daily parturition of misinformation (photo, Agenzia Franco Sapi)

On the jute canvas reads "The new tramps and the old cheaters" (I nuovi barboni e i vecchi imbroglioni) and are shown the headers respectively of Mondo Beat and Corriere della Sera. On the right of the window, there is a birth bow and the writing "The daily parturition of misinformation" (il quotidiano parto di disinformazione). The flower inside the birth bow was made of toilet paper and stained with chocolate as excrement.

Furthermore, a large tarpaulin was exhibited in the Barbonia City campsite

(La Notte)
This large tarpaulin was exhibited in the Barbonia City campsite
Good people, the Corriere della Sera tells you bullshit! (photo, La Notte)

On this tarpaulin was written "Good people, the Corriere della Sera tells you bullshit!" (Buona gente, il Corriere della Sera vi racconta le balle!).
Remember we were in the year 1967, a time when ordinary people blindly believed in what was written in the newspapers and the Corriere della Sera, being the main Italian newspaper, was regarded by ordinary people as a sacred institution. So, consider what a shocking effect the posters shown in the windows of The Cave, and this tarpaulin in Barbonia City, would have had on ordinary people.

Subjected to this type of attack, which was unprecedented, namely the Contestation, at the Corriere della Sera they would have lost control, and we will see how and the consequences of this.

I have already made descriptions of judges and police commissioners, transferred from southern to northern Italy, selected by the Vatican and placed under its orders.
Among these officials, there was the police commissioner Giuseppe Montesano. He was originally from Puglia and served as a commissioner in Monza, the main city of Brianza, a city that forms a whole with Milan as urbanization.
Montesano had ordered his agents to confiscate the third issue of Mondo Beat magazine, that issue whose cover was made with a collage of mandatory expulsion orders and his agents had snatched the copies from the hands of the Beats who sold them on the streets of Monza. We had denounced this in a poster displayed in a window of The Cave on the occasion of the hunger strike

We had denounced this in a poster displayed in a window of The Cave
Copie del giornale sequestrate a Monza - Copies of our magazine seized in Monza

Most likely, Montesano was not commanded to confiscate those copies and did so in the purpose of being noticed by the Establishment. Obviously, the Establishment noticed this brave police commissioner, so when the time came, Montesano was invited to collaborate with Corriere della Sera in concocting a campaign against the Beats and Montesano would quickly have fabricated a situation for doing it.

The good opportunity was given to Giuseppe Montesano when 5 Beats accompanied a 16-year-old girl, Mariangela Sala, to a hospital. The girl had been shot in a leg by Salvatore Santacroce, a 18 years old Sicilian, a common criminal, wanted for aggravated theft, unauthorized possession of firearms, evasion from a juvenile prison in Palermo. Salvatore Santacroce was hiding in Brianza, where he had formed a gang with other common criminals. The girl, who had run away from home, had had a flirt with him over the course of a week, after which she wanted to end the relationship, but then Santacroce shot her in a leg with a carbine. This happened outdoors, in Monza, late at night. The 5 Beats, having accidentally met the injured girl, accompanied her to a hospital. But then police commissioner Giuseppe Montesano, instead of praising them, incriminated the 5 Beats as accomplices of Salvatore Santacroce, who meanwhile had escaped capture. Furthermore, Giuseppe Montesano would classify as Beats all the criminal arrested in his jurisdiction in the last weeks and finally he would have classified Salvatore Santacroce as a leader of the Beats

We will now see a collage of the titles of the articles that Corriere della Sera, Corriere d'Informazione and La Notte published when they attacked the Mondo Beat Movement for 10 consecutive days

The bombing of defamatory news, with which the 3 newspapers attacked the Mondo Beat Movement, overcame by far the measure of credibility
The ten historical days when Corriere della Sera, Corriere d'Informazione and La Notte have lost control and credibility

Below, the reproduction of the full text of the articles concerning the campaign against the Beats from Brianza, in each of which the police commissioner Giuseppe Montesano is mentioned, as he investigated all the Beats from Brianza and all the girls who were contaminated by them, and mention is made of Giuseppe Montesano's courage, who faced the Beats even when they fired to kill him

Corriere della Sera against the Beats on May 24, 1967   Corriere d'Informazione  against the Beats on May 24, 1967   Corriere d'Informazione against the Beats on May 25, 1967   La Notte  against the Beats on May 25, 1967   La Notte against the Beats on May 26, 1967   Corriere d'Informazione against the Beats on May 26, 1967   La Notte against the Beats on May 27, 1967

At the end of this grotesque farce, which lasted 5 days, all the about fifty Beats, who had been investigated by Montesano, were promptly released by the judiciary, as they were foreign to any criminal fact, but Corriere della Sera, Corriere d'Informazione and La Notte did not provide any news about this, since they were busy looking for other crimes perpetrated by the Beats elsewhere. And in fact Corriere della Sera published another article on the Beats, this time signaling their indecent behavior in the heart of Milan

Corriere della Sera against the Beats on May 29, 1967
The Beats ridiculed workers while they played their underage girls at dice.

