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Umberto Tiboni managed The Cave, the heart of the Mondo Beat Movement
Umberto Tiboni


Introduction to "Mondo Beat No. 2".

Understandably, there were developments after the Rally to Contestate the Establishment, due to the huge media coverage of the event.
New youths, who had not had ties to the Beats before the Rally, arrived at The Cave. Since they would have easily understood that they were not requested to integrate into a given program, but the way they wanted to participate in Mondo Beat would have been part of the reality of the Movement, they would have easily integrated. These youths were discrete, not intrusive at all, on the contrary, they were careful not to be so, while they sincerely wanted to participate in the Movement and did generously. Fortunately, there were many of them and among them there was also a genius, Giò Tavaglione, who would quickly become the designer of Mondo Beat and the most intimate collaborator of Melchiorre Gerbino.
But, unfortunately, other types also came to The Cave, people who avoided the risks of participating in the events organized by the Movement but wanted to publish their writings in the Magazine. These people, besides be cowards, didn't understand what was going on with the Contestation, confused as they were by the deafening campaign about the Beat Generation, orchestrated by Fernanda Pivano, the CIA agent, therefore they wrote nonsense. They were intrusive, and some of them took the breath away from Melchiorre Gerbino, for the insistence whit which they wanted their writings to be published. Melchiorre Gerbino has published some of their writings, to get rid of the most insistent of them.
At this point, you may wonder about Melchiorre Gerbino's behavior, that is to say, if it was reasonable that he made concessions to people who bothered him, so far that he published their stupidities to get rid of them. Let's say then that Melchiorre Gerbino was an anarchist who understood that Mondo Beat situation was precarious and its season short. But he also knew that people move en masse only for short seasons and that are these short seasons, when people move en masse, which produce the great changes in history, the steps of no return. One of these steps of no return would have been the mass contestation, if it happened, and to this goal Mondo Beat was devoted. Or, let's say it more explicitly: as led by Melchiorre Gerbino, Mondo Beat was a kamikaze movement aimed at triggering the first mass contestation. And in reality, Mondo Beat was in a kind of race against the clock, to trigger a mass contestation before its inevitable exhaustion as a movement. And, at this point, it is worth mentioning once again that the Dutch Provo Movement, which was almost exhausted, and the Free Speech Movement, which was in decline, hadn't been able to mobilize the masses, they had motivated youths and intellectuals, but not the masses. As Melchiorre Gerbino thought, it was possible that, due to historical cycles, the mass would mobilize again starting from Milan, from the same places from where Fascism had started, also in mind that the Contestation was the antidote to Fascism (and to all racist and dictatorial political systems in general).
Would Melchiorre Gerbino have been hampered in his race against the clock, because people like Livio Cafici, Giuseppe Franzosi, Claudio Pitschen... wanted to publish their writings in the Magazine!?
Melchiorre Gerbino could not ask them to leave the facilities of Mondo Beat, because he did not have the authority. So, to keep them away, he had to resort to publish some of their writings, and he did on the strict condition that they did not attend The Cave, avoiding by this that these people, who couldn't refrain from an unbearable blah blah, would bother the youths of the Base.
In addition, it must be understood that Melchiorre Gerbino acted in this way, also because the Magazine had little value in provoking mass contestation, since it only reached a few thousand people, almost all of them in northern Italy, and the articles published in it would have been read weeks after they were written. On the other hand, as I have already explained, the windows of The Cave were of great importance, as the posters displayed there were photographed and reproduced in newspapers and magazines and seen by the hundreds of thousands people in real time. Indeed, in the windows of The Cave, Melchiorre Gerbino rode the Tiger of the Contestation and he did not allow any of these boring people to approach the windows, nor did any of them try to do so, since all of them had the obsession to be published in the Magazine. In fact, all the posters displayed in the windows were prepared only by Melchiorre Gerbino, then by Melchiorre Gerbino and Giò Tavaglione in collaboration.

(Posters displayed in the windows of The Cave, published by the main Italian newspapers and magazines)
A part of these posters was conceived and prepared by Melchiorre Gerbino alone, before Gio Tavaglione's arrival at Mondo Beat, the rest by the two in collaboration
(Of these posters, you find the English translation in the relative chapters in which they are published).

