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 Melchiorre Gerbino
Melchiorre Paolo Gerbino
Founder of Mondo Beat


The wording and field testing of the models of the Contestation


Mondo Beat N. 1 (Issue 3) - March 1, 1967 - edition 4,000 copies

This third issue of the magazine Mondo Beat has appeared when the youths of the Movement have openly disputed the establishment. Indeed, those police injunctions, enjoined on them, limited the freedom of citizens who had committed no offense. The code of those injunctions had been enacted during the fascist dictatorship (Codice Rocco).
When this third issue appeared, beside the slogan "l'inserito protesta - il beat contesta" (the one integrated protesting - the beat contesting), by Melchiorre Gerbino was also formulated the expression "contestazione globale" (global contestation), with which it was intended refusal to live in the family, to attend school, to bend to wage labor. Youths who performed "global contestation" were defined by Gerbino "La Base di Mondo Beat" (The Base of Mondo Beat). From there, terminology and methodology of The Contestation have developed in the pages of the magazine and in the praxis of the Movement, while slogans and posters of the Contestation were displayed at the windows of the Cave.

Note:
Except for the cliche of the cover (page 1), all the others, with which this issue was structured, were offered by the daily L'Unità, the official organ of the Italian Communist Party. These cliches, that had been already used for printing, were stacked in bulk in a box. Gerbino had access to it thanks to Giorgio Manzini, a journalist that had interviewed him. As you will see, in the magazine Mondo Beat there will always be an anticommunist clear-cut line (as well as an antifascist clear-cut line), but however, at L'Unità, they would let Gerbino rummaging in the box of their old cliches.

Melchiorre Gerbino has created the cover with a collage of mandatory expulsion orders    'LA SQUOLA, by Renzo Freschi, was an attack against the Italian school system  This article was intended to sensitize students to the themes of pacifism and ecology    'To say it in words',by Melchiorre Paolo
Gerbino, was intended to drive away people foreign to the Movement,who wanted to publish their articles in the magazine Mondo 
Beat   The attitude of Valcarenghi,in the face of war,was that of refusal,in any case.This position reflected that of the Movimento
Mondo Beat  

Peter Cadogan was held in high esteem by the youth of Onda Verde,for his refractoriness to consolidated organizations   Certainly,Peter Cadogan was influential,however,the intellectuals who greatly influenced the Movement were Bertrand Russell
and Wilhelm Reich   Carlo Silvestro and Ivano Urban were the most prominent characters among Roman beats   Enrico was a mysterious person, most probably a journalist working at Corriere della Sera,who criticized his newspaper from 
the pages of Mondo Beat   This 
flyer was mimeographed in 10.000 copies in the anarchist section Sacco e Vanzetti and was distributed in streets and schools.It 
summarized the events to which beats,provos,onda verde,had concurred


Contributors - Comments on the articles:

page 01-
The cover, dated March 1, 1967, marks the historic date of the birth of The Contestation, the moment when the youths of Mondo Beat mutated from "contestati" (contested ones) into "contestatori" (contesting ones).
Melchiorre Gerbino has created the cover with a collage of mandatory expulsion orders that police stations of several Italian cities had enjoined on youths of Mondo Beat.

page 02-
"Last will and testament" (TESTAMENTO) A joke by Stefano Mondo, who was leaving Milan because of a mandatory expulsion order:
The undersigned Stefano Mondo, born 27.10.1946 in Ghedi (Brescia), domiciled in Milan at the underpass of Cordusio subway station - not being in possession of the sum of one million lire, is expelled from the city and led to his birthplace, where he will be burned alive in a public square.
LAST WILL AND TESTAMENT
He leaves:
1 box kg.5 Dixan washing powder to Vittorio Di Russo;
1 tin Topazio Vegetable Oil to Umberto Tiboni and Desirè;
2 chicken nuts Star & Knorr to Scheletrino;
1 kg. spaghetti Vera Pasta di Napoli to Barry McBuir;
2 pieces Cadum soap to Ringo;
1 bottle Rosso Antico (bitter) to Tella and Adriana;
1 box Green Taft lacquer to the owner of the Piper Club;
He furthermore leaves his bench in the park of Castello Sforzesco to the director of Mondo Beat and family
.