Regarding Giuseppe Montesano, after this delicate work he did in Brianza, he was promoted from Monza to Turin. Then, thanks to other delicate operations, he was promoted to the rank of "questore" (official in charge of the police in a provincial capital), which in Italy is the highest promotion for a police officer. And as a "questore", Giuseppe Montesano would have proved who he was in reality, when a suspect under investigation, Salvatore Marino, died of a mysterious death in the premises of the Palermo mobile team.
Needless to say, the Vatican has glorified Giuseppe Montesano. Books and films have been produced and distributed, illustrating his noble figure, and his widow is still invited to talk romantically about him.

Two different kinds of criminals
The mobster Salvatore Santacroce and the police commissioner Giuseppe Montesano
Salvatore Santacroce hit Mariangela Sala in a leg with a carbine. Giuseppe Montesano had Salvatore Marino assassinated on the premises of the Palermo mobile team.

As the history of the Mondo Beat Movement didn't end because of these two shameful characters, Salvatore Santacroce and Giuseppe Montesano, we will continue with its reconstruction. Below, there is the reproduction of the 5 articles by La Notte, which covered a full page each and appeared in five consecutive days.
They were a concentrated of baseness disguised as sincerity. With these 5 articles, La Notte intended to give a death blow to the image of Mondo Beat, instead it would have created a greater stream of sympathy towards the Movement. In these articles was too evident the forcing by which La Notte wanted to distort the true history of the Movement and its characters, who were well known in Milan. Even more, it was understandable that no journalist had hidden in Barbonia City, but the articles were invented with information provided by spies who had infiltrated the campsite and had been written under the supervision of a priest, because they reeked of false morality and parochial terminology.

La Notte against the Mondo Beat Movement, May 30,1967     La Notte against the Mondo Beat Movement, May 31,1967     La Notte against the Mondo Beat Movement, June 1,1967     La Notte against the Mondo Beat Movement, June 2,1967     La Notte against the Mondo Beat Movement, June 3,1967


The consequences of this 10 days press campaign against the Beats concocted by Corriere della Sera, Corriere d'Informazione and La Notte.

Although their free love behavior was questionable, and their commitment to asserting civil rights was extreme, however, no one, if not in bad faith, would have denied that the Beats were nonviolent and honest young people. And they were known throughout Italy and in particular in Milan.
Because the bombing of defamatory news with which Corriere della Sera, Corriere d'Informazione and La Notte invested the Mondo Beat Movement overcame by far the measure of credibility, the majority of the Milanese readers of these newspapers ended up not believing anymore in everything these newspapers wrote. Indeed, this campaign against the Beats would have produced mass awareness about the nature of the media, first in Milan, then in Italy at large. Prior to this campaign against the Beats, in order to silence someone, it was enough that you would say: "Shut up, because it was written in the newspaper!". After this campaign, you would have been asked: "The newspaper owned by whom!?". And this was a historical step, so let’s considering what happened because of it.
Let's say that for sure the Vatican had requested a campaign against Mondo Beat, but the 3 newspapers exaggerated with their attacks, and this because they were furious, due to the counterattacks of Mondo Beat, which they did not expect. They did not realize that a resounding campaign against the Beats would have drawn more mass attention towards the Movement and consequently a greater consideration of it. And since in clamorous controversies the public is always divided, the fact that every day 52 million Italians were informed of the Beats would have caused sympathy for the Movement of at least 26 million of them. And since the 3 newspapers would have engaged in a combat in which 3 elephants wanted to kill a flea with proboscis shots, all 52 million Italians, pros and cons, no matter, would have had fun.
But, in the end, the 3 newspapers would have suffered atrocious consequences. Two of them, Corriere d'Informazione and La Notte, would have died for lack of readers. Concerning the Corriere della Sera, as it was invested by the Contestation, it had to protect its headquarters with the police for years, while disaffection of many of its readers would have created the conditions for the birth of two new dailies, Il Giornale and La Repubblica and the readers of this second newspaper would have become more numerous than those of the Corriere della Sera. In fact, the Corriere della Sera, which before the Contestation was a newspaper of international reference, would have been reduced to what is today, a newspaper of second rang. The Crespi group itself, which owned dozens of publications, including Corriere della Sera and Corriere d'Informazione, would have disappeared from the scene after a series of bankruptcies, and it would have disappeared also from memory, because the power, mortified by the defeat, would have erased all memory of it.
Yes, the proboscis strokes intended to kill the flea, would have caused an earthquake of magnitude 9, so devastating that it changed not only the media panorama, but also the political one. In fact, from the time of Barbonia City, Italian youths would have abandoned in mass the sections of the political parties and not specifically for joining Mondo Beat, but because, thanks to Mondo Beat, they had realized how political parties programs were out of date. As a result, all Italian political parties (I mean all all) would have been invested by the Contestation, some would have disappeared, others would have had to be reorganized, others would have been created. Each politician in power, regardless from which party, would have lived with the nightmare of his neck under the suspended blade of the guillotine of the Contestation. (You will not find a description of all this in any publication, except for this one of mine, here, because the Vatican is still in shock).

History of Mondo Beat - Chapter 13