By this, I do not want to mean that Mondo Beat magazine had no weight at all in triggering mass contestation, such a statement would not be true, since the Magazine motivated the Milanese students and the first mass contestation took place in their schools. Furthermore, the attack in front page that Mondo Beat magazine would have made against the Corriere della Sera (in the next issue) would have provoked, because of the reactionary press counterattack, an earthquake that would have devastated the media of the reactionary press itself, but, however, mass contestations would not have happened if the mass of people, who had not read a single line of the Magazine, wouldn't have been mobilized by the windows of The Cave.
So, yes, it was painful to publish in the Magazine the writings of insignificant characters, but, according to Melchiorre Gerbino's appraisal, there was no other way to race against the clock, without being hampered, and to arrive in time to trigger mass contestations.
In conclusion. These people who bored me, of whom I published writings on condition that they did not frequent The Cave, were said "external contributors to Mondo Beat magazine" (collaboratori esterni della rivista Mondo Beat). I will not comment on their writings, since I haven't read them completely at the time of publication, nor so far I have had the patience to do it.


Mondo Beat N. 2 (Issue 4) - March 15, 1967 - Edition: 7,000 copies.


Note. All cliches with which Melchiorre Gerbino structured this issue were kindly offered to Mondo Beat by L'Unità, who had already printed them and didn't need anymore. There is an exception, as one of the cliches of the collage of the cover, that of a priest who keeps one hand on his hat, was drawn by Giò Tavaglione at the request of Melchiorre Gerbino (and it was the first once Giò Tavaglione published one of his works).

The fourth issue of Mondo Beat magazine - Edition 7,000 copies - Milan, March 15, 1967

The fourth issue of Mondo Beat magazine - Edition 7,000 copies - Milan, March 15, 1967   The fourth issue of Mondo Beat magazine - Edition 7,000 copies - Milan, March 15, 1967   The fourth issue of Mondo Beat magazine - Edition 7,000 copies - Milan, March 15, 1967   The fourth issue of Mondo Beat magazine - Edition 7,000 copies - Milan, March 15, 1967  

The fourth issue of Mondo Beat magazine - Edition 7,000 copies - Milan, March 15, 1967   The fourth issue of Mondo Beat magazine - Edition 7,000 copies - Milan, March 15, 1967   The fourth issue of Mondo Beat magazine - Edition 7,000 copies - Milan, March 15, 1967   The fourth issue of Mondo Beat magazine - Edition 7,000 copies - Milan, March 15, 1967   The fourth issue of Mondo Beat magazine - Edition 7,000 copies - Milan, March 15, 1967


Contributors and comments on the articles:

pages 1 and 12 -
With this collage, Melchiorre Gerbino contestated the anachronistic Italian Establishment. On the cover reads "L’Italia dei nostri padri se ne va. Italia addio!" (Our parents' Italy is leaving. Farewell, Italy!).
The saying "Italia addio!" was inspired by "Africa Addio"(Farewell Africa), an Italian documentary, world famous, which showed events that occurred in Black Africa after the end of the colonial era.

page 2 -
"La squola" by Renzo Freschi. The first part of this article was published in the previous issue and I have mentioned how the issue was seized on the orders of prosecutor Antonio Scopelliti and Renzo Freschi and Melchiorre Gerbino were indicted for offending public decency.
Of Renzo Freschi's writings published in Mondo Beat magazine, this on the Italian school system is the only one truly appreciable. For this reason, the deliberately incorrect term "squola" (instead of the correct term "scuola") has been introduced in Italian literature to appear on jokes about the Italian school system.

page 3 -
In this page is the first article published by an external contributor to Mondo Beat magazine.
I still remember this external contributor, because when I showed signs of annoyance, due to his insistence on wanting to publish this article, he moved me by telling about his German mother, who killed the wolfdog with a lethal injection, because the beast was aging and shed its hair in the apartment.

pages 4 and 5 -
In this double page, there are photos of events of the Mondo Beat Movement, which had already been published by L'Unità, and there is the article "Il Corriere e i Beats" (Corriere and Beats) by Enrico. As I have mentioned, Enrico was a mysterious middle-aged character, most likely a journalist working at Corriere della Sera, who wrote against his newspaper from the pages of Mondo Beat. In this article, Enrico criticized the unfair press campaign waged by the Corriere della Sera against the Mondo Beat Movement.