On the same pag.2, "The School The School The School" (LA SQUOLA LA SQUOLA LA SQUOLA), by Renzo Freschi, who, finally, had understood that was nonsense to write on the American Beat Generetion, and with this article has attacked the Italian school system.
"LA SQUOLA", expressly written incorrectly, given that the correct spelling is "LA SCUOLA", has given origin to an amount of literary jokes on the Italian school system, which endures until our days!

page 03-
"Provocative methodology of Onda Verde" (METODOLOGIA PROVOCATORIA dell'ONDA VERDE) by Marco Daniele, who analyzed the methodology of Dutch provos. This article was intended to sensitize students to the issues of pacifism and ecology.

page 04-
"Methods of the beats" (METODI DEI BEATS) by Marco Daniele. With this writing Marco Daniele pointed out how the characteristics of beats, provos, onda verde, and their differences, were complementary to give impulse to the Movement.

"To say it in words" (PER DIRLO CON LE PAROLE) by m. Paolo g. (Melchiorre Paolo Gerbino), was a polemic commentary, intended to drive away people foreign to the Movement, who wanted to publish their writings in the magazine Mondo Beat.

page 05-
"A discourse on generic peace" (DISCORSO SULLA PACE GENERICA) by Andrea Valcarenghi. The attitude of Valcarenghi, toward war as a remedy to resolve the problems of the world, was that of refusal. This position reflected that of the Movimento Mondo Beat.

page 06-
"To define our terminology" (PER DEFINIRE LA NOSTRA TERMINOLOGIA) (1) by Peter Cadogan.
Peter Cadogan was held in high esteem by the youth of Onda Verde, who have translated this writings from English into Italian. Cadogan was admired for his refractoriness to consolidated organizations.

page 07-
"To define our terminology" (PER DEFINIRE LA NOSTRA TERMINOLOGIA) (2) by Peter Cadogan.
Certainly, Peter Cadogan was influential, however, those who have greatly influenced the Movement, were Bertrand Russell and Wilhelm Reich.

page 08-
Miscellany by Carlo Silvestro, Ivano Urban, Tella (Tella Ferrari).
Carlo Silvestro and Ivano Urban were the most prominent characters among Roman beats. Carlo Silvestro, a photographer, has periodically left a sleeping Rome and has come to a seething Milan, attracted by the eye of the cyclone of The Contestation.

page 09-
"But who are they?" (MA CHI SONO?) by Enrico, who explained about the beats. Enrico was a mysterious person, most probably a journalist working at Corriere della Sera, who criticized his newspaper from the pages of Mondo Beat.

page 10-
"10.000 leaflets" (10.000 MANIFESTINI) was inspired by Giuseppe Pinelli. This flyer was mimeographed in 10.000 copies in the anarchist section Sacco e Vanzetti and was distributed in the streets and in schools. It summarized the events to which beats, provos, onda verde, had concurred.

Note:
This third issue of the magazine was seized by order of a prosecutor of the Court of Milan, but when the cops arrived at The Cave, to seize the magazine, there was not a single copy of it, all having already been sold.
Prosecutor Antonio Scopelliti has indicted Melchiorre Gerbino, as director in charge, and Renzo Freschi, who had written the article "LA SQUOLA LA SQUOLA LA SQUOLA", for offending public decency.
The incrimination of the article "LA SQUOLA LA SQUOLA LA SQUOLA" was a pretext to confiscate the issue. In reality, what had irritated the establishment was the cover of the issue, made with a collage of mandatory expulsion orders, which were unconstitutional.

4 issues,of 7 published by the magazine Mondo Beat,were seized by the establishment,in different ways and always with 
unconstitutional procedures   At the trial that followed,Melchiorre Gerbino and Renzo Freschi were acquitted,because 'the act did not constitute a crime'
Of the 7 issues, published by the magazine Mondo Beat, 4 were seized, in different ways and always with unconstitutional procedures.
At the trial, above cited, Melchiorre Gerbino and Renzo Freschi were acquitted, because "the act did not constitute a crime".

History of Mondo Beat - Chapter 8