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Milan, February 24 - March 17, 1967

The Establishment hinders the distribution of Mondo Beat magazine and the Mondo Beat Movement faces the Establishment: it is the baptism of fire of the Contestation.

Returning to the third issue of Mondo Beat magazine, dated March 1, 1967, whose pages have been reproduced in the previous chapter, Tecnografica Milanese had delivered us 4,000 copies of it, on the afternoon of February 24.
On Saturday 25 in the morning, boys and girls of the Movement lined up in The Cave to take copies of the Magazine and sell them in the streets. Those who resided in Milan would have sold in the city center, the others in the peripheries, for not being caught by the police. Melchiorre Gerbino was one of the vendors, because he wanted to see people's reactions.
People were interested in the Magazine and bought, this because Mondo Beat was known for the many youths who joined the Movement. I sold my one hundred copies in two hours, which was no exception, almost everyone who distributed the Magazine did the same. The price of the copy was £ 100, of which 25 for the seller. So a seller, in 2 hours, would have earned £ 2,500. It was a lot of money, since a full meal, including wine, cost £ 400 in common restaurants.

On the late afternoon of Sunday 26, Umberto Tiboni announced that 6,000 copies of the Magazine were sold, 3,000 of the last issue and 3,000 residual of the previous. Therefore, Mondo Beat was broadly in surplus, without publishing any kind of advertising. In The Cave, we lived hours of joy, but they didn't last long.
The next day, traffic police were looking for the youths who sold the Magazine in the streets. They asked for the "peddler license", in the absence of which they confiscated the copies and imposed a fine of £ 18,000 for "violation of Law 121 on public safety".
After blocking the sale of the Magazine, copies of which had almost all been sold, Melchiorre Gerbino and Umberto Tiboni consulted to decide on what to do. They decided to take over themselves the tasks that Vittorio Di Russo had in Mondo Beat. Thus, Umberto Tiboni would have maintained contact between Mondo Beat, the radicals and the anarchists, while Melchiorre Gerbino would have led the Movement in public events. In this new role, Melchiorre Gerbino turned to the youths who crowded The Cave and proposed a three-day hunger strike, to attract the public's attention, then a rally to paralyze the center of Milan during the rush hours of evening traffic.
Since these proposals were accepted unanimously, messengers were sent to Genoa, Turin, Padua, Venice, Trento, Bologna, Florence, Rome ... to ask the youths of Mondo Beat to gather in Milan.

The Hunger Strike of Mondo Beat (Milan, 4-7 March 1967)

The nuns were not asked for any license to sell the magazine Famiglia Cristiana on the streets
Before us, ask the nuns for the public safety license n.121 (La licenza di P.S. 121 chiedetela prima alle monache)

One of the posters, displayed on a window of The Cave, says: "Before us, ask the nuns for the public safety license n.121", since the nuns sold copies of the Famiglia Cristiana magazine on the street without license.
On March 4, on the occasion of the beginning of the hunger strike, it was the first time that the windows of The Cave were used to display posters. From then, this practice would have been continuous. Although the posters were written in the ugly handwriting of Melchiorre Gerbino, they would have proved of great importance, as newspapers and magazines would have photographed and published them and, consequently, they would have been seen by hundreds of thousands of persons allover Italy. In fact, the windows of The Cave would have proved to be the main factor of spread of the Contestation.
Below is proof of the enormous importance of The Cave windows

 In this photo, Dante Palla is in the foreground ; Melchiorre Gerbino at the entrance of The Cave
What L'Unità has published on Mondo Beat's hunger strike on March 6th

It should be recalled that L'Unità was the official newspaper of the Italian Communist Party which, at the time of Mondo Beat, was the largest communist party in the Western world and the one with the most votes, more than any other political party, at the legislative elections in Italy. It is therefore understandable that this newspaper had a widespread distribution on the Italian territory and that a photo, like the one published above, would have been seen by hundreds of thousands of people. And not only this. Since L'Unità was linked to local newspapers and magazines, those also would have published this photo.
Now consider that Mondo Beat's hunger strike lasted from March 4th to 7th. L'Unità took this photo on the 5th and published it on the 6th, that is to say that the hunger strike was still going on and the readers of L'Unità, living in Milan and the surrounding area, still had enough time to come at The Cave to take a look.
And look now at these two photos posted below

Melchiorre Gerbino in a T-shirt
The people who thronged outside The Cave in the late evening of March 6, as the inside was completely crowded

Albert Villy Augerau plays the guitar, next to him Eros Alesi, wearing a poncho
People outside The Cave late on the evening of March 6, when photojournalists projected strong illumination on them to take photos

In fact, so many people arrived at The Cave that it could not contain them all, as you can see looking at these two photos. And consider that these two photos were taken very late on the evening of March 6. Imagine now how many people crowded in the afternoon of the same day! They were so many that traffic in Via Vicenza, the street where The Cave was located, was paralyzed and motorists had to turn to other streets.
Furthermore, when ordinary people realized that they could stay in The Cave whenever they wanted, for as long as they wanted, day and night, without being subject to any obligation, the phenomenon of the ordinary people who visited The Cave would have increased more and more. And since in The Cave there was permanently a collective exhibition of paintings by the youths of the Movement, The Cave also became a gallery and those paintings were easily sold because of the many visitors

 In this photo, from left, Zafferano, Alfredo and Loredana
The ground floor of The Cave also became a gallery.

In conclusion. Without the windows of The Cave, Mondo Beat would not have been able to trigger the Contestation. The communists liked to show images of our windows in their newspaper L'Unità, because we faced the Establishment. In turn, the conservative newspapers Corriere della Sera, Corriere d'Informazione, La Notte, could not help showing images of Mondo Beat, as their readers were also interested in the Beats, due to so many teenagers, boys and girls, who escaped from home for joining them. These conservative newspapers tried to project a negative image of Mondo Beat, but the more they insisted on doing so, the more they fell into the trap of giving resonance to Mondo Beat. All this was unprecedented, since no one had used the windows as we did in The Cave. And it was unprecedented not only in Italy, but everywhere, as the Contestation itself.

As for the hunger strike, the event was covered by the press throughout the Italian territory since the Mondo Beat Movement had already spread over it.

Articles of various newspapers on Mondo Beat's hunger strike (1)
"We decided that they have to bring us the respect due"

At the bottom left of this collage of articles, there is one by the newspaper Il Giorno, where one can read what Melchiorre Gerbino declared, during the hunger strike: "After this hunger strike, we will hold a public demonstration, we will lie down in the middle of the street. We decided that they have to bring us the respect due."

Articles of various newspapers on Mondo Beat's hunger strike (2)
"The Beats of Milan do not surrender"

The Gazzetta del Popolo of Turin was a progressive newspaper and was supporting Mondo Beat's hunger strike, as it was evident that it was made to affirm civil rights. Therefore, it titled its article "The Beats of Milan do not surrender".

Journalist Romana Rutelli exaggerated with 'We are ready to die of hunger', as none of us had declared this
Melchiorre Gerbino affirmed that the youth of Mondo Beat didn't fight against progress

Melchiorre Gerbino didn't make such a pathetic statement, that we were ready to starve to death. But he affirmed that the youths of Mondo Beat didn't fight progress, disproving what the reactionary press wanted the people to believe.

Some photos on Mondo Beat's hunger strike
The hunger strike was the first Mondo Beat event covered by the press throughout the Italian territory
Photos taken in the cellar of The Cave during the Mondo Beat hunger strike


The hunger strike ended on March 7 at noon. In the afternoon, while the portcullises of The Cave were lowered, the premises were packed with youths from many Italian cities and among them there were also some of those French, German, English guys who had rescued Florence together with the Beats.
At 4 pm, small groups of 3 or 4 youths begun to leave The Cave. Once out of The Cave, they would take different directions, for not making suspicious those cops who usually were stationed nearby. The general appointment was, at the Arch of Porta Venezia, at 6 pm on the dot.
Sent by Giuseppe Pinelli, a chimney sweep, named Vito, arrived with his van at The Cave. He was an anarchist Sacco e Vanzetti. He uploaded the signs we had prepared for the event, to leave them under the Arch of Porta Venezia at 6 pm.
Andrea Valcarenghi and Melchiorre Gerbino were the last two people to leave The Cave. Only Umberto Tiboni and Giorgio Contini remained, to keep The Cave open, because it was a refuge, as the police did not have access to it without a mandate from the magistracy, since it was the official headquarters of a duly registered magazine.

"Rally to Contestate the Establishment" (Manifestazione di Contestazione del Sistema) - Milan, March 7, 1967
(All photos are of press agencies, some have been reproduced above parts of the "Manifesto of Mondo Beat" by Giò Tavaglione)

Due to the traffic jam we caused, the military wouldn't have been able to get us before two hours from the start of the event
The "Rally to Contestate the Establishment" started from the Arco di Porta Venezia at 6 pm, from there it proceeded towards Piazza Duomo.

We started with the event at 6 pm because that was the most intense hour of evening traffic. Since it was dark at 6 pm, it was also shocking for motorists to be paralyzed. In fact, such an event was unprecedented. Due to the traffic turmoil we caused, the military wouldn't have been able to get us before two hours from the start of the event.

Dressed in white, Andrea Valcarenghi
Rally to Contestate the Establishment - Barry McBuir

Barry McBuir was an Anglo-Italian, one of the most active boys of the Base of Mondo Beat. In addition to the Rally to Contestate the Establishment, he took part in the contestation organized at the Liceo Parini (Parini High School), which was the first contestation of the Italian school. The sign, that Barry McBuir holds, reads "Violence is of the weak".

The legendary baron Dante Palla during the Rally to Contestate the Establishment
Rally to Contestate the Establishment - Dante Palla

Dante Palla was the most colorful character in the Mondo Beat Movement. A nobleman, who wandered like a vagabond, knew all the dogs that barked on the outskirts of Milan. A poet, he wrote verses only on the skin of his feet, so that they were lost when the ink discolored. It was he who gave the most nicknames to those new youths who arrived in the Movement. After the time of Mondo Beat, when it was time to occupy public buildings, Dante Palla, noblesse oblige, occupied the Sforzesco Castle.

Tella Ferrari with her inseparable notebook during the Rally to Contestate the Establishment
Rally to Contestate the Establishment - Tella Ferrari

Tella Ferrari was a 16 year old Milanese Jewish girl. She took part in the hunger strike in The Cave and in the following Rally to Contest the Establishment. She was also in the editorial staff of the magazine Mondo Beat.
Tella Ferrari's contribution to the preparation of the second issue of the magazine was invaluable. She has typewritten all the matrices, making two copies of each one, her typing was clean and free of errors.
Here a link to see Tella Ferrari again

 On the occasion of the sit-in, young girls, who lived in the Piazza San Babila's area, left their homes and joined the boys of the Base of Mondo Beat
Rally to Contestate the Establishment - Giorgio Cavalli Ombra

Giorgio Cavalli Ombra ("ombra" in Italian means "shadow") was Milanese, from a bourgeois family, and his father, displeased because of his participation in the Mondo Beat Movement, has expelled him from family, telling him "You are no longer part of our family, for us you are only a shadow" and for this Giorgio ironically adopted the nickname Ombra. He is remembered in the history of Mondo Beat as one of the most illustrious characters.
Here a link to see Giorgio Cavalli 'Ombra' in a meeting of the editorial staff of the magazine Mondo Beat.

Sit-in Piazza San Babila during the Rally to Contestate the Establishment
Rally to Contestate the Establishment - Zafferano

Zafferano, a Roman, was Eros Alesi's best friend, at the time of Mondo Beat and later, when they embarked on a trip to India with Smilzo, another boy from the Movement.
Zafferano (Saffron) has participated in all the events of Mondo Beat, always in the front line.
In interviews that he released after the time of Mondo Beat, he frankly described how the girls who spent the nights in the campground Barbonia City gave sex to all the boys who asked for. But it is worth remembering that there have never been such gentle boys as those of Mondo Beat, as they had the honor of the true heroes.

The youths of the Base of Mondo Beat were an example of courage and honor
Rally to Contestate the Establishment - The youths of the glorious "Base of Mondo Beat" and Daniele among them


The intervention of the special police unit Celere was of unjustified violence, since the Beats didn't resist
Rally to Contestate the Establishment - The savage intervention of the special police unit "Celere"

The intervention of the special police unit "Celere" was very violent and of unjustified violence, since the youths did not resist, many of them were lying passively on the ground, but the police kicked them in the ribs. The police were furious because those who led the attack against the youths of the Base of Mondo Beat made the mistake of wanting to catch us by motorized means and, due to the turbulence of the traffic we had created, they were unable to catch us before two hours of attempts. They could have caught us in ten minutes, if they had run on foot.

Rally to Contestate the Establishment - Alfio D'Agosta downed and taken to a police van

Alfio D'Agosta Giuda (Judas) was a Sicilian of a modest family, with barely enough schooling. At Mondo Beat, he has developed a great personality, showing lucidity as an orator and undertaking actions which have made of him a historical figure.

Nicola Paterlini Lino was the most talented guitarist among the many in Mondo Beat
Rally to Contestate the Establishment - Nicola Paterlini Lino before the rally and after

Nicola Paterlini nicknamed Lino was a Lombard, the most talented guitarist among the many in Mondo Beat. He was kicked by the police while lying on the ground. When news and pictures have appeared on the press, his parents rushed to Milan, to take him into care. He suffered not only from two broken ribs but also from serious lung complications.

(Note. Readers who know Italian and want to read extensively the articles that are reproduced in a too small dimension below, find a copy of them in the corresponding chapter of the history of Mondo Beat in the Italian version here).

Antonio Di Spagna was the most severely wounded among the many
Rally to Contestate the Establishment - Antonio Di Spagna Papà lying on a stretcher inside a police van.

In the Rally to Contestate the Establishment, Antonio Di Spagna was the most seriously injured among the many. He suffered a concussion from the blows to the head that the cops gave him with a sign, after they had pushed him into a van. He was guarded by the police in a hospital for two weeks, after which he was imprisoned for another two weeks, under the pretext of "resisting arrest". At the police headquarters they were embarrassed because of the past of Antonio Di Spagna in the Navy and they did the impossible to keep him away from Mondo Beat, but they did not succeed, nor could they impose a mandatory expulsion order, since he had registered residence in Milan. As documented by the media of the time, Antonio Di Spagna was a hero of the Contestation. He was from Sarconi, a town in Basilicata.

Il Giorno, which published the article reproduced above, was a government newspaper based in Milan. It showed a kind of sincere sympathy for the Mondo Beat Movement, this, because the famous journalist Giorgio Bocca, who worked there, was aware that the wind of renewal that blew from Mondo Beat was beneficial for Italian society.

In the photo, Daniele standing; Cristo di Monza half lying on the ground
Rally to Contestate the Establishment - Cristo di Monza

Cristo di Monza (Christ of Monza), of which no one knew the real name (nor did we know the name of his girlfriend, whom we called "Cristina", in assonance with him, called "Cristo") was one of those boys who attended Mondo Beat from beginning to end. He took part in all the events staged by the Movement, always in the front row. In an interview on the Canton Ticino Swiss television, he tore up the military conscription document he had received. He was shy by nature, so sometimes he might seem hostile, but in reality he was kind and supportive.

The daily Corriere d'Informazione was part of the same publishing group of the Corriere della Sera, namely the Crespi Group, which was the most powerful publishing group in Italy and the most reactionary. In the strategy of giving a negative image of Mondo Beat, the Corriere d'Informazione would not have attacked Mondo Beat frontally, but with a sort of false take note of the facts, while indeed it would have distorted the facts a little here and there, the Corriere d'Informazione in the end would always have given a negative image of the Movement.
In the photo reproduced in this article, there are Daniele standing and Cristo di Monza half lying on the ground.

L'Unità took the defence of Mondo Beat since it disturbed the government
Rally to Contestate the Establishment - Cristina

Cristina was a passionate girl and a front line activist. She took part in all the events staged by the Mondo Beat Movement. We didn't know her real name and we called her "Cristina" because she was paired with Cristo di Monza. In the Rally to Contestate the Establishment she was hurtled by a truncheon blow.

L'Unità, as the Italian Communist Party opposed the government, took the defense of Mondo Beat, since it disturbed the government.
In fact, the communists had the illusion of being able to incorporate Mondo Beat or, at least, that the Movement would have flanked them in some way. But Mondo Beat would have always made it clear that it was an anarchist movement, far from the communists as much as from the fascists.
In the photos of this article, Antonio Di Spagna Papà and Nicola Paterlini Lino lying on stretchers in a police van

The Corriere della Sera against the Mondo Beat Movement
Rally to Contestate the Establishment - Adriana, Maria, Loredana

Loredana was an 18-year-old Milanese student who attended Mondo Beat. She was a good painter and her works were appreciated by visitors to The Cave. She participated in the Rally to Contestate the Establishment.

Maria was a newly separated young mom who initiated the shy boys into sex, with a kind of relentless missionary commitment. She took part in the hunger strike and in the Rally to Contestate the Establishment.

Adriana was a 17-year-old Milanese girl who frequently visited The Cave, as can be seen in many photos. She took part in the hunger strike and the Rally to Contestate the Establishment.
Here a link to see Adriana with Daniele.
Here another link to see Adriana with Ercolino. The poster reads "One cannot kill an idea with a truncheon blow or a mandatory expulsion order".

With this article, the Corriere della Sera showed all its animosity against Mondo Beat. The conservatives suspected that, somehow, the Movement converged with the communists. But, if it is true that communists and Beats had anti-government positions, their motivations were completely different and impossible to homogenize.
In the photo reproduced in this article, the poet Eros Alesi holds the sign "NON SCHEDATE LE NOSTRE CONSCIENCE" (Do not criminalize our consciences). As stated in the same article, Eros Alesi was injured by the police and taken to the hospital to receive three stitches.

. The socialists played a double game, as they wanted to show they were progressive, when in reality they were part of a reactionary government
Rally to Contestate the Establishment - Morgan, Alfredo and Roccia who stayed apart

No one knew Morgan's real name. He participated in the Rally and, later, in the contestation of the Milan police headquarters, that he staged in Piazza Duomo, together with Eros Alesi, Cristo di Monza and Ronny, as we will see.

Alfredo was a Milanese university student, of which we can see many photos, since he actively participated in the events of the Movement, in fact he was in the hunger strike and in the following Rally.

Roccia (Rock), who would become the cook of the Mondo Beat campsite, Barbonia City, was a sincere Beat, but he didn't like so much taking part in the actions in the squares, he liked more eating sweets and playing the guitar.

The Socialists, of which "Avanti! " was the official newspaper, apparently took a moderate defense of the Mondo Beat Movement, but in reality they played a double game, as they wanted to show that they were progressive, when in reality they were part of a reactionary government.

A tumultuous protest of longhairs blocked the center of Milan for an hour
Rally to Contestate the Establishment - Two articles by Guido Boursier, of the Gazzetta del Popolo, Turin

The journalist who wrote this article, Guido Boursier, arrived at The Cave along with about twenty youths from Turin, who had come to participate in the event. In The Cave, Boursier interviewed many of us, including Frenchmen, Germans and Englishmen. Then he followed the rally. Therefore his newspaper, Gazzetta del Popolo of Turin, was the first to give the news on the event.
Boursier wrote two articles on two consecutive days, as in Turin there was great interest in following the events of the Mondo Beat Movement, since many young people from that city took part in it and those youths came from all social classes, which was an unprecedented political phenomenon in republican Italy.


Reading the articles on the "Rally to Contestate the Establishment", one can clearly see how there were two different political positions with respect to the Mondo Beat Movement, the one revealed mainly by the Corriere della Sera, which reflected the reactionary political area, that hated the Movement and wanted it to be annihilated, and the other, mainly revealed by L'Unità,, which exaggeratedly defended Mondo Beat, since the communists liked that the Movement undermined the Establishment and furthermore they hoped to incorporate it into their party. Between these two positions, which were those of the capitalist bloc and the Soviet bloc, which faced each other in the Cold War, there was a thin no man's land which headed towards the Global Village, which was not yet visible, but of whom Mondo Beat had intellectual perception. Mondo Beat would have proceeded along this no-man's land, from beginning to end, without ever conceding anything to either of the two blocks, but would instead have attracted the youth vanguard of both sides. In fact, it was after the Rally to Contestate the Establishment that the phenomenon began of youths who abandoned the political sections of the extreme left, as well as of the extreme right, and joined the Mondo Beat Movement. These politicized youths joined the Movement because they saw how great was the courage of the Beats, who faced the power openly. Then, they would have appreciated the Beats because of their sexual freedom, the Beats not letting themselves be penalized by Catholic priests or other false moralists. Finally, they would have understood how far away they themselves had been from reality, that is, they had been in the prehistory of Hiroshima, when they had Lenin's letters or Mussolini's speeches as ideological references.

Individual Contestations

The day after the rally, only a few youths have come to The Cave. Many were still shocked because of the police attack of the previous day, others waited to see what would happen with the tug of war between Mondo Beat and Police headquarters. But on that day two young lawyers have come to The Cave, Alessandro Garlatti and Carlo Invernizzi, who had the law firm not far from our seat. They said they were interested in protecting our civil rights, submitting to the Court of Milan a complaint against the Police headquarters for its unlawful conduct against Mondo Beat. They were pupils of the notorious lawyer Francesco Carnelutti. They didn't ask for money, were looking for notoriety. We have accepted their patronage.

On March 9 comings and goings at The Cave normalized.
Of forty or so youths who were caught by the police during the rally (I was quick enough to take refuge in a cinema), all those who were not resident in Milan received mandatory expulsion orders. So, some of them have decided to leave Milan, while others have decided to remain for contesting the Establishment, even knowing they would be imprisoned for at a month, if caught again by the police.

On March 10, around 8 am, six people left The Cave and walked in the direction of the Liceo Parini (Parini High School). Two of them, Alfio D'Agosta Judas and Pierluigi Perronace Prince, had been arrested during the Rally to Contest the Establishment and each had received a mandatory expulsion order. A third, the French Albert Villy Augerau, who had been deported, had returned clandestinely to Italy. The other three were, Ivan, an aristocrat of Russian descent, Barry McBuir and Melchiorre Gerbino.
The six arrived at the Liceo Parini a few moments before 8.30 am, when the bell would have rang to call the students. When the bell rang, the six climbed the stairs and formed a human cord between two columns, to block access to the school.
Then Melchiorre Gerbino has shouted to the students: "Don't tell us you're dying of the desire to be tortured by the math teacher, a fifty-year-old virgin lady with a mustache!"..
At that, a young priest made his way among the students - "Enough! - he said - We want to get inside, otherwise we will roll up our sleeves!" - and he rolled up a sleeve of his cassock. At this, Barry McBuir raised a knee against the genitals of that priest, who bowed and withdrew.
But then the principal of the Liceo Parini began to scream from a window on the facade of the building.
"You, try to be more serious and responsible! - shouted Melchiorre Gerbino to the principal - Don't let these young people become gullible like those of your generation!"
The contestation lasted more than ten minutes, until we heard the sirens of two police cars approaching, then we gave to the legs, while the principal, who had gone mad, made vulgar gestures from the window against us.
Such a contestation was unprecedented, nor the 6 of us who have staged it had foreseen that hundreds of similar contestations would have followed in Italy.
In the afternoon of that day, many students from the Liceo Parini came to visit us at The Cave. To welcome them, we have displayed a poster in a window of The Cave "Students, shout it from the desks!" (STUDENTI, GRIDATELO DAI BANCHI!)

Mondo Beat staged the first contestation of Italian school on March 10, 1967, at the Liceo Parini, Milan
The first contestation of the Italian school - Pierluigi Perronace Principe

Pierluigi Perronace Prince was a Beat of the first hour. He belonged to a family from Calabria who had migrated to Milan and lived in its suburbs, that is to say Bollate. Before taking part in the contestation at the Liceo Parini (he was one of the 6), he had participated in the Rally to Contestate the Establishment and then he had been captured and subjected to a mandatory expulsion order from Milan. Given that he lived in the suburbs of Milan, such an expulsion order would have prevented him from going to the city center, for a period of three years.
Not having complied with the injunction and having been captured again by the police, he was imprisoned for a week before being taken to court, where he was sentenced to one month in prison (but with probation, since he was defended by two young lawyers provided by Onda Verde) but the magistrate who judged Pierluigi Perronace decreed that the mandatory expulsion order he had received was still valid, consequently he was forbidden to go from Bollate to the center of Milan.
In the end, Pierluigi Perronace went to India, to put an end to this grotesque situation,


On March 11, Alfio D'Agosta Judas, who had participated in the Rally to Contest the Establishment and was one of the 6 who contested the Italian school at the Liceo Parini, told Melchiorre Gerbino his determination to engage in new actions. He was well aware that he would be imprisoned at least for a month, since he had already received a mandatory expulsion order.
So we considered how to stage a spectacular action.
We decided to glue the document of the mandatory expulsion order on a sign and to write on the sign "Stay apart from me! I am dangerous. The police headquarters has sanctioned my awareness of a free man". When the sign was ready, Melchiorre Gerbino phoned two photo reporters and on their arrival Alfio D'Agosta left The Cave and walked towards Piazza Duomo, to perform the most exemplary action in the history of Mondo Beat. He was arrested, but at the Police headquarters they had not the courage to put him in prison, since the news of his action was covered internationally. They sent him by plane to Sicily, to his parents, but it wouldn't take a long time to Alfio D'Agosta to return to Mondo Beat.

The contestation by Alfio D'Agosta was the first event staged by Mondo Beat which was covered internationally
Alfio D'Agosta performs the most exemplary action in the history of Mondo Beat


On March 12, Eros Alesi, Ronny, Morgan and Cristo di Monza contestated the Police headquarters in Piazza Duomo. They hadn't received any mandatory expulsion order, since they had residence registered in Milan, however they could have ended in jail on the pretext of "resisting the police". These are the two funniest photos of the history of Mondo Beat. Look at the faces of those who could end up in jail and the faces of the police. To perform actions as those of these youths of Mondo Beat, you had to have a great courage, because when you ended up in the Police headquarters in Milan, there were not tarallucci e vino.

From left,Eros Alesi,Morgan and Cristo di Monza

No one knew Ronny's real name and surname and which city he was from. He was not assiduous in Mondo Beat, he appeared and disappeared often. He was a very original guy. He had participated in the Rally to Contestate the Establishment, before staging this contestation against the Milan police headquarters, together with Eros Alesi, Cristo di Monza and Morgan.


On March 16, we learned from newspapers that Albert Villy Augereau was arrested and sent to prison

Albert Villy Augerau  was one of the most notorious guys in Mondo Beat
The Mondo Beat Movement loses one of its best youths, Albert Villy Augereau

Albert Villy Augerau was arrested for the first time while he was with a minor girl on the runaway from home. Then he was escorted by the police to the border Ventimiglia and repatriated to France.
But he returned clandestinely to Italy and, captured again in Milan, was taken to the Police headquarters from where he tried to escape, barefoot and with his guitar. He was imprisoned for a month, then deported to France with a Milan-Paris flight.
He was one of the most notorious guys in Mondo Beat. He took part in the hunger strike in The Cave, he was in the Rally to Contestate the Establishment, he was one of the six which have performed the first contestation of the Italian school at Liceo Parini.

This cycle of contestations ended with a poster by Melchiorre Gerbino, displayed in a window of The Cave.
The poster reads: ARRIVALS (ARRIVI) DEPARTURES (PARTENZE). Under 'Arrivals', there are the names of youths arriving to Milan from different cities they had to leave because of police mandatory expulsion orders. Under 'Departures', there are the names of youths leaving Milan, because of the same kind of injunctions.
More below reads: And The Stars Look Down (E LE STELLE STANNO A GUARDARE) and the date 17.3.67

(photo by "Lo Specchio" magazine)
The contestation of the grotesque behavior of the Italian Establishment
Arrivals - Departures and The Stars Look Down

History of Mondo Beat - Chapter 9