On the same double page, last column on the right, there is another article by the same external contributor whose mother killed the wolfdog (see how his tormented situation moved me, that I published 2 articles of him!).

page 6 -
"Da Berkeley a noi. Una proposta per il Movimento Studentesco e la riforma della scuola" - (From Berkeley to us. A proposal for the Student Movement and school reform) by Marco Maria Sigiani.
With this article, Marco Maria Sigiani gave a valuable contribution to this issue, for the linear information he provided about the events at the University of Berkeley and his punctuality on focusing on the school situation in Italy. With this article, which treated of the real youth revolt in the United States, Marco Maria Sigiani blew the wind of counter-information among Milanese high school students.

page 7 -
"Da Berkeley a noi. La scuola come fabbrica di cervelli, destinata a preparare materiale umano per l'industria" - (From Berkeley to us. The school as a brain factory, programmed to prepare human material for industry) by Marco Maria Sigiani.
In this article, there are Marco Maria Sigiani's assessments on the Free Speech Movement, quotes from Mario Savio's reflections and Sigiani's personal reflections on the Italian school.

page 8 -
The writings by two external contributors to Mondo Beat magazine.

page 9 -
"Ma chi sono?" (But who are they?) by Cecilia, on the Beats.

On the same page, "La libertà sessuale" (Sexual freedom) by Carlo Masi. He was one of the first college students to join the Mondo Beat Movement. He subsequently graduated as a psychoanalyst. Carlo Masi was a close friend of Vittorio Di Russo and Melchiorre Gerbino.

page 10 -
"LETTERA APERTA A MONDO BEAT" (Open letter to Mondo Beat) by Monica Maimone and Marco Maria Sigiani's reply.
Monica Maimone was a young communist activist who criticized the Mondo Beat Movement for methods and practices with which it faced power, which in her opinion were not efficient, and, of course, she praised Communism.
Marco Maria Sigiani replied to Monica Maimone. What Marco Maria Sigiani has ironically written is interesting to read, since it shows the intellectual independence the Mondo Beat Movement had from the Communists, while in the meantime Mondo Beat confronted the Establishment. Here is the translation of some excerpts from the reply to Monica Maimone by Marco Maria Sigiani:
(FINALMENTE ELIMINATI I PROBLEMI DELL'UMANITÀ)
"FINALLY MANKIND'S PROBLEMS WERE ELIMINATED.
New Marxism Complex reopens the oxygenation channels of the will, nourishes, strengthens and reactivates the production process.
A massage of New Marxism Complex in the morning
revitalizes men
feeds them to the root
promotes their healthy growth and keeps them integrated throughout the day.
New Marxism Complex
eliminates discontent
stops the deficit
makes men grow more healthy and more dense...
"
Besides being the best informed, Marco Maria Sigiani was undoubtedly also the most original contributor to Mondo Beat magazine.

page 11 -
"Cronaca politica" (Political chronicle) by Etra Occhialini. It was an ironic political chronicle, which gave rise to a line of political satire of the same style, both in literature and theater.

On the same page, "Di privato non abbiamo più che il gabinetto, la memoria, l'onanismo e la morte" (We no longer have anything private except the toilet, memory, masturbation and death) by Agor Pilati (Antonio Pilati), who quoted a sentence by Andrea Fidóra to give a title to this article.
With this article, Antonio Pilati intended to pay tribute to the models of Provocation, according to the approach of the Dutch Provo Movement. But it is to be noted that this article was conceived after the terminology of the Contestation had already been formulated and the Contestation had its baptism of fire with the Rally to Contestate the Establishment. But Antonio Pilati was not aware of what had happened. A high school student preparing to take the exam, he had no time to participate in the events of the Mondo Beat Movement. While the Contestation opened new scenarios in Milan, Antonio Pilati still praised the models of the Provocation, when they were already obsolete and nothing happened anymore in Amsterdam. Antonio Pilati was so nailed to a chair and a table that he could not get to his window and see how History was passing under it.


History of Mondo Beat - Chapter 10