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Milan, from February 24 to March 17, 1967.

The Establishment hinders the distribution of Mondo Beat magazine and the Mondo Beat Movement confronts the Establishment: it is the baptism of fire of the Contestation.

On February 24, 1967, the Tecnografica Milanese delivered the 4,000 copies of the new issue of Mondo Beat magazine(whose pages are reproduced in the previous chapter).
Although decimated by the police, Mondo Beat had youths enough for distributing the magazine on the streets of Milan, youths who could not be ordered to leave Milan as they lived in the city and in the suburbs. Thus, on the morning of February 25, boys and girls lined up in the Cave, each to take one hundred copies of Mondo Beat, fifty copies of the newly published issue and fifty of the remaining copies of the previous one. Melchiorre Gerbino also went to sell, to observe people's reactions. People bought, some with an accomplice attitude, others with some critical move of the head, but bought because Mondo Beat was famous for the many youths who escaped their homes for joining the Movement. Gerbino sold his hundred copies in two hours, which was not an exception, as almost every seller would have done the same. As the price of the copy was Lire 100, of which 25 for the seller, a seller would have earned Lire 2,500 after two hours of selling, which was a lot of money, considering that a full meal, wine included, cost Lire 400 in ordinary restaurants.
Between February 25 and 26, we sold 3,000 copies of the last issue and 3,000 of the previous one. A resounding success. And we lived hours of gaiety in the Cave, but they wouldn't have lasted long, since from February 27, the traffic police were after us asking for the hawker's license, failing which, they seized the copies and imposed a fine of Lire 18,000 for "violation of Law 121 on public safety".
At that, Melchiorre Gerbino and Umberto Tiboni blocked the sale and consulted on what to do. To cope with the ongoing situation, they decided to take on the functions for which Vittorio Di Russo had been responsible. Thus, Umberto Tiboni would have maintained the contacts between Mondo Beat and the other extra-parliamentary groups, while Melchiorre Gerbino would have placed himself at the head of the Movement's public demonstrations. In this new role, Melchiorre Gerbino addressed the young people who crowded the Cave and proposed a three-day hunger strike, to attract the attention of the public, then a demonstration to paralyze traffic in the center of Milan during the evening rush hours of a working day. These proposals being accepted unanimously, messengers were sent to Genoa, Turin, Padua, Venice, Trento, Bologna, Florence, Rome... to ask the young people of Mondo Beat to gather in Milan.

Mondo Beat Hunger Strike. Milan, March 4-7, 1967.

The nuns were not asked for any license to sell Famiglia Cristiana magazine on the street
Before asking us, ask the nuns for public safety license n. 121

On March 4, on the occasion of the beginning of the hunger strike, the windows of the Cave were used for the first time to display posters. Since then, this practice would have continued uninterruptedly. Although the posters were written with the ugly handwriting of Melchiorre Gerbino, they proved to be of great importance, since they were photographed and published by newspapers and magazines and seen by hundreds of thousands of people throughout Italy. In fact, the windows of the Cave would have proven to be the main factor in spreading the Contestation among the mass of people.
I will give proof of the enormous importance of the windows of the Cave in triggering the Contestation, so I will show what the newspaper L'Unità published and what the consequences

 In the photo, Dante Palla is in the foreground ; Melchiorre Gerbino at the entrance of the Cave
What L'Unità published on March 6 on Mondo Beat hunger strike.

It has to be considered that L'Unità was the official daily of the Italian Communist Party which, at the time, was the largest communist party in the Western world and the most voted party in legislative elections in Italy. It is therefore understandable how this newspaper had distribution all over the Italian territory and that a photo and relative legend on Mondo Beat hunger strike, like this, would have been noticed by hundreds of thousands of people.
Now, consider that Mondo Beat hunger strike lasted from March 4 to 7 and this photo and relative legend appeared on the very early morning of the 6th, that is to say when people living in Milan and suburbs had time enough to come to the Cave to take a look. And now look at these two photos below

Melchiorre Gerbino in a T-shirt
People who thronged outside the Cave on the late evening of March 6, as the inside was completely crowded.

Albert Villy Augerau plays the guitar, next to him Eros Alesi, wearing a poncho
People outside the Cave on the late evening of March 6, when photojournalists projected strong illumination on them to take photos

In fact, so many people arrived, who had read about the hunger strike on the newspaper L'Unità, that the Cave could not contain them all. These two photos were taken late on the evening, imagine how many persons had thronged in the afternoon, so many that traffic in Via Vicenza, the street where the Cave was located, was paralyzed and motorists had to divert to other streets.
Indeed, Mondo Beat would not have been able to trigger mass contestation without the windows of the Cave. The communist media published posters of the windows of the Cave because we contestated the Establishment and the communists liked this. In turn, also conservative newspapers and magazines could not help but reproduce posters from the windows of the Cave, since their readers were interested about Mondo Beat, due to the many boys and girls who fled their homes and joined the Movement. Conservative newspapers and magazines tried to give a negative image of Mondo Beat, but the more they tried the more they fell into the trap of giving resonance to the Movement. All this was unprecedented, since no one had used the windows like we did in the Cave. And it was unprecedented not only in Italy, but everywhere, as the Contestation itself.

Some articles on Mondo Beat hunger strike

The event was covered by the press throughout Italy, since the Mondo Beat Movement was already known everywhere. In the case of the hunger strike, people were particularly interested because among the 15 youths who fasted 3 days and 3 nights inside the Cave, there were 6 girls, including 4 teenagers, and this was surprising in those days, almost incredible.

(Various newspapers)
Articles of various newspapers on Mondo Beat's hunger strike (1)
We decided that they have to pay us respect.

(Various newspapers)
Articles of various newspapers on Mondo Beat's hunger strike (2)
The Beats of Milan do not surrender.

(Romana Rutelli)
Melchiorre Gerbino made it clear that Mondo Beat did not fight progress, disproving what the reactionary press wanted people to believe
We do not fight progress.
Melchiorre Gerbino made it clear that Mondo Beat did not fight progress, disproving what the reactionary press wanted people to believe.

Mondo Beat hunger strike and the demonstration which would follow coincided with the annual meeting of Lombard journalists, whose official organ was "Il Giornalismo".
Here is an excerpt from the speech given on this occasion by Carlo De Martino, the President of the Order. At one point, he spoke about the situation in the Special List (Elenco Speciale), where the magazine Mondo Beat was registered. He said: "As for the Special List, we have exercised our supervision almost daily... Of course, in this work sometimes, inadvertently, we have fallen in some mistakes... Recently we had the case of a magazine we considered as a student organ... so we have granted a certificate for Mondo Beat, but instead it was not a student organ, it was, let's say, the organ of strange longhairs who frequented a strange cellar. Then they were checked and raked. And we intervened in order that this magazine will regulate its position. This, to say the sensitivity of our task...".
It was an imaginative description, but the poor president Carlo De Martino didn't know what else to say. Nor did he know what to do, because the removal of the license would have raised such a controversy that in the end De Martino should have to resign. And then, if Melchiorre Gerbino had asked the Communists for support, he would have had another license within half an hour.
Yes, the Contestation created unprecedented situations also in the Order of Journalists.

(Il Giornalismo - March 1967)
 The second in the photo from the left is Luigi Marinatto, who granted registration to Mondo Beat magazine.
The situation created by Mondo Beat magazine would have embarrassed the president of the Lombard journalists.

Some pictures of Mondo Beat's hunger strike

From various publications
The hunger strike was the first Mondo Beat event covered by the press in all of Italy
In one of the photos in this collage, Eros Alesi playing cards with Gunilla Unger.

Eros Alesi was the most popular guy in the Mondo Beat Movement. He was so indifferent to being inprisoned that at one point the police got tired and didn't arrest him anymore.
Eros Alesi is the famous poet who committed suicide when he was 19 years old. At the time of Mondo Beat he was 16. He did not write poetry and no one could imagine that he would have been remembered in universal literature as one of the most moving poets of the Sixties.

The hunger strike ended on March 7 at noon.
As we knew them and we knew their customs, the two or three police informants, who were usually in the Cave, would have gone to lunch around noon and then to siesta and would return to the Cave not before 5 pm. So, after they left, we lowered the shutters of the Cave halfway and Giorgio Contini guarded the entrance. Mondo Beat youths would have arrived from different cities, to participate in the demostration, and along with them Frenchmen, Germans and Englishmen, of those youths who had rescued Florence after the flood.
At 4 pm, the premises of the Cave were crowded and small groups of 3 or 4 young people began to leave. Once outside the Cave, they would take different directions, so as not to make suspicious those police officers who were usually assigned nearby . We would all meet at the Arco di Porta Venezia at 6 pm.
Sent by Giuseppe Pinelli, a chimney sweep named Vito, an anarchist from the Sacco e Vanzetti section, arrived with his van at the Cave. He loaded the signs we had prepared for the demonstration, to leave them at the Arco di Porta Venezia at 6 pm.
Andrea Valcarenghi and Melchiorre Gerbino were the last two to leave the Cave. Only Umberto Tiboni and Giorgio Contini would have remained there, to keep it open, as it was a refuge, since the police did not have access to the Cave without a judicial warrant.

"Demonstration to Contestate the Establishment" (Manifestazione di Contestazione del Sistema) - Milan, March 7, 1967

Chronologically, the Demonstration to Contestate the Establishment was the first of this kind in history.
A collage of titles and photos of different newspapers on the Demonstration to Contestate the Establishment.

Due to the traffic jam we caused, the military wouldn't have been able to get us before two hours from the start of the event.
The "Demonstration to Contestate the Establishment" started from the Arco di Porta Venezia at 6 pm, from there it proceeded towards Piazza Duomo.

We started with the event at 6pm as that was the busiest hour of the evening traffic.
The high rank officers from the Milan Police Headquarters, who were already at home watching TV, wouldn't have been able to organize the special "Celere" unit and catch us before two hours from the start of the demonstration, and during these two hours the city center was paralyzed by us.

The legendary Baron Dante Palla during the Demonstration to Contestate the Establishment
Demonstration to Contestate the Establishment - Dante Palla

Dante Palla was the most eccentric character in the Mondo Beat Movement, a nobleman who wandered like a vagabond, a poet who wrote verses only on the skin of his feet so that they were lost when the ink discolored. After the time of Mondo Beat, a period followed when public buildings were occupied, then Dante Palla, noblesse oblige, would occupy the Sforzesco Castle.

Tella Ferrari with her inseparable notebook during the Demonstration to Contestate the Establishment
Demonstration to Contestate the Establishment - Tella Ferrari

Tella Ferrari was a 16-year-old Jewish girl who took part in the hunger strike. She was part of the editorial staff of Mondo Beat magazine and her contribution to the preparation of the second issue was invaluable, as she typed all the matrices for mimeograph, making two copies, and her typing was clean and without errors.
On the occasion of this demonstration, she was accompanied by a Jewish boy who proceeded chained, to contestate his parents and teachers.
Here a link to see Tella Ferrari sitting at the entrance of the Cave.

In the same photo, dressed in white, Andrea Valcarenghi
Demonstration to Contestate the Establishment - Barry McBuir holding the sign LA VIOLENZA È DEI DEBOLI (Violence is of the weak).
In the same photo, dressed in white, Andrea Valcarenghi

Barry McBuir was an Anglo-Italian, one of the most active guys at the Base of Mondo Beat. In addition to the Demonstration to Contestate the Establishment, he took part in the contestation staged at the Parini High School, which was the first contestation of the Italian school.

Sit-in Piazza San Babila during the Rally to Contestate the Establishment
Demonstration to Contestate the Establishment - Zafferano

Zafferano, a Roman, was Eros Alesi best friend at the time of Mondo Bet and later, when they embarked on a trip to India with Smilzo, another boy from the Movement.
Zafferano participated in all the events of the Mondo Beat Movement, always in the front line. In interviews released after the Mondo Beat time, Zafferano frankly described how the girls who spent the nights at the Mondo Beat campsite, Barbonia City, conceded themselves to all the boys who wanted to make love to them. But it is worth mentioning that there have never been kind guys like those from Mondo Beat, as they had honor and gallantry of the true heroes.

 On the occasion of the sit-in, young girls, who lived in the area of Piazza San Babila, that is to say, the heart of Milan, left their homes and joined the boys of the Base of Mondo Beat
Demonstration to Contestate the Establishment - Giorgio Cavalli Ombra

Giorgio Cavalli Ombra ("ombra" in Italian means "shadow") was one of the most active youths from the Base of Mondo Beat. He took part in the most important events staged by the Mondo Beat Movement and also wrote for Mondo Beat magazine. He was from a bourgeois Milanese family and his father, unhappy with his participation in the Mondo Beat Movement, expelled him from the family saying: "You are no longer part of our family, for us you are just a shadow". For this, Giorgio ironically adopted the nickname Ombra.
Giorgio Cavalli Ombra is remembered in the history of Mondo Beat as one of the most illustrious characters.
Here a link to see him on the occasion of a meeting of Mondo Beat magazine. Giorgio Cavalli Ombra is the first sitting on the right.

Among the 200 youths who took part in the Demonstration to Contestate the Establishment, there was also Angelo Bianco


The intervention of the special police unit Celere was of unjustified violence, since the Beats didn't resist
Demonstration to Contestate the Establishment - The intervention of the special police unit "Celere".

In the pictures, Alfio D'Agosta Giuda downed and led to a police van. He was a Sicilian from Lentini, a boy with just enough schooling. At Mondo Beat he developed a great personality and took actions that would make him a historical figure of the Sixties.

The intervention of the special police unit "Celere" was very violent and of an unjustified violence, since the youths didn't resist at all. The police kicked youths who were passively lying on the ground. The police were furious because those who led the attack against us made the mistake of wanting to catch us by motorized means and, due to the turbulence in the traffic we caused, they were unable to catch us before two hours from the start of the demonstration. They could have caught us in a shorter time if they had run on foot.
To tell what happened when the police finally managed to reach us, it has to be said that 150 youths of the 200 who participated in the demonstration managed to escape capture. As can be seen in the photos published in the newspapers, most of the youths were dressed in normal clothes, and at the arrival of the police they ran towards the many spectators who crowded on the sidewalks and mingled with them, thus making themselves safe, because the cops would no longer be able to distinguish who was from Mondo Beat or not. As for those youths dressed as Beats, they escaped so quickly that the cops would have given up chasing them so as not to be isolated from their command. 44 youths were captured as they had been lying on the ground making passive resistance. And these youths would first be kicked and beaten with batons, then arrested.

 Both were injured by the police during the demonstration
Demonstration to Contestate the Establishment - Eros Alesi and Adriana.

In the photo, the poet Eros Alesi is holding the sign NON SCHEDATE LE NOSTRE COSCIENZE (Don't report our consciences) written with the ugly handwriting of Melchiorre Gerbino.
As for the content of the article, the Corriere della Sera ignored the brutality of the police and classified as minor injuries those of some seriously injured young people, telling they would recover in a day or two.
Eros Alesi himself was injured by the police and had to go to the hospital for medical treatment (3 stitches)
Adriana, a 17-year-old Milanese girl, was hit by a truncheon. Popular figure of the Base of Mondo Beat, she had taken part in the hunger strike.
Here, we can see Adriana and Ercolino in front of a window of the Cave, where a poster is shown, which reads You cannot kill an idea with a baton blow or a mandatory expulsion order (CON UNA MANGANELLATA O UN FOGLIO DI VIA NON SI UCCIDE UN'IDEA).

 Cristo di Monza was one of the bravest youths at the Base of Mondo Beat
Demonstration to Contestate the Establishment - Cristo di Monza.

In the photo, Daniele is standing, Cristo di Monza is half lying on the ground.
Cristo di Monza (Christ of Monza), whose real name no one knew, attended Mondo Beat from beginning to end. He took part in all the events organized by the Movement. Shy in character, so much so that he could seem hostile at times, he was actually supportive and kind. He was one of the bravest youths at the Base of Mondo Beat.
Here we can see Cristo di Monza and Tella Ferrari sitting at the entrance of the Cave.
To say about this article, the Corriere d'informazione, which published it, was a newspaper of the same publishing group as the Corriere della Sera, namely the Crespi Group, which was the most powerful publishing group in Italy and the most reactionary. In the strategy of giving a negative image of Mondo Beat, the Corriere d'informazione would not have attacked Mondo Beat head-on, but it would have misrepresented the facts here and there. In this article, the demonstration was described as a joyous stroll of young people who intended to reach the Gallery in Piazza Duomo, but were hindered by the police because they caused disturbances to the traffic.

As documented by the media of the time, Antonio Di Spagna was a hero of the Contestation
Demonstration to Contestate the Establishment - Antonio Di Spagna.

Antonio Di Spagna was one of the most severely injured in the Demonstration to Contestate the Establishment. He suffered a concussion as he was beaten on the head with a signboard after being pushed into a pickup van. He was guarded by the police in a hospital for two weeks, after which he was imprisoned for another two weeks, under the pretext of "resisting arrest". At the Police Headquarters, they were embarrassed because Antonio Di Spagna had been a sergeant in the Genova Cavalleria, one of the most famous regiments of the Italian army. They did everything to keep him away from Mondo Beat, but they did not succeed, nor could they impose a mandatory expulsion order on him, as he had legal residence in Milan. As documented by the media, Antonio Di Spagna was a hero of the Contestation. He was from Sarconi, a town in Basilicata.
In the photo published in the article reproduced above, Antonio Di Spagna Papà is lying on a stretcher inside a police van. The newspaper Il Giorno, which published the article, was a government daily based in Milan. It showed a kind of sincere sympathy for the Mondo Beat Movement, this, because the famous journalist Giorgio Bocca, who worked in Il Giorno, was aware that the wind of renewal that blew from Mondo Beat was beneficial for Italian society.

Nicola Paterlini was the most talented guitarist among the many in Mondo Beat
Demonstration to Contestate the Establishment - Nicola Paterlini.

A Lombard from Lodrino, Nicola Paterlini, nicknamed Lino, was the most talented guitarist among the many in Mondo Beat. He was kicked by the police as he laid on the ground during the Demonstration to Contestate the Establishment. When news and pictures appeared in the press, his parents rushed to Milan, to take him in care. He would have suffered not only from two broken ribs, but also from severe pulmonary complications.

As for the articles published above, the one on the left was from L'Unità, the official newspaper of the Italian Communist Party; the one to the right from Avanti!, the official newspaper of the Italian Socialist Party.
L'Unità described the military intervention against the Beats in all its brutality, which in fact occurred, as the 44 Beats who were trapped, were pushed into a courtyard by policemen and carabinieri and there they were beaten to blood, one by one, until they lost consciousness. After that, some of them would be taken to hospitals, the others directly to the Police Headquarters. Two accredited photojournalists, Lucia Guzzetti and Giancarlo Baroni, of the Publifoto agency, were also beaten and their cameras destroyed.

Referring to the article from the newspaper Avanti!, the position that the Socialists had towards the Beats would prove be complicate. In fact, the Italian Socialists had allied themselves with the Communists from the end of the Second World War until 1963, when they had changed front and had entered a government coalition with the Christian Democrats. So now, they were in the difficult situation of wanting to prove to their electors that they didn't want to stifle a youth movement like Mondo Beat, when in reality they were participating in a government managed by the Vatican, who wanted stifle it.

Two articles by Guido Boursier, of the Gazzetta del Popolo, Turin
Two articles by Guido Boursier, of the Gazzetta del Popolo, Turin
Demonstration to Contestate the Establishment - The glorious "Base of Mondo Beat".

Guido Boursier, the journalist who wrote the two articles published above, arrived at the Cave together with about twenty young people from Turin, who were to take part in the demonstration. Boursier interviewed many youths, including Frenchmen, Germans, Englishmen. Then he followed the demonstration.
He wrote two articles on two consecutive days, because in Turin there was a great political interest in following the events of the Mondo Beat Movement. At the time, Turin was the largest industrialized city in Italy and youths from this city, who participated in the Mondo Beat Movement, came from all walks of life, which was an unprecedented phenomenon, as since the defeat in the Second World War and until the appearance of the Mondo Beat Movement there had been only the class struggle in Italy.

The Base of Mondo Beat, who staged the Demonstration, was also animated by girls who participated in front line actions. In fact, if you look carefully at the photo, Daniele is the one who raises his hand, and behind his left side there is a girl, on the other side there is another girl, of which only half face can be seen. In addition to Tella Ferrari and Adriana, also Cristina, Maria, Loredana participated in the Demonstration and all together the girls were over twenty. At the time, feminist movements had not yet manifested and these heroic girls from Mondo Beat were forerunners.
As for Daniele, he was a boy from Veneto who had run away from home. Green eyes and copper hair, he was the boy most courted by the Mondo Beat girls. In photos showing him in the Cave, he is always with a girl or two. In addition to his activity as a lover, he was also active as a boy from the Base of Mondo Beat and participated in the events always in the front line.
Here a link to see Daniele and Adriana in the cellar of the Cave

Individual contestations

The day after the Demonstration, only a few youths came to the Cave. Youths were still shocked by the previous day's police attack. But that day two young lawyers came to the Cave, Alessandro Garlatti and Carlo Invernizzi, who had their law firm not far from our venue. They said they would file a complaint against the Milan Police Headquarters for the illegal conduct it had towards the Beats, if we accepted their patronage. They didn't ask for money, they frankly said they were looking for notoriety. Before establishing their own law firm, they had practiced in that of the famous lawyer Francesco Carnelutti. We accepted their patronage.

On 9 March the comings and goings normalized at the Cave.
Of the approximately forty young people who were captured by the police during the Demonstration (on that occasion Melchiorre Gerbino ran for a good kilometer taking refuge in a cinema in Piazza Cavour), all those who did not have legal residence in Milan had received orders of mandatory expulsion, thus, some of them had decided to leave the city. But others had decided to remain, to further contestate the Establishment, even though they were aware they would end up in jail for a month, if caught again in Milan.

On March 10, at 8 am, six people left the Cave and headed for the Liceo Parini (Parini High School). Two of them, Alfio D'Agosta Giuda and Pierluigi Perronace Principe had already received a mandatory expulsion order. A third, a Frenchman, Albert Villy Augerau, had been repatriated to France, but had returned clandestinely to Italy. Of the other three, one was Ivan, an aristocrat of Russian descent, and the other two were Barry McBuir and Melchiorre Gerbino.
The six arrived at Liceo Parini a few moments before 8.30 am, when the bell would ring to call the students. When the bell rang, the six went up the stairs and formed a human cordon between two columns, to block access to the institute.
Then Melchiorre Gerbino shouted to the students: "Don't tell us you're dying of the wish to be tortured by the math teacher, a fifty-year-old virgin lady with a mustache! ".
At that, a young priest made his way among the students - "Enough! - he said - We want to get inside, otherwise we will roll up our sleeves! " - and he rolled up a sleeve of his cassock. At that, Barry McBuir raised a knee against the genitals of that priest, who bowed and withdrew.
But then the principal of the institute started shouting from a window in the facade of the building.
"You! - shouted Melchiorre Gerbino to the principal - Try to be more serious and responsible! Don't let these young people become gullible like those of your generation!".
The contestation lasted until we heard the sirens of two police cars approaching, then we fled, while the principal, who had gone mad, made vulgar gestures from the window.
Such a contestation was unprecedented, nor the 6 of us who staged it, had foreseen that hundreds of similar contestations would follow in Italy.
In the afternoon of that day, many students from the Liceo Parini, which was the most aristocratic high school in Italy, came to visit us. To welcome them, we displayed a poster at a window of the Cave: STUDENTI, GRIDATELO DAI BANCHI! (Students, shout it from the school desks!)

The first contestation of the Italian school system.
The first contestation of the Italian school system.
"STUDENTI, GRIDATELO DAI BANCHI!" (Students, shout it from the school desks!)


On March 11, Alfio D'Agosta Giuda, who had participated in the Demonstration to Contestate the Establishment and was one of the 6 who contestated the Italian school system at Liceo Parini, told Melchiorre Gerbino that he was determined to commit to new actions, although he was aware that he would be imprisoned, since he had already received a mandatory expulsion order. So the two considered how to stage a spectacular action.
They decided to paste the document of the mandatory expulsion order on a sign and write on the sign "Stay away from me! I am dangerous! The Police Headquarters has sanctioned my awareness of a free man" (Allontanatevi! Sono un pericolo! La Questura ha diffidato la mia coscienza di uomo libero).
Then Melchiorre Gerbino phoned two photojournalists from the Agenzia Publifoto and, upon their arrival, Alfio D'Agosta left the Cave to walk towards Piazza Duomo, to perform the most exemplary action in the history of Mondo Beat.
He was arrested and taken at the Police Headquarters, but they did not dare to put him in jail, as the news of his action was covered internationally.
They sent him by plane to Sicily, to his parents, but it didn't take long for Alfio D'Agosta to return to Mondo Beat.

The contestation of Alfio D'Agosta was the first event, staged by Mondo Beat, which was covered internationally in real time
Alfio D'Agosta performing the most exemplary action in the history of Mondo Beat.


On March 12, Eros Alesi, Ronny, Morgan and Cristo di Monza contestated the Police Headquarters in Piazza Duomo. They hadn't received any mandatory expulsion order, since they had residence in Milan, however they could end in jail on the pretext of "resisting the police". These are the funniest photos from the history of Mondo Beat. Look at the faces of those who could end up in jail and the faces of the police. You had to have great courage to carry out actions like those of these guys from Mondo Beat, because when you were taken to the Milan Police Headquarters there were no tarallucci e vino.

The funniest photos from the history of Mondo Beat
Eros Alesi, Morgan, Cristo di Monza and Ronny contestating the Milan Police Headquarters.

No one knew Ronny's real name. He was not assiduous at Mondo Beat, he often appeared and disappeared. As you can see, he was a very original boy. Before organizing this contestation together with Eros Alesi, Cristo di Monza and Morgan, he participated with them in the Demonstration to Contestate the Establishment.


On March 16, we learned from newspapers that Albert Villy Augerau had been arrested and sent to prison.

Albert Villy Augerau was one of the most active guys from the Base of Mondo Beat
The Mondo Beat Movement loses one of its best youths, Albert Villy Augerau.

Albert Villy Augerau was arrested the first time while he was in the company of an underage girl on the run from home. He was escorted by the police to the Ventimiglia border and repatriated to France.
But he was bored in France, where the Contestation had not yet spread, so he had illegally returned to Italy and back to Mondo Beat. Captured again in Milan, he was taken to the Police Headquarters, from where he tried to escape, barefoot and with his guitar. After being imprisoned for a month, he was deported to France on a Milan-Paris flight.
He was one of the most active guys from the Base of Mondo Beat. He took part in the hunger strike in the Cave, he was in the Demonstration to Contestate the Establishment, he was one of the six who staged the contestation at Parini High School.

This cycle of contestations, which lasted 2 weeks (Hunger strike; Demonstration to Contestate the Establishment; individual contestations), ended with a poster by Melchiorre Gerbino displayed in a window of the Cave.
The poster reads: ARRIVI (Arrivals) PARTENZE (Departures). Under ARRIVI are the names of youths arriving to Milan from different cities they had to leave because of police mandatory expulsion orders. Under PARTENZE are the names of youths leaving Milan, because of the same kind of injunctions.
More below it reads: E LE STELLE STANNO A GUARDARE (And the stars look down) and the date March 17, 1967.

 Gunilla Unger and Melchiorre Gerbino in the cellar of the Cave
Picture on the left. Arrivals and Departures of Beats subjected to mandatory expulsion orders.
Picture on the right. Gunilla Unger and Melchiorre Gerbino in the cellar of the Cave.

History of Mondo Beat - Chapter